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Hay posibilidad de que en un futuro puedan venir nuevos equipos partners para esta entrega, como paso con la SS Lazio. A estos se los conoce como equipos partner. De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre.

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At Jerusalem Alexander founded the library which was later used by Eusebius of. Caesarea in prepar in g his great history of the early Church. When Origen was condemned by the bishop of Alexandria,. Alexander in vited him to Jerusalem, orda in ed him, and put him in charge of the teach in g of Scripture and the ology in. Alexander died in prison at Caesarea, Palest in e, dur in g the persecution of Decius died In Greece his.

Alexander, the senator. He built the Church in honour of St. Stephen in the valley of Cedron Kidron. This Church was. Alexander, the son of Simon the Crossbearer. Mk 15, She was the wife of Emperor Diocletian , who put to death George of Lydda. Alexandra was. Her husband, the Emperor, imprisoned her. In great anger he tried to throttle her, the n he had.

She suffered martyrdom toge the r with her three servants, Apollus, Isaakius and Kodratus. The Greek. Alexius I Comnenus, Byzant in e Emperor, He was born in The arrival of the first crusade was a. He did,. Bohemund of Antioch to admit his overlordship. SS mention Alexius on Sept 2. Ali ben Yehya al Armani. This Armenian general fought aga in st the Greeks round Al in e, Sister of Sion.

She died at Eilath on Sept 20, All bl in d and paralytic, deaf and in firm who have been healed by the Lord. On April 17 in the Lectionary of Paris. All Fa the rs of the Church who assisted at the 7th oecumenial Council of Nicaea in aga in st the iconoclasts. Their memory is on the Sunday between Oct 11 and 17 in the Melkite liturgy. All Patriarchs of Jerusalem. They are commemorated in the Anastasis-Church on Sept In the Palest in ian-Georgian.

All Patriarchs of the Old Testament. All sa in tly Fa the rs of the monastery of St. Sabas: Jan 24 in the Palest in ian-Georgian calendar. All sa in ts who have given hospitality to the apostles: April 16 in the Lectionary of Paris. All Sa in ts' Day: November 1, in the Roman church.

The Eastern churches have the feast on the first Sunday after. Hierarchs, Fa the rs of the Church, bishops, martyrs and monks and hermits, sa in tly K in gs, sa in tly women. Allegra Gabriel Maria, Franciscan priest. He was born in Sicily, he died In Hong Kong He teached at Studium. Biblicum Franciscanum, Jerusalem, in The action causa for his beatification has been in troduced in Rome. Allenby, British General. He held his formal entry in to Jerusalem through. Jerusalem capitulated on Dec 9, A bridge over the river Jordan, 8 kms east of Jericho is called Allenby Bridge.

Jaffa Gate and entrance by a Christian: General Allenby entered through the Jaffa Gate, not through the breach of ,. Throughout the ceremony no Allied flag was flown. After the reception Allenby left the city by the Jaffa Gate,.

Th e photographs show in g General Allenby leav in g Jerusalem on a. Spafford -Vester B, Our Jerusalem. Allyrius, St. Oct Al-Nimri Hanna. This priest of the Lat in rite was shot down by terrorists on February 26, , in Gaza. Alphanus, St. He is mentioned before October 9. Greek liturgy represents Alpha eu s as. Greek liturgy venerates him on May Alph eu s The fa the r of the apostle James the Less. This Alph eu s is to be dist in guished from Alpha eu s, the fa the r of.

Alph eu s was also the husband of Maria Cleophas. Alph eu s and Zaccha eu s, martyrs in Caesarea, Palest in e. Nov 17 of the first year of the persecution De Mart. On the same date, accord in g to Eusebius De Mart. Romanus was martyred in Antioch. The three. Alph eu s served as a deacon in. Gadara, East-Jordan. He visited Jerusalem privately, dur in g a cruis in g-tour, , March 2.

Alphons in e Sister of the Rosary. Soultaneh Danil Ghattas. She was born in Jerusalem. In she entered the. Congregation des So eu rs de St. Joseph de l'Apparition, as the first Palest in ian member. In she jo in ed the new. Alphons in e founded the convent at Bethlehem in She died in A in -Karem, March 25, Her visions of the.

Holy Virg in contributed to the foundation of the congregation Sisters of the Rosary. Altmannus, St. Monachus Gottwicensis, Vita S. In Palest in e in AA. Alvaro B. Dom in ican, died After his return from the Holy Land , he erected in his convent a series of chapels. Alypsios, a Jew of the Diaspora and an adversary of Paul.

He is called'Hebrew' 2 Cor 11, Alypsios was from. Amad eu s IX of Savoy, count, blessed March 30 , born in , count in Amad eu s was married to a daughter of. Charles VII, k in g of France. In Amad eu s on account of illness abdicated in favor of his wife. Amad eu s was a. He died in in Vercelli Italy. His cult as patron of Christian rulers was approved in.

Amalric I, k in g of Jerusalem Amalricus, eighth patriarch of the Lat in Patriarchate of Jerusalem. Amandus Tranensis in Canonizatio S. Nicolai, c. II, n. Amandus, St. They were in Palest in e before June Amaretch Wolzero Walulu. This lady rented land in Jericho in , she became a nun and jo in ed the Ethiopian.

She died at Deir es-Sultan in Jerusalem in The rented land was bought in and a. Ambrosius of Saxano, servant of God. Dur in g 35 years he was sacristan in the Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre. He died. Anide Michael, Abba. He was a hermit who lived in the first World War at the River Jordan near the spot,. In order to save him from the dangers of the war, the British. His tomb is at the monastery of the Ethiopians Holy. American Missionaries: cemetery on Mount Sion in Jerusalem.

The plot was bought from the Greek community. Afterwards the cemetery was bought from the American Missionaries by the Franciscan Custody. In the small. Ammonius and companions, with Dioscorus. Sept Amos, the fa the r of lsaiah, the prophet. Amos is commemorated in the Ethiopian Synaxarium on the fifth day of the. On this day Amos died. He prophesied for fifty years and more, in the days. Amos, St.

Prophet whose discourses are preserved in the Book of Amos. They were delivered in Israel dur in g the reign. A period of peace and prosperity is reflected in the book. Noth in g is known of the personal life of the prophet Amos except from his book. He is called a shepherd of Tekoa in. Judah, a shepherd and a dresser of figs.

He was not a pr of essional prophet, but he spoke in obedience to a div in e call. Some, perhaps all, of his discourses were delivered at the shr in e of Be the l, from which he was expelled by the priest. The commemoration of Amos is on March The Greeks have his memory on June The Palest in ian-. Tomb of Amos. Amos, wounded on the head,. A tomb is venerated in Tekoa one of the caves.

Hieronymus of Bethlehem visited the tomb of. Amos in Tekoa. In the 6th century Cyril of Scythopolis mentions a monastery of the holy Amos. Amos, patriarch of Jerusalem, AA. Pope Gregory the Great wrote a letter to priest Anastasius,. Amos built a church of St. John, north of the walls of Jerusalem. This church existed in the early. Amphianus, St. Martyr April 2. He was born in the Prov in ce of Lydia dur in g the reign of Maximianus He was imprisoned for his faith by the Governor Urbanus, and f in ally drowned.

De Mart. IV, 15 In. Palest in ian-Georgian calendar venerates Amphianus, toge the r with St. Theodosia on April 2. Theodosia was martyred. Amphianus and Theodosia are. Amplias, one of the 70 disciples, bishop of Odessus-Moesia in the Greek list. Ananias, St. Martyrologium Romanum: Jan 25 the Christian disciple in Damascus. Rise and go to the street called Straight, and in quire in the house of Judas for a man of Tarsus named Saul Acts 9,.

This happened about the year 36 CE. The Greek liturgy venerates Ananias on Oct 1; the Georgian liturgy on. Ananias became the first. Ananias in the fiery furnace; Aug Hegumenos in Jerusalem of the monastery, which was called Nea. Pope Gregory the Great exhorts priest. Anastasia, nun on the Mount of Olives, round June 2. Died Tombstone 12 in Mus eu m Flagellation. He purchased in Anastasius Armenius 7th century. He mentions two Armenian convents on the 'Mount of Galilee', which means here.

Anastasius, bishop of Areopolis, at Council of Ephesus in Anastasius, bishop. Three in scriptions at Jerash mention that Anastasius 6th cent decorated with silver and with. Peter and Paul at Jerash. Anastasius, bishop at Ashkelon. A mosaic discovered at Barnea, north of Ashkelon, mentions: ' in the year , in the. Christian Era. Anastasius, St. August 17 mention: iter S. Anastasii, Interamnam , in the 6th century. Anastasius, monk of the Convent of St.

Euthymius died Anastasius, patriarch of Jerusalem. Anastasius was the successor of Juvenal, who was patriarch of Jerusalem. Greek synaxaries have the feast on July 2. Anastasius, the Persian. His orig in al name was Magundot. He served in the army of Chosroas II of Persia when it.

There he was converted and adopted the name of Anastasius' the risen one'. He was. There he was arrested. He was taken to Bethsaloe on the Euphrates, where h a suffered. Anastasius, on the site 'Founta in of Salvius'.

The Greek Church venerates him on Jan Anastase, came to Palest in e round Acta S. Anastasius, priest and superior of the monastery of the Nea in Jerusalem. Anastasius was asked in a letter by Pope. Gregory the Great to abolish the amusements in his monastery and to reconcile himself with the patriarch. Anastasius S in aites, abbot. He went to Jerusalem. Then he settled at Mount S in ai, where he excelled in ascetism.

He died in peace round The Greek church venerates him on. Anastasius, the Count. The entrance to the large hall. For the in scription, see also:. She was the sister of Phot in e, the Samaritan woman Jn 4, He was the son of the Samaritan woman.

Anatolus, bishop of Laodicaea, Syria. Roman Martyrology July 3 Anatolus was orda in ed bishop by Theoctetus of. Caesarea, Palest in e, in order to succeed on the see of Caesarea. Anatolus went to the Council that condemned Paul of. The synod of local bishops in Antioch condemned Paul of Samosate in , and deposed him in Anatolus returned from the council of Antioch, and was reta in ed at Laodicea and in stalled as bishop of Laodicea, Syria.

This see had become vacant through the death of his friend Eusebius. Anatole ruled his bishopric under the Emperors. Probus and Carus Anatolus died just before the persecution of Diocletian Yad Washem honoured him as a Righteous One.

Andrea of the city of Achon. Salimbene 34 mentions Friar Andrea, round Andreas Chiensis, martyr by the Turks in Feb Andreas of Bologna. Andreas died in Rome round , at the Sacred Penitentiary. Andreas of Flanders.

A certa in Andreas of Flanders is mentioned about in ' Vita S. Nicolai peregr. I, II, c. Il, n. Andrew, St. Apostle, the first-called. Feast Nov 30 in the Martyr. Romanum; also Nov 30 in Greece. He was the. There are two traditions about his call: in Mk 1, 16 Andrew is called with Peter while the y are. Andrew was commonly. Accord in g to the Ethiopian Synaxarium. Takdhash 4 Andrew was hung up upon a tree and stoned to death in Ledya Lydda. Lydda means here Lydia in. Andrew: Church of St. In Jericho the Coptic property has mosaics and Greek in scriptions of the 6th century.

The church recalls probably the call of Andrew near the Jordan. Andrew: His Head. In , Pope Paul 11 solemnly deposited the relic of his head in the Vatican, close to the tomb of. Andrew, apostle and Sab in us, the priest. The lectionary of Paris has on April ' in the build in g of the Disciples, the.

Sab in us was the founder of the church. Andrew, the apostle, and Sab in us, the priest,. Andrew of Crete, the Jerusalemite. Andrew was born in Damascus round He was orda in ed clerc of the church of. Jerusalem by patriarch Theodore. Therefore Andrew is named the Jerusalemite. In he was sent to Constant in ople. He was in dicated as archbishop of Cortyne in Crete. He died in peace on the island of Mytilene in Andrew of Melitene.

The bro the r of Ga in os. Andrew was in stalled as hegumenos of the martyrium of Sa in t Menas,. James in Jerusalem. Andronicus, martyr. He is venerated in Palest in e, accord in g to the Palest in ian-Georgian calendar on June 27, July 18,. Sept 28, Oct 1, Oct Andronicus was ordered to execute Paul and his sister Juliana at Ptolemais, Palest in e, under.

Aurelian The same order was given to Acacius and to Codratus Quodratus. The three servants were. Andronicus, St. They lived in Jerusalem round Oct g - Their. Andronicus and his wife Athanasia pilgrims to Jerusalem: These lovers of God are saluted in the Ethiopian. Synaxarium on the 28th day of the month Hamle.

After the death of the ir two children, Andronicus became a monk. Andronicus after 12 years made a pilgrimage to. Jerusalem; Athanasia made the same pilgrimage. She recognized Andronicus dur in g the journey. Both returned to. Alexandria, but Abba Daniel said to Andronicus: 'Dwell in a place with the person who had been your companion.

Afterwards Athanasia, who always wore the garments of a man, died. Andronicus now discovered. After a few days. Andronikus, one of the 70 disciples, bishop of Pannonia, Illyricum, accord in g to the Greek list.

Andronikus and Junius. Paul in his letter to the Romans Rom. Andronikus, toge the r with Silas, Silvanus, Crescentius, Epa in etus, all of the 70 disciples. The five are venerated by the. Anectus, St. Martyr in Caesarea, Palest in e, in He escorted the Christians to the place of suffer in g, he was the refore. First he was scourged by ten soldiers, the n his hands and his feet were cut of f,. Anga eu s, a levite. Angela Carmelitana, St. She came to Palest in e in II-IV, n.

July 6. Angela Merici, Sa in t, foundress of the Ursul in es. She was born in Desenzano, Republic of Venice, probably on March. Around , she was favoured with a vision 'Before your death, you will found a society of virg in s at. In she lived with the Patengoli family in order to console the m because of the recent death of the ir two.

In Angela undertook a pilgrimage to the Holy Land and returned in In Angela formed a group of. Immediately after her death Angela was honoured as a sa in t by the people. Angela was canonized on May 24, , and in her cult was extended to the Universal Church by Plus. Angeli ad Pastores ' the Holy Angels to the Shepherds'. The chapel at the Lat in Shepherds Field is dedicated to the. The chapel was in augurated in Canada f in anced the construction, as is in dicated by an in scription.

Angelo of Spoleto, martyr, Blessed, and his companions, In the Mart. Franciscanum we have on April 2. Afterwards Angelo visited the Holy Land. In July , he. In killed in Mauro Castro, by the Bulgars. Angelus Bonus. Ben in casa, Vita S. Raynerii, c. XVI, n. He was in Palest in e before AA. He was born in as a son of converted. Jews in Jerusalem. He entered the Order of the Carmelites, afterwards he travelled to Sicily, where he acted as a.

In Licata, Sicily, he was martyred, or , May 5. Apostle Mark as his successor in the bishopric of Alexandria. His relics were brought to Venice. He does not have a. He is the patron of the cobblers. Anicetus, papa. April He went from Palest in e to Rome to become pope. Anna, Prophetess. And the re was a prophetess Anna, the daughter of Phanu'el, of the. She did not depart from the temple, worshipp in g with fast in g and prayer night and day. Feb 3, and on Aug 28; the Copts on Feb 2.

A three l in ear mosaic. Anna, St, wife of St. Joachim and mo the r of the Holy Virg in. Her name is found in the apocryphal gospels. Feast 26th. July in Mart. Anna, near the Pool of Be the sda in Jerusalem;. The Romans called this. An enclosure built by the Franciscans in , conta in s ru in s of a. On July 26 the Franciscan community of. Church of St Anna. Anna had already become a Moslem 'dar el ilm' -house of learn in g -, but that 'when the Franks took Jerusalem' it was.

Benedict in e Sisters were the n in stalled in the adjo in in g convent and St Anne's Abbey. Hanauer, Walks in and around Jerusalem, , p. Tradition does not mention who died first. A legend tells: the Virg in. Mary was already an orphan when she left the temple at the age of 12 years, to be married to Joseph.

Anna, the mo the r of prophet Samuel. Anna, a certa in Anna of Jerusalem Legenda. Round July Anonymous man came to Palest in e round Acta B. Gerardi Arv. Aug Anonymous pilgrim , came to Palest in e in Jacobi, n. Anonymus, patriarch of Jerusalem, in the 7th century. One of the Canons of the See of Ascalon, was made bishop of the new bishopric of Bethlehem in Anselm of Mantova Italy , servant of God. The Duke of Mantova called this Franciscan to his court.

After the death of. He lived in Bethlehem and in Aleppo; afterwards he went to Cairo and took care. He died in the church in Anselm Ruschi of Sabbioncello, servant of God. This Franciscan, born in , died in Jerusalem in from the. Anselmus de Buls, archbishop of Milan. He is mentioned, about in AA. May 7. He was one of the unmercenary sa in ts of Arabia, who suffered martyrdom dur in g the Diocletian persecution.

Anthony, bishop of Durazzo, confessor. In this Franciscan was the superior on Mount Sion. In he travelled. He became bishop of Durazzo Albania. He died in The Franciscan. Anthony Bontad in i, Blessed. He was born in Ferrara Italy , he entered the Franciscan Order in He visited. Palest in e. He died, soon after his return, in the pilgrims' hospital of Cotignola, Dec 1, Anthony of Rosate, martyr, Blessed. As place of his martyrdom is mentioned Egypt, or Syria, or Gaza in Palest in e.

Accord in g to tradition, he was sawn asunder in The Martyrologium. Anthos, monk. He lived a certa in time with the priest Theodosius in the church of Qadismu south of Jerusalem. Antibanis Antipas. This disciple of John the evangelist, is saluted by the Ethiopian Synaxarium on the 16th day of the. Antich Francis, Franciscan lay bro the r of Spa in. He was murdered by Greek pirates in Antichrist and Jaffa Gate in Jerusalem.

Lydda', the gate of Lydda'. This is because the road to Lydda and Jaffa starts from this gate, and also because some. Moslem the ologians believe that at the Gate of Lydda the Messiah el Dejjal the Antichrist , will be defeated. O the r. Moslem the ologians assert that this defeat will take place at Lydda itself, and the y mention, as the actual spot, the. It is in side the little build in g, under the great sycomore, half-way between. Ramleh and Lydda. Hanauer J. Walks in and around Jerusalem, 2nd Edition, , London.

Antimasius, see: Artemion, one of the 70 disciples. Feast June Baybars I, Sultan of the Mamelukes conquered Antioch in Two Franciscan convents were. Antiochos Strategios. This Antiochus, in a sermon to the population of Jerusalem, after the conquest of ' Jerusalem in , rebukes the men. Antiochus, bishop of Acre episc. Ptolemaidis , circa Olympiadis, n. Antiochus, bishop of Lyon. Antiochus, priest. Antipas, St. He was from Pergamon, Asia.

He lived under Emperor Domitian St John, who was exiled. Antipater Antipatrus of Bosra. He was bishop of Bosra about He was questioned by Pope Leo I. By the seventh general Council , Antipater was. Antipatris, bishop, St. Feast April 4. Perhaps to be identified with Antipater of Bosra 5th century , who is. Antipatris locality. At Aphek the Ark of the Covenant was lost 1 Sam 4, 1.

Aphek was a Philist in e city. Hellenistic period it had the name Pegal. It was here that the High Priest met Alexander the Great, accord in g to a. Jewish tradition. In 35 BC Herod the Great built the square fortress and named it in memory of his fa the r, Antipatris.

Paul passed the re on his way from Jerusalem to Caesarea, as a prisoner Acts 23, In the 4th century it was a. Herod the Great rebuilt the Fortress Baris north of the temple, and renamed it Antonia, in honour of. Anton in us, St. Martyr falsum. Extracta ex Actis spuriis S. Anton in i The AA. They were decapitated in Caesarea, Palest in e, in by. Anton in us Martyr. Anton in us Placent in us Anton in e of Placentia. This priest of Placentia Italy is known as Anton in us Martyr.

Anton in us, 27th bishop of Jerusalem, 2nd century AA. Antonio de Aranda. Franciscan from the prov in ce of Castilla Spa in. In he was at the University of Alcala. Sept 8, he came to Jerusalem, in the company of the Superior of Mount Sion. This Superior was Baptista de. Before Lent Antonio was sent to Tripoli Lebanon. Antonio embarked on a Venetian ship to Cyprus. From Cyprus, he embarked after 48 days June 4, and he landed at Venice on August 12, Arce, Archivum. Antonio Bonfad in i, Blessed, confessor, Franciscan memory Dec 1.

He was born in Ferrara Italy , he visited. Antonius Chozebita. Antonius Manzius Pataviensis, Blessed. He came to Palest in e before AA. Feb i. Antonius, monk of Georgia. He brought a part of the rol1stone that was before the Holy Sepulchre and also a relic of. Anton in us de Rosatis, Ord in is M in orum, martyr in by the Turks. He is mentioned on Feb 2 AA.

Anton in us of Ephesus, one of the Seven Sleepers, martyr, July In the Eastern Church the feast is on Aug 1. Apelles, one of the 70 disciples, bishop of Smyrna, in the Greek list. Aphrodisius, Meldas and 64 companions, martyrs at Scythopolis Beth-Shean. Without date. May 4. Aphthonius, founder of a shr in e near Gethsemane; In the build in g of Aphthonius, was the dedication of an altar, July. Apoll in aria. She was the daughter of An the mius, Emperor of the West She went on a pilgrimage to.

Jerusalem, and the n retired to Scete in Egypt, where she posed as a eu nuch. She healed her sister who by co in cidence. Apoll in aris Syncletica, Sa in t. Visited Palest in e between Simeone Metaphr. Apoll in aris, virg in. Apollo, one of the 70 disciples, bishop of Caesarea, in Bithynia, in the Greek list.

He is venerated by the Greek liturgy on Jan 8 and Jan 9. Apollo, Sanctus, bishop of Caesarea Maritime in Palest in e in the 2nd century, without year. Feast Dec 9 AA. Apollus: see Alexandra April 21 in the Greek liturgy. It's a work of art. Thanks Nico!!! Attached Thumbnails. Send a private message to cairoman. Find More Posts by cairoman.

Likes: These trays are definitely a work of art I ordered mine on a Monday and had them that Friday , you cant get any better service they do fit absolutely perfect thanks Nicolas Its good to hear that John got some replay at last from JETLEGEND, once they ship it you will have it in a couple a days regards Andreas.

Send a private message to ash Find More Posts by ash My Feedback: 1. Cheers Jeff. Send a private message to jeff sewell. Find More Posts by jeff sewell. Send a private message to wolfshound. Find More Posts by wolfshound. I found some paint matching well with the camo scheme, for the little cosmetic repairs : Revell Matt 5 White Revell Matt 76 Grey Revell SM Green The Green is not matching so well like the two others but the best I could find in enamel paints from all available brands.

Send a private message to SpiderJets. Find More Posts by SpiderJets. They have been in my camera bag again!!! Blimey it's bigger than I thought! Just waiting for the retracts to arrive. All the best, John C. Send a private message to jetjohn. Find More Posts by jetjohn. Very good news for you Me I just have call the store all the L is arrived, but my not Hope in Hi all, During the long waiting of Christmass Chinese post break What do you think to put more pictures or videos of your L?

Please I will lick my screen. My Feedback: Send a private message to rickj Find More Posts by rickj I don't know? Read the thread? Nicolas, Kevin or anybody with a finished L Is it that simple? Regards, John C. Yes, correct. There are two U-shaped plywood plates going around the servo per each servo, a thick and a thin one. This you glue together and then both to the inner surfaces.

The servos must be bolted to the T-shaped alu brackets first, with M3 bolts, and with the shortest leg towards the inner surface floor. These assemblies, you screw with the plywood screws on the plywood, and this is how you will eventually take them out. You cannot reach the M3 bolts anymore when the servos are laying flat in the wing. To make your life easier, first prepare all servo arms, links, pushrods, alu brackets, You will not need to make any adjustments afterwards.

I did use 5 minute epoxy, after sanding away the epoxy resin up to the balsa wing sheets. The surface area for the glue is by far sufficient to trust this glue otherwise use BVM Aeropoxy or Hysol for this particular purpose.

Likes: 3. Received 2 Likes on 2 Posts. I glued mine onto the hatch covers when I built the raptor.

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Dawn disclosed gray clouds bee- tling the brow of the Holy Mountain, and tbe face of the sea furrowed in anger. Below, waves slammed over the landing. No mail boat today. To get to Gregoriou, next mon- astery along the coast, meant going by foot. The gangling, New York-born Vietnam veteran was coming from the "desert, " her- mitages farther out on the peninsula, where he paints icons.

Pausing on a crest, buffeted by a devil of a wind, Father Euthymios said "I always fear thi s next stretch. It's along cliff with a straight drop to the sea. But with God's grace we will make it. And next day, we again tempted fate. The storm roared unabated. Winds clutched at us as we climbed and descended ravines, bone weary, wet through. Breakers roared as we leaped from rock to slippery rock at the base of sea cliffs.

Too close. I oi li? Greek fire wins victory for the Byzantines. As depicted in a 13th-century manuscript. Russia's Igor reportedly lost 10, vessels to Greek fire in a battle in Under Constantinople's sway from the seventh to the ninth centuries, Venice took of her own destiny and ultimately usurped Byzantium's trade routes. She he! The tradition of false faces to hide the identities of bacchanals during carnival also dates from the 13th century. Masks are still crafted by artisans such as Giuseppe Doniz above, in mirror.

It opens its dovecote of cells onto tiers of rickety balconies propped by aged beams. To walk along one feet over the sea in a storm is an act offaith. Clutching the splin- tery rail, stepping over a gap in the floor planks, I looked down mesmerized at walls of water battering walls of rock.

Next day Simonopetra no longer shook. The wind had lost its howl; the sea was flat- tening its crests. No more dodging waves. I had been lucky. Not so that boy who looked like my son. As he leaped across the rocks, a wave swept him away before his father's eyes. When the boats ran again, they found his body and brought it in from the sea. At Man- zikert, in the highlands of eastern Turkey, the multinational Byzantine Army, riven by dissensions and desertions and for once sloppy in reconnaissance, was annihilated by the invading Seljuk Turks it had marched east to destroy.

Anatolia, breadbasket and prime recruiting ground for Byzantium, subsequently was stripped forever from Christendom, opening the way to later Ottoman invasions of Europe. In Bari, port city in southeastern Italy, I saw blood on the pavement. Assassins had gunned down a political opponent, and grieving partisans marched around the stain in bitter memorial. Nine centuries earlier blood had flowed in the streets of Byzantine The Byzantine Empire Bari, sacked by the Normans after a three- year siege.

The year was even worse. On April 13, Fourth Crusaders en route to Jerusalem committed what historian Sir Steven Runci- man called "the greatest crime in history"- the Christian sack of Constantinople. Burning, pillaging, raping, the crusaders looted what they didn't destroy to enrich Venice, Paris, Turin, and other Western centers with "every choicest thing found upon the earth. When, after 57 years , a Byzantine emper- or once again reigned in Constantinople, the Heaven paved in gold, the Pala dJOro altarpiece in St.

MarkJs enshrines the art of Byzantium. In a soUd-gold setting, 2, gems enhance enamels portraying Christ surrounded by angels, prophets, and saints. Universal Empire was but a large head on a shrunken body. The Venetians and Genoese had a stranglehold on its trade. Franks still held territory.

Trebizond ruled an indepen- dent empire on the Black Sea. Byzantine princes had set up their own power centers in Greece. Byzantium was soon pressed be- tween the Ottoman Turks and the Serbs. Crossing the Dardanelles, the Turks first settled in Europe at Gallipoli in A year later, with Serbian power at its peak, Ste- phen Dushan, who had proclaimed himself emperor of Serbs and Greeks, made his bid for Constantinople.

Death robbed him of a chance to sit on Byzantium's throne, but the Serbs never forgot the common Balkan dream of conquering Constantinople. Nor will they ever forget the collision three dec- cades later with the Turks. A physical defeat, it was yet a moral victory the Serbs celebrate to this day. Folk legend and epics extolling Serb bravery fed the fires of nationalism during the five cen- turies the Serbs suffered the Turkish yoke.

Kosovo: June 28, How ironic that Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria chose June 28 ofall days to make his entry into Sa- rajevo, where his assassination by a Serb pa- triot plunged the world into war in As the Turkish shadow lengthened, Byz- antine emperors traveled west to reconcile differences in an effort to secure military aid. Neither pope nor patriarch considered the rupture of final.

Twice, union of the churches was proclaimed only to founder on the reef of residual hatred for the crusaders' desecration of holy Constantino- ple in As for aid, the West dragged its feet. Venice arrested one emperor for debt. On a spur of snow-crowned mountains walling Sparta's valley in the Peloponnesus clings the Byzantine city of Mistra.

Today its citadel, palace, red-roofed churches, and dwellings lie empty. Only a few nuns live in this once vibrant city, the renown of its scholars and artists outshining the empire's fading power. Herein , whereadoublc- headed eagle is carved in the cathedral's marble paving, the last Byzantine emperor was crowned. With him as he journeyed north went a legend: Constantinople's last emperor would bear the same name as the first.

His name? And his mother, like the mother of Constantine the Great, was named Helena. Acclaimed by the populace, tolerated by the indolent Sultan Murad II, he could set- tle, it seemed, for peaceful coexistence. Having failed in besieging Constantinople and succeeded in crushing a crusader army at Varna on the Black Sea, the sultan was content, in his sumptuous capital of Edirne ancient Adrianople in Thrace, to let Con- stantinople wither on the vine while he National Geographic, December sported with his stable of stallions and his harem of hundreds of women.

Murad's death in changed that. His mantle feU to his eldest son, who began his reign typically by strangling his baby broth- er. Scarcely 20, he burned to conquer Con- stantinople. As legend would have it, he bore the Prophet's name-Muhammad. Mounting the walls of Constantine's city, I scanned the line of towers.

The green of garden vegetables flooded moats that in had run red. An aged Turk tended a The Byzantine Empire Where battle once raged on the field of Manzikert near this Turkish village of Erentepe, cattle move to pasture. Here Christians fell to the Seljuk Turks in , heralding the end of Byzantium as a great territorial power. Imagination restored these impres- sive ruins to the triple-tiered ramparts raised by fifth-century Emperor Theodosius II- 13 miles around, studded with towers to landward, to seaward, and pierced by 50 gates.

Mehmed Muhammad II invested the city with the largest force it had yet faced: an estimated , troops deployed to land- ward, the Ottoman fleet massed offshore. Against this: a scant 8, to man the walls, and a few ships behind the chain across the Golden Horn. Why so few defenders? Stripped of the lands that gave it food and fighters, Con- stantinople was a skeleton, and divided against itself.

The pope's emissary presided over a Te Deum in a nearly empty Hagia Sophia to sighs of dismay. Still, they had the in- vincible walls. Optimists quoted the old say- ing: The city would stand until ships sailed over land, a manifest impossibility. Ramparts shat- tered under the barrage of bronze cannon, the largest the world had ever seen. The smallest of the sultan's 67 guns fired a pound stone shot. The biggest, three feet in bore, hurIed a 1 ,pound ball.

Six- tyoxen were needed to draw it from Edirne, preceded by road and bridge builders and flanked by 10, cavalry. Fortunately for the defenders, the Basilica, as Mehmed calJedit, took so long to clean and load that it could fire only seven times a day. Filling breaches in the ramparts by night, the defenders beat back assault after as- sault.

Turkish sappers were countermined and slaughtered underground. When four ships made it through the Turkish gantlet into port, the furious sultan gave his admiral a hundred lashes. Seven weeks: Still the city held. Advi sers urged Mehmed to raise the siege. Give up his dream? The impetu- ous sultan would press the siege to victory. If he could get a flotilla inside the Golden Horn, the Byzantines tvould have to thin out to defend that side too.

His engineers built a log slipway over the hill between the Bospo- rus and the GoldenHorn. Brute force- man and beast bending to the ropes-inched some 70 ships over the crest. Dismaying sight! Descending to the Gold- en Horn, canvas bellying to the breeze, were "ships sailing over the land! For the last time the setting sun glints on the cross atop Hagia Sophia. This evening, as on all others, the tireless Constantine attends holy services and checks the guards on the walls, though his courtiers have begged him to flee.

Day by day anxious eyes have scanned the horizon for relief that does not come. Now the city is one, the thin line of soldiers determined to sell their lives dearly. For several evenings the Turkish Jines have blazed from the Sea of Marmara to the Golden Horn, the din of trumpets, drums, shouts driving a deep wedge of terror into the night.

Tonight, in sultry air, the lines fall ominously silent. Two hours after midnight men on the wall hear a rustle: the Turks moving 2, scal- ingladders into the moat and up to the walls. Flames roaring from cannon mouths sig- nal the attack. Batteries concentrate on St. Romanos Gate. Here the emperor takes the point of greatest danger beside the Genoese captain, Giustiniani Italian for Justinian , whose men have fought valiantly. Turkish archers, musketeers, slingers rain deadly fire on the parapets.

Turks swarm up the ladders, but are hurled back. Heavy infantry attack through breaches pounded by the cannon. Defenders repel them. Mehmed commits hi s elite Janis- saries. Hand-to-hand battle seesaws. Then, Turks discover a lightly guarded sally port in the moat.

They pour through. As night fades, he fall s, hidden as bodies heap up around his. Dawn reveals a lurid sight: streets crim- son with blood as Turkish soldiers race through the city, slaughtering, sacking. Screams split the air as they drag women and children from hiding places in looted homes. They topple altars, sei;:e golden chalices. They force open the massive bronze portals of Hagia Sophia and burst in upon the last Christian service ever held in Justinian's great church.

At midday, Mehmed, whom hi story will call the Conqueror, rides into the city on his white horse. The chronicler Kritovoulos re- ports that the sultan shed tears of compas- sion: "What a city we have given over to plunder and destruction! Don't ever ask a Greek to embark on an important proj- eel on a Tuesday. That's the unlucky day his city fen to the Turk. Zeal- ots of Islam removed the cross from atop Hagia Sophia, and soon the muezzin's chant rang from minarets rising by the Bosporus.

But Byzantium lived on. Priding himself as a new Constantine sit- ting on the throne of the Caesars, Mehmed the Conqueror repopulated his new capital and restaffed its hureaucracy partly with Greeks and Serbs. In his court, influenced by Persian as well as Byzantine traditions, he became an aloof autocrat surrounded by elaborate ceremony. The once migratory Ottomans, now based on Constantine's city, proceeded to conquer a mosaic of nations similar in extent to Justinian's empire.

The Ottoman Empire let its Orthodox subjects keep their Chris- tian religion and Greco-Roman laws-so long as they paid tribute, kept their churches inconspicuous so as not to offend Islamic eyes, and furnished levies for its armies and administration. This tithe in humans peri- odically took the strongest , most intelligent Christian Balkan boys, aged eight to fifteen, National Geographic, December converted them to Islam, and drafted them into the elite army corps, the J anissaries, or trained them as court functionaries.

The conquerors emulated Hagia Sophia in their great single-domed shrines, such as Istanbul's Blue Mosque, built over and us- ing materials from the Great Palace. Greeks became prominent in trade, seafaring , banking, and medicine; Greek and Serbian initially served alongside Turkish as the lan- guages of the chancery; and the Turks, who had long used Byzantine currency in foreign exchange, minted their own gold coins two decades after the conquest.

Nezih Flrath, then director of Istanbul's Museum of Archaeology, told me. Our forebears had no ovens for making bread- only portable iron griddles for unleavened flat cakes. Hence the Turkish word for oven comes from the Greek. Daily life in Nicaea or Philadelphia Turkish i znik and only two gener- ations ago differed little from Byzantine times.

Flrath, looking me squarely in the eye, "but it is the truth. In , during an abortive Greek attempt to reconquer Ionia, considered a "cradle of the Hellenic civilization," came a violent break with the Byzantine past. In that fateful year Atatiirk's army hurled the invaders back into the sea amid the wreckage of 3 , years of Greek settlement in Asia Minor.

This rout triggered a mass ex- odus from Turkey. John the New and. This scene of his death appears in silver on a panel of hts coffin, a treasure in an Orthodox church at Su. The Byzantine Empire Founded in the 14th century, the waLled monastic compound of a dozen ch.

The Bolshevik Revolution shattered those dreams in and nearly destroyed Russia's Orthodox Church. Today Zagorsk's theological seminaty, where neophytes sing at evensong left , is one of the last schools to train priests. Christianity took root in the Ukraine when Vladimir, Prince of Kiev, sent his envoys shopping for a religion. The Byzantine Empire Hemingway, described a silent, ghastly pro- cession: "Twenty miles of carts.

Lamp flicker animated a beardless fifth-century mosaic Christ and caressed the deep-etched face of a woman. She told meofthe tragic ex- change of populations-one and a quarter million Greeks from Turkey, , Turks from Greece. Her gnarled hands clasped and unclasped, tears ran down her cheeks as she recalled her family's being wrenched, when she was 14, from their village near An- kara, and dying one by one of malaria in a refugee camp in a Macedonian swamp.

I had visited a village like hers near Konya Byzantine Iconium in Anatolia, its Greek Orthodox church padlocked, the screened women's balconies empty, the ornate ico- nostasis gaping eyeless, stripped of icons. I had climbed a spectacular mountain gorge behind walled Trebizond, the last Byzantine city to fall-in , eight years after Constantinople. Fabled Trebizond, where caravans brought riches of Persia and China, and monarchs sought the beauty of its Byzantine princesses.

Noonday Trebizond, where phalanxes of schoolchildren in black smocks pour out onto cobbled streets teeming with colorfully garbed women and turbaned merchants hawking fish, hot chestnuts, and fruit. Eight hundred feet over a foaming moun- tain stream I had climbed to a great monas- tery that seemed to cling to the towering rock wall by faith alone.

Founded even before the age ofJustinian, Soumelain the later Middle Ages was one of the richest monastic estab- lishments in the East. I found it gutted, blackened by fire. Since no chant of Greek liturgy has sounded in that solitude, as it still does in the western mountains and valleys of Cyprus, where achingly empty Turkish villages tell of another more recent transfer of populations. These have lessened the danger from fifth columns but have done nothing to allay the hatred that has poisoned relations between Greek and Turk.

There on Cyprus I saw barbed wire and military checkpoints in the divided capital city of Nicosia, and white-painted UN tanks patrolling the advance lines of the Turkish Army, which had invaded in response to a Greek overlhrow of the island republic. This coup brought to mind the Megali I dea- the Great Idea- lhat fired the Greek imagination for generations: reconquest of Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire.

Our nalional temple is Ha- gia Sophia, for years lhe glory of Chris- tendom. The Patriarch of Constantinopl e is our spiritual leader " In cherished legend a priest bearing the chalice, interrupted in the last liturgy in Hagia Sophia, will emerge to complete the service when the shrine is again Christian.

The Greek dream, however, collided with Balkan dreams of imperial glory. Tbe sultan fanned endemic hatreds by classing all his Orthodox suhjects-whether Serb or Bulgar, Greek or Albanian or Romanian- as the Rum Milleli, the Roman people, and putting them under the civil as well as A stubborn faith continues to fill Soviet churches despite deterrence by a government that has converted many churches into museums with antireligious themes. A young Muscovite is christened above National Geographic, Decemher ecclesiastical control of the Greek Patriarch of Constantinople.

Patriarchs adopted the eagle symbol , ceremonies, dress, and func- tions of a Byzantine emperor and set their Greek bishops to hellenizing the proud Bal- kan peoples. In the s Greece rose against the Otto- man overlord; in it was the firsl Balkan nation to break free. Bul many more Greeks lived outside the new kingdom than in it. With enosis-union-with Greece the bat- tle cry, the modern map of Greece was as- sembled piece by piece, escalating the hatred of her neighbors, who watched with cannibal eyes and devoured one another in two Balkan Wars.

Then Sarajevo. Dimitry above , guardian ofThessalonica, long Byzantium's second most importan t city. The Byzantine Empire mountains of Yugoslavia, where minarets of nearly 80 mosques thrust like rockets above Orthodox and Catholic churches, and men in fezzes and women in veils and baggy trousers thread a booth-lined bazaar. Near this crossroad of cultures Emperor Theodo- sius the Great in ran lhe line dividing the unwieldy Roman Empire administratively into East and West.

Here, by the embanked Miljacka River, a pistol shol split the world when a Serbian student assassinated the heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which had annexed lands once Serbian. Austria, backed by Germany, determined to crush Serbia.

And interlocking alliances swept Europe's nations into a war that claimed ten million lives. Greece, entering that holocaust with the prospect of Turkish territory, at war's end occupied ancient Smyrna today palm- shaded Izmir ringing its spacious Aegean harbor. Then, with defeated Turkey in re- volt and the sultanate toppling, the Greeks saw their big chance. But lheir invasion deep into Asia Minor, hurled back, perished in the carnage of Smyrna and the mass exo- dus that ensued.

George and the modest residence and offices of the spiritual leader of the Orthodox faithful throughout the world. The patriarch told me he sees as his role the promotion of understanding and har-mo- ny among "sister" Orthodox Churches. Many separated from Constantinople's fold when their nations broke free of the Turks. More than 70 percent of the baptized Or- thodox today dwell in Communist coun- tries. Churches in exile abound. The national churches of Serbia, Bulgaria, Ro- mania, and Russia are autocephalous self- headed , with their own patriarchs.

But the Ecumenical Patriarch is primus inter pares-first among equals-and his spiritu- al sway extends far beyond the confines of his church in Istanbul, which he heads as a Turkish citizen. With a dwindling flock, stripped of the last vestige of civil authority, even forbid- den to proselytize in his few Turkish parish- es, why does he remain in a Muslim city?

The Archbishop of Constantinople became head of the Byzantine Church because of his special position at the capital of the empire, he said. He is bound to this historic see. On my way out I paused by the patriarch- ate's central gate, painted black and welded shut. Here a patriarch was hanged for trea- son when the War of Greek Independence broke out in As I stepped into the teeming streets where a priest is forbidden to wear his clerical garb, I thought back on the fallen glories of Byzantium's great church, still claiming universal dominion, still cling- ing in the City of Constantine.

For betraying their faith by submitting to Rome, He withdrew His pro- tection, and their empire fell. Now Moscow moved from the periphery to the center of the Orthodox world, shining in the purity of her faith.

A third stands fast. A fourth there cannot be," ran the monkly prophecy. Rising from medieval isolation in Russi a's forested northern plains, Muscovy shook off the Mongol yoke that had crushed Kiev, overcame Novgorod and other fur-trading rivals, and pushed back Catholic Lithua- nians and Poles.

Ringed by enemies of her faith, xenophobic Moscow raised onion- domed churches and monasteries in forest clearings all the way to the inhospitable shores of the White Sea and fiercely clung to traditional rites. Ivan the Great married Sophia Paleolo- gus, niece of the last Byzantine emperor, adopted the Byzantine double-headed eagle and the title of tsar, derived from Caesar. Holy Russia became one great religious house, ever purging herself. Military cam- paigns became crusades.

The court ban- queted to sacred readings. In homes the father took on the abbot's role, wielding ab- solute power over wife, child, servant , and serf. With the clanging of Moscow's 5, church bells in their ears, visitors comment- ed on fasts, church discipline, and seven- hour standing services "severe enough to turn children's hair gray.

Inheriting the Byzantine con- viction of her destiny to rule, and suspicious of the heretical and corrupt West, Russia grew to a giant with Orthodoxy in her veins, whether she worshiped at the shrines of the Mother of God or Marx. She knew no mid- dle ground between autocracy and anarchy. The tsars are gone; the Revolution of homogenized Russian society. But even the "new" Russian, embracing a Western ideol- ogy and Western technology, cannot escape his Byzantine roots.

Ubiquitous party lead- ers' portraits are the icons of today. And the living iconostasis of officials at a review of armaments in Red Square is as precisely or- dered as the ranks of saints flanking the im- age of Christ in Zagorsk's cathedral. It is a terrible thing. The program is the idol. If one link in the chain is broken, we will not be able to grasp the end. Involved was not the writ of God , but an itinerary prepared by bureaucrats.

Yet the suggestion that it be altered to my objectives stirred the same visceral response that im- pelled thousands of Old Believers to choose death rather than change. Since claiming the Byzantine birthright, Russia has looked possessively, obsessively south. In the s she wrested from the Turks that ancient Byzantine frontier land, the Crimea. A treaty empowered her to build and protect a church in Istanbul.

She interpreted this as a protectorate over the Balkan Orthodox, many of whom saw Holy Russia as a savior. Russian Pan-Slavism in- fluenced Russian expansionism in the push toward the Mediterranean. She even hired John Paul Jones , unemployed naval hero, to command a Russian flotill a fighting in that cause in the Black Sea. The Allies prom- ised them to her upon Turkey's defeat. Then her revolution knocked Russia out of the war, scuttling that prospect.

Neither Britain nor France had wanted Russia in the Mediterranean. Six decades earlier, both had supported Turkey against Russia in the Crimean War, which put Ten- nyson's stirring "into the valley of Death rode the six hundred" on every tongue.

While in the Crimea I sought Soviet per- mission to visit that valley where the Light Brigade, those cavalrymen who were un- questioningly but to do and die, had charged. But I was not allowed to go. The Otto- mans, he said, had trouble keeping peace among Christian sects, who bloodied the shrines with their strife. In Russia's dispute with France over guardianship of Holy Land shrines came to a head. The Rus- sians based their claims on the Byzantine establishment of these shrines; the French, on their reconquest by Latin crusaders.

Riot broke out in Bethlehem's Church of the Nativity. Several Orthodox monks were killed. Tsar Nicholas, accusing the Turkish police of complicity, reasserted hi s claim that he was protector of the sultan's Ortho- dox Christian subj ects, invaded Turkey'S Danubian provinces, ordered his ships to sea, and sank a Turkish flcct in port. The specter of Russia cutting the England-to- India lifeline soon brought Britain into the war, a war which ended 17 months later with the fal l of Sevastopol.

Such luxury goods were often the exclusive monopoly of imperial workshops. Manned by 8, defenders, the walls proved invincible to the largest cannon the world had yet seen-until a lightly guarded portal offered a way in. Helena and her son Constantine, adorns a Cappodocianfresco above. According to legend, Helena- first famous Christian pilgrim to the Holy Land- not only found the Cross, but also the tomb of Christ.

Her son ordered a magntficent building raised above the Resurrection s ite; parts are lncorporated in the present-day Church of the Holy Sepulchre facing page, foreground inJerusa[em's Old City. The Dome of the Rock, background, marks the traditional site of Muhammad's ascension to heaven. Constantine's dream of a church would not survive the Orthodox split with Rome in But an Christendom a quarter of mankind, owes his empire an enduring debt for its spirit ual and civic legacy. U ziely went on.

They've heen battling in Israeli courts for years. At stake are millions of dollars of ecclesiastical properties in Israel. H In the new State of Israel, desperate for diplomatic recognition, acceded to the Soviet demand that all Russian religious holdings in Israel be turned over to its Or- thodox Church in Moscow- despite their belonging to the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia, now headquartered in New York City.

From early morning, pilgrims have fill ed the Church of the Holy Sepulchre for the cer- emony of the holy fire, to me the most exalt- ing ritual of the Eastern churches. Squeezed against a parapet amid that press of humanity, I watch black-cl ad wom- en kneel to spread oil on the Stone of Unc- tion, said to be the slab on which the body of Jesus was anointed, and press their weeping faces against it.

The thump of maces and rhythmic clap- ping and chanting draw my eyes to pha- lanxes of the faithful slowly moving around Chri st's tomb in the center of the rotunda. In the banners and gleaming vestments I see Byzantium pass in review: skull-capped Syrians, Armenians in pointed hoods, tur- baned Copts of Alexandria, G reek Ortho- dox in cylindrical bats and robes of gold and crimson and black.

Thrice circling the tomb in solemn proces- sion, the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jeru- salem pauses at its entry. He steps inside. The clamor in the rotunda fades to silence. The church is dark, the tension electric. Suddenly, I see alighted taper thrust from the tomb-the holy fire , symbolizing Christ rising from the dead. Flames leap from taper to taper until the darkness is punctured by a thousand fiery holes.

Tower bells thunder , shaking the very walls. Cries rise in a multi- tude of throats as the splintered churches of Byzantium coalesce into a single mass of be- lievers celebrating the Resurrection. Open navigation menu. Close suggestions Search Search. Skip carousel.

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I, upload Salah Zyada. Early Christian, Byzantine and Romanesque Architecture. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Salah Zyada. Eliza Georgescu. Lance Kirby. India History Resources. Round two candidates for the seat of Sel eu cie-Ctesiphon were sent to Antioch. They were. Ahadabui could escape, came to Jerusalem where he was. Qamicho or Yawicho was arrested and toge the r with his host, who was himself a local bishop,. Livre de la Tour.

Ahasverus, the Wander in g Jew. For the house of Ahasverus see: Pierotti Hermes. Ahijah, priest of the house of Eli 1 Sam 14, 3. In Shiloh, dur in g the reign of Saul, Ahijah may have been the priest. Ahijah, the Shilonite. Israelite prophet dur in g the latter part of Solomon's reign and dur in g the concurrent reigns of k in g.

Rehoboam and k in g Jeroboam. At a secret meet in g with Jeroboam, Ahijah the prophet of Shilo n tore Jeroboam's new. The k in gdom would be divided:. Adonijah expected Jeroboam to restore the ancient central sanctuary of his native town, Shiloh. But Jeroboam set up. Ahijah is said to have died a martyr's death at the hands of Abijah,. Prophetarum' claims that Ahijah is buried in Shiloh, near the oak of Shiloh. A Jewish tradition seeks the tomb of Ahijah. Ailw in us Malverniensis.

Wilhelmus Malmesb. WuIstani, c. III, n. Ai the rus, St. Ai the rus asked in. Constant in ople the help of Emperor Constant in e and built a church in Cherson. He came to Constant in ople to thank the. On the return to Cherson, Ai the rus was thrown by a storm in to the mouth of the river Danapris and the re he.

Ai the rus is mentioned with the o the r missionaries: Basil of Cherson, Ephrem of Scythia, who were sent. He is honoured. Akyl in a. She was born in Biblos Lebanon and lived dur in g the reign of Diocletian She was the daughter of.

Eutolmius, a nobleman. At the age of five, she was baptized; at the age of twelve, she in structed o the rs in the Christian. She was tortured and f in ally beheaded. The Greek liturgy has her feast on June AI-Afdal This Armenian was the son of Badr el-Jamil.

From Egypt he twice attempted to reconquer. Palest in e from the Crusaders: once in August Ascalon , a second time in Twice he failed. Monks were martyred in Palest in e in on the command of Alamundar. Their feast is on Feb 19 Martyr. Romanum, and AA. Afterwards Alamundar was baptised in , and. The AA. Cyrillus Scythop. Silentiarii, c. II, nr. Feast on July Albert of Aachen. Albert of Sarteano, Blessed, Franciscan. He was born round In he jo in ed the Franciscan Order.

From He contacted the Coptic Patriarch John of Alexandria, and so prepared the way for the r eu nion realized at the. Council of Florence in From to Albert was vicar general of the Franciscan Order. He died in Milan,. Aug 15, His cult has not been publicly approved, but he is honoured in the Franciscan Order as blessed.

Albert I, K in g of Belgium Albert and his wife, Elisabeth, visited Jerusalem privately in The visit was in the first days of April ,. The right to confer this decoration-cross. Albertus, abbas Pontidenis, and Henricus Cremonensis. They came to Palest in e before September 5. Albertus Carmelita, St falsum. He visited Palest in e in Albertus, Guillipatricius, St. They visited Palest in e round Jan 8. Albertus Senensis, St.

Slivanus Razzius, Vita S. Alberti, c. Jan 7. Albertus, St. First he was bishop of Vercelli, afterwards he became. He gave in a rule to the Order of the Carmelite Fa the rs. He was murdered in Albertus was knived by the master of the Hospital of the Holy Ghost in Acre, whom he had dismissed for his bad life.

He visited Palest in e round Nilus, Oratio in Albianum AA. Jan Alb in a. She visited Palest in e in Albright WY. It is. Aleldis, Scharembecana, Blessed. This sa in t woman of Belgium prayed for St. Louis, who was a crusader in Alempeyas Olympius , who was called Paul, was one of the 72 disciples.

He became a martyr under Nero. Alenar de Sel in gan, a Norwegian knight, at Acre round Accord in g to Jo in ville, Alenar Elenar de Sel in gan with. He was martyred under the Decian. Decius was emperor from till In Decius began the persecution. This Alexander is also called.

Alexander Acoemetus, St. He visited Palest in e before Vita, auct. Alexander, bishop, and Theodulus, martyrs. Round , Jerusalem; Dec 18 AA. Flori: Mart. Alexander, capellanus Stephani Blesensis. Petri Vivi -AA. Alexander was capellanus dur in g the. Alexander John, martyr, blessed.

This Franciscan lay bro the r was from Apulia, Italy. He went to Spa in. In ,. Both were imprisoned in Cairo. It seems that afterwards Alexander John was arrested aga in and. The Martyrologium Franciscanum has his feast on July Alexander, St.

Toge the r with Priscus and Malchus, March 28 Mart. Alexander of Caesarea, Palest in e, St. March 15, 23, Toge the r with Agapius and companions, martyred in. Probably to be identified with Alexander of Egypt, who was martyred in Alexander of Egypt. Martyred in Caesarea, Palest in e in This Alexander was from Egypt.

His feast is on March Alexander, a second Alexander, martyr Caesarea, Palest in e, in Feast day March This Alexander was from. The Ethiopian Synaxarium commemorates him on the 19th of the month Magabit. Alexander of Edessa, St. His parents married him aga in st his will; he left his bride, with her connivance, on the day. He died in Edessa after a long life as a hermit.

His life was written between The 'legendary' Alexius came to Rome where he is said to have lived 17 years under a staircase. This Alexius is the patron of the Alexian Bro the rs founded in The 'Alexius of. Rome' has his feast in the Roman Martyrology on July Holy Land , in stead of go in g to Edessa. Tentations by the demon are on the way to Jerusalem.

Gaston Paris th in ks that. Revue Belge de. Alexander of Jerusalem, St. Feast March 18 and Jan He was tra in ed in Alexandria. After becom in g bishop of an not known see in Cappadocia about , he was. In the follow in g year. Alexander was made coadjutor and later successor of the aged Narciss died , bishop of Jerusalem, both unusual.

At Jerusalem Alexander founded the library which was later used by Eusebius of. Caesarea in prepar in g his great history of the early Church. When Origen was condemned by the bishop of Alexandria,. Alexander in vited him to Jerusalem, orda in ed him, and put him in charge of the teach in g of Scripture and the ology in.

Alexander died in prison at Caesarea, Palest in e, dur in g the persecution of Decius died In Greece his. Alexander, the senator. He built the Church in honour of St. Stephen in the valley of Cedron Kidron. This Church was. Alexander, the son of Simon the Crossbearer. Mk 15, She was the wife of Emperor Diocletian , who put to death George of Lydda.

Alexandra was. Her husband, the Emperor, imprisoned her. In great anger he tried to throttle her, the n he had. She suffered martyrdom toge the r with her three servants, Apollus, Isaakius and Kodratus. The Greek. Alexius I Comnenus, Byzant in e Emperor, He was born in The arrival of the first crusade was a. He did,. Bohemund of Antioch to admit his overlordship.

SS mention Alexius on Sept 2. Ali ben Yehya al Armani. This Armenian general fought aga in st the Greeks round Al in e, Sister of Sion. She died at Eilath on Sept 20, All bl in d and paralytic, deaf and in firm who have been healed by the Lord. On April 17 in the Lectionary of Paris. All Fa the rs of the Church who assisted at the 7th oecumenial Council of Nicaea in aga in st the iconoclasts. Their memory is on the Sunday between Oct 11 and 17 in the Melkite liturgy. All Patriarchs of Jerusalem.

They are commemorated in the Anastasis-Church on Sept In the Palest in ian-Georgian. All Patriarchs of the Old Testament. All sa in tly Fa the rs of the monastery of St. Sabas: Jan 24 in the Palest in ian-Georgian calendar. All sa in ts who have given hospitality to the apostles: April 16 in the Lectionary of Paris. All Sa in ts' Day: November 1, in the Roman church. The Eastern churches have the feast on the first Sunday after.

Hierarchs, Fa the rs of the Church, bishops, martyrs and monks and hermits, sa in tly K in gs, sa in tly women. Allegra Gabriel Maria, Franciscan priest. He was born in Sicily, he died In Hong Kong He teached at Studium. Biblicum Franciscanum, Jerusalem, in The action causa for his beatification has been in troduced in Rome. Allenby, British General.

He held his formal entry in to Jerusalem through. Jerusalem capitulated on Dec 9, A bridge over the river Jordan, 8 kms east of Jericho is called Allenby Bridge. Jaffa Gate and entrance by a Christian: General Allenby entered through the Jaffa Gate, not through the breach of ,.

Throughout the ceremony no Allied flag was flown. After the reception Allenby left the city by the Jaffa Gate,. Th e photographs show in g General Allenby leav in g Jerusalem on a. Spafford -Vester B, Our Jerusalem.

Allyrius, St. Oct Al-Nimri Hanna. This priest of the Lat in rite was shot down by terrorists on February 26, , in Gaza. Alphanus, St. He is mentioned before October 9. Greek liturgy represents Alpha eu s as. Greek liturgy venerates him on May Alph eu s The fa the r of the apostle James the Less. This Alph eu s is to be dist in guished from Alpha eu s, the fa the r of. Alph eu s was also the husband of Maria Cleophas.

Alph eu s and Zaccha eu s, martyrs in Caesarea, Palest in e. Nov 17 of the first year of the persecution De Mart. On the same date, accord in g to Eusebius De Mart. Romanus was martyred in Antioch. The three. Alph eu s served as a deacon in.

Gadara, East-Jordan. He visited Jerusalem privately, dur in g a cruis in g-tour, , March 2. Alphons in e Sister of the Rosary. Soultaneh Danil Ghattas. She was born in Jerusalem. In she entered the. Congregation des So eu rs de St. Joseph de l'Apparition, as the first Palest in ian member. In she jo in ed the new. Alphons in e founded the convent at Bethlehem in She died in A in -Karem, March 25, Her visions of the.

Holy Virg in contributed to the foundation of the congregation Sisters of the Rosary. Altmannus, St. Monachus Gottwicensis, Vita S. In Palest in e in AA. Alvaro B. Dom in ican, died After his return from the Holy Land , he erected in his convent a series of chapels. Alypsios, a Jew of the Diaspora and an adversary of Paul. He is called'Hebrew' 2 Cor 11, Alypsios was from.

Amad eu s IX of Savoy, count, blessed March 30 , born in , count in Amad eu s was married to a daughter of. Charles VII, k in g of France. In Amad eu s on account of illness abdicated in favor of his wife. Amad eu s was a. He died in in Vercelli Italy. His cult as patron of Christian rulers was approved in. Amalric I, k in g of Jerusalem Amalricus, eighth patriarch of the Lat in Patriarchate of Jerusalem. Amandus Tranensis in Canonizatio S.

Nicolai, c. II, n. Amandus, St. They were in Palest in e before June Amaretch Wolzero Walulu. This lady rented land in Jericho in , she became a nun and jo in ed the Ethiopian. She died at Deir es-Sultan in Jerusalem in The rented land was bought in and a. Ambrosius of Saxano, servant of God. Dur in g 35 years he was sacristan in the Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre.

He died. Anide Michael, Abba. He was a hermit who lived in the first World War at the River Jordan near the spot,. In order to save him from the dangers of the war, the British. His tomb is at the monastery of the Ethiopians Holy. American Missionaries: cemetery on Mount Sion in Jerusalem. The plot was bought from the Greek community.

Afterwards the cemetery was bought from the American Missionaries by the Franciscan Custody. In the small. Ammonius and companions, with Dioscorus. Sept Amos, the fa the r of lsaiah, the prophet. Amos is commemorated in the Ethiopian Synaxarium on the fifth day of the. On this day Amos died.

He prophesied for fifty years and more, in the days. Amos, St. Prophet whose discourses are preserved in the Book of Amos. They were delivered in Israel dur in g the reign. A period of peace and prosperity is reflected in the book. Noth in g is known of the personal life of the prophet Amos except from his book. He is called a shepherd of Tekoa in. Judah, a shepherd and a dresser of figs.

He was not a pr of essional prophet, but he spoke in obedience to a div in e call. Some, perhaps all, of his discourses were delivered at the shr in e of Be the l, from which he was expelled by the priest. The commemoration of Amos is on March The Greeks have his memory on June The Palest in ian-. Tomb of Amos. Amos, wounded on the head,. A tomb is venerated in Tekoa one of the caves.

Hieronymus of Bethlehem visited the tomb of. Amos in Tekoa. In the 6th century Cyril of Scythopolis mentions a monastery of the holy Amos. Amos, patriarch of Jerusalem, AA. Pope Gregory the Great wrote a letter to priest Anastasius,. Amos built a church of St.

John, north of the walls of Jerusalem. This church existed in the early. Amphianus, St. Martyr April 2. He was born in the Prov in ce of Lydia dur in g the reign of Maximianus He was imprisoned for his faith by the Governor Urbanus, and f in ally drowned. De Mart. IV, 15 In. Palest in ian-Georgian calendar venerates Amphianus, toge the r with St. Theodosia on April 2. Theodosia was martyred. Amphianus and Theodosia are.

Amplias, one of the 70 disciples, bishop of Odessus-Moesia in the Greek list. Ananias, St. Martyrologium Romanum: Jan 25 the Christian disciple in Damascus. Rise and go to the street called Straight, and in quire in the house of Judas for a man of Tarsus named Saul Acts 9,. This happened about the year 36 CE. The Greek liturgy venerates Ananias on Oct 1; the Georgian liturgy on. Ananias became the first. Ananias in the fiery furnace; Aug Hegumenos in Jerusalem of the monastery, which was called Nea.

Pope Gregory the Great exhorts priest. Anastasia, nun on the Mount of Olives, round June 2. Died Tombstone 12 in Mus eu m Flagellation. He purchased in Anastasius Armenius 7th century. He mentions two Armenian convents on the 'Mount of Galilee', which means here. Anastasius, bishop of Areopolis, at Council of Ephesus in Anastasius, bishop. Three in scriptions at Jerash mention that Anastasius 6th cent decorated with silver and with. Peter and Paul at Jerash. Anastasius, bishop at Ashkelon.

A mosaic discovered at Barnea, north of Ashkelon, mentions: ' in the year , in the. Christian Era. Anastasius, St. August 17 mention: iter S. Anastasii, Interamnam , in the 6th century. Anastasius, monk of the Convent of St. Euthymius died Anastasius, patriarch of Jerusalem. Anastasius was the successor of Juvenal, who was patriarch of Jerusalem. Greek synaxaries have the feast on July 2. Anastasius, the Persian. His orig in al name was Magundot. He served in the army of Chosroas II of Persia when it.

There he was converted and adopted the name of Anastasius' the risen one'. He was. There he was arrested. He was taken to Bethsaloe on the Euphrates, where h a suffered. Anastasius, on the site 'Founta in of Salvius'. The Greek Church venerates him on Jan Anastase, came to Palest in e round Acta S.

Anastasius, priest and superior of the monastery of the Nea in Jerusalem. Anastasius was asked in a letter by Pope. Gregory the Great to abolish the amusements in his monastery and to reconcile himself with the patriarch. Anastasius S in aites, abbot. He went to Jerusalem. Then he settled at Mount S in ai, where he excelled in ascetism. He died in peace round The Greek church venerates him on. Anastasius, the Count. The entrance to the large hall.

For the in scription, see also:. She was the sister of Phot in e, the Samaritan woman Jn 4, He was the son of the Samaritan woman. Anatolus, bishop of Laodicaea, Syria. Roman Martyrology July 3 Anatolus was orda in ed bishop by Theoctetus of. Caesarea, Palest in e, in order to succeed on the see of Caesarea. Anatolus went to the Council that condemned Paul of. The synod of local bishops in Antioch condemned Paul of Samosate in , and deposed him in Anatolus returned from the council of Antioch, and was reta in ed at Laodicea and in stalled as bishop of Laodicea, Syria.

This see had become vacant through the death of his friend Eusebius. Anatole ruled his bishopric under the Emperors. Probus and Carus Anatolus died just before the persecution of Diocletian Yad Washem honoured him as a Righteous One. Andrea of the city of Achon. Salimbene 34 mentions Friar Andrea, round Andreas Chiensis, martyr by the Turks in Feb Andreas of Bologna. Andreas died in Rome round , at the Sacred Penitentiary. Andreas of Flanders.

A certa in Andreas of Flanders is mentioned about in ' Vita S. Nicolai peregr. I, II, c. Il, n. Andrew, St. Apostle, the first-called. Feast Nov 30 in the Martyr. Romanum; also Nov 30 in Greece. He was the. There are two traditions about his call: in Mk 1, 16 Andrew is called with Peter while the y are. Andrew was commonly. Accord in g to the Ethiopian Synaxarium. Takdhash 4 Andrew was hung up upon a tree and stoned to death in Ledya Lydda.

Lydda means here Lydia in. Andrew: Church of St. In Jericho the Coptic property has mosaics and Greek in scriptions of the 6th century. The church recalls probably the call of Andrew near the Jordan. Andrew: His Head. In , Pope Paul 11 solemnly deposited the relic of his head in the Vatican, close to the tomb of. Andrew, apostle and Sab in us, the priest. The lectionary of Paris has on April ' in the build in g of the Disciples, the.

Sab in us was the founder of the church. Andrew, the apostle, and Sab in us, the priest,. Andrew of Crete, the Jerusalemite. Andrew was born in Damascus round He was orda in ed clerc of the church of. Jerusalem by patriarch Theodore. Therefore Andrew is named the Jerusalemite. In he was sent to Constant in ople. He was in dicated as archbishop of Cortyne in Crete.

He died in peace on the island of Mytilene in Andrew of Melitene. The bro the r of Ga in os. Andrew was in stalled as hegumenos of the martyrium of Sa in t Menas,. James in Jerusalem. Andronicus, martyr. He is venerated in Palest in e, accord in g to the Palest in ian-Georgian calendar on June 27, July 18,. Sept 28, Oct 1, Oct Andronicus was ordered to execute Paul and his sister Juliana at Ptolemais, Palest in e, under.

Aurelian The same order was given to Acacius and to Codratus Quodratus. The three servants were. Andronicus, St. They lived in Jerusalem round Oct g - Their. Andronicus and his wife Athanasia pilgrims to Jerusalem: These lovers of God are saluted in the Ethiopian. Synaxarium on the 28th day of the month Hamle. After the death of the ir two children, Andronicus became a monk. Andronicus after 12 years made a pilgrimage to.

Jerusalem; Athanasia made the same pilgrimage. She recognized Andronicus dur in g the journey. Both returned to. Alexandria, but Abba Daniel said to Andronicus: 'Dwell in a place with the person who had been your companion. Afterwards Athanasia, who always wore the garments of a man, died. Andronicus now discovered. After a few days. Andronikus, one of the 70 disciples, bishop of Pannonia, Illyricum, accord in g to the Greek list.

Andronikus and Junius. Paul in his letter to the Romans Rom. Andronikus, toge the r with Silas, Silvanus, Crescentius, Epa in etus, all of the 70 disciples. The five are venerated by the. Anectus, St. Martyr in Caesarea, Palest in e, in He escorted the Christians to the place of suffer in g, he was the refore. First he was scourged by ten soldiers, the n his hands and his feet were cut of f,. Anga eu s, a levite. Angela Carmelitana, St.

She came to Palest in e in II-IV, n. July 6. Angela Merici, Sa in t, foundress of the Ursul in es. She was born in Desenzano, Republic of Venice, probably on March. Around , she was favoured with a vision 'Before your death, you will found a society of virg in s at. In she lived with the Patengoli family in order to console the m because of the recent death of the ir two.

In Angela undertook a pilgrimage to the Holy Land and returned in In Angela formed a group of. Immediately after her death Angela was honoured as a sa in t by the people. Angela was canonized on May 24, , and in her cult was extended to the Universal Church by Plus. Angeli ad Pastores ' the Holy Angels to the Shepherds'. The chapel at the Lat in Shepherds Field is dedicated to the. The chapel was in augurated in Canada f in anced the construction, as is in dicated by an in scription.

Angelo of Spoleto, martyr, Blessed, and his companions, In the Mart. Franciscanum we have on April 2. Afterwards Angelo visited the Holy Land. In July , he. In killed in Mauro Castro, by the Bulgars. Angelus Bonus. Ben in casa, Vita S. Raynerii, c.

XVI, n. He was in Palest in e before AA. He was born in as a son of converted. Jews in Jerusalem. He entered the Order of the Carmelites, afterwards he travelled to Sicily, where he acted as a. In Licata, Sicily, he was martyred, or , May 5. Apostle Mark as his successor in the bishopric of Alexandria. His relics were brought to Venice. He does not have a. He is the patron of the cobblers. Anicetus, papa. April He went from Palest in e to Rome to become pope.

Anna, Prophetess. And the re was a prophetess Anna, the daughter of Phanu'el, of the. She did not depart from the temple, worshipp in g with fast in g and prayer night and day. Feb 3, and on Aug 28; the Copts on Feb 2. A three l in ear mosaic. Anna, St, wife of St. Joachim and mo the r of the Holy Virg in.

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