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Hay posibilidad de que en un futuro puedan venir nuevos equipos partners para esta entrega, como paso con la SS Lazio. A estos se los conoce como equipos partner. De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre.

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Horse betting uk wiki

The first bookmaker in the United Kingdom is considered to be Harry Ogden, who opened a business in the s, although similar activities had existed in other forms earlier in the eighteenth century. Following the Gaming Act , the only gambling allowed in the United Kingdom was at race tracks. The introduction of special excursion trains meant that all classes of society could attend the new racecourses opening across the country. Cash concentrated towards the bookmakers who employed bodyguards against protection gangs operating within the vast crowds.

In , Harold Macmillan 's Conservative government legalised betting shops, with tough measures enacted to ensure that bookmakers remained honest. A large industry has grown since. At one time, there were over 15, betting shops. Now, through consolidation, they have been reduced to between 9, and 9, in Improved TV coverage and the modernisation of the law have allowed betting in shops and casinos in most countries. In the UK, on-track bookies still mark up the odds on boards beside the race course and use tic-tac or mobile telephones to communicate the odds between their staff and to other bookies, but, with the modernisation of United Kingdom bookmaking laws, online and high street gambling are at an all-time high.

A so-called super-casino had been planned for construction in Manchester , but the government announced that this plan had been scrapped on 26 February They were forced to act when research at the time found there were eight million online players worldwide. With the arrival of the World Wide Web , many bookmakers have an online brand, but independently owned bookmakers often still maintain a "bricks and mortar" only operation as the software and hardware required to operate a successful online betting operation are complex and their costs are quite prohibitive; other bookmakers operate "skins" or "white label" websites, which they purchase from one of the large firms.

The main websites require bets to be from countries where Internet gambling is allowed and from people over 18 years old. Some small bookmakers and startups purchase software from specialised white label solution providers. Since gambling products have a high conversion rate from one niche to another, most online betting websites also feature other gambling products such as poker, live dealer casino games, lottery, bingo, slots and other casino games. Controversially, the explosion in Internet gambling is being linked to a rise in gambling addiction, according to the UK's help and advice organisations for addicts, GamCare and Gamblers Anonymous.

Increasingly, online bettors are turning to the use of betting exchanges such as Betfair and BETDAQ , which automatically match back and lay bets between different bettors, thus effectively cutting out the bookmaker's traditional profit margin also called an overround. Betting exchanges compete with the traditional bookmaker. They are generally able to offer punters better odds because of their much lower overheads but also give opportunities for arbitrage , the practice of taking advantage of a price differential between two or more markets.

However, traditionally, arbitrage has always been possible by backing all outcomes with bookmakers dutching , as opposed to laying an outcome on an exchange. Exchanges, however, allow bookmakers to see the state of the market and set their odds accordingly.

With the increasing number of online betting exchanges, betting exchanges are now providing free bet offers in an attempt to lure customers away from the competition. These free bets are generally based on the size of the deposit made into the gambling account. Some bookmakers have even taken to using betting exchanges as a way of laying off unfavourable bets and thus reducing their overall exposure.

This has led to insecurity from some TABs in Australia, state-run betting agencies that attempted to deny Betfair an Australian licence by running unfavourable ads in the media regarding the company. When Tasmania granted Betfair a licence despite these efforts, the Western Australian state legislature passed a law that specifically criminalised using betting exchanges from within the state; however, the law was later ruled to be unconstitutional. As a result, internet gambling in Australia required a new legal framework.

The Interactive Gambling Act regulates the online gambling market in Australia, together with all its amendments. The last amendment was introduced on 13 September This bill states that online casinos, online poker and live betting is illegal in Australia. Online sports betting is legal, however. Bets are also taken via phones, using email and SMS text messages, [12] though poker and other sports are more suited to other media.

As technology moves on, the gambling world ensures it is a major player in new technology operations. Most televised sports in the United Kingdom and the rest of Europe are now sponsored wholly or partly by Internet and high street bookmakers, with sometimes several bookmakers and online casinos being displayed on players' shirts, advertising hoardings, stadium signs and competition event titles.

Sponsors are especially highlighted in the football category since football fans present a significant percentage of the target group the bookmakers serve. Many of the bookmakers are sponsoring some of the major football teams in the major European football leagues, [13] although Werder Bremen are currently fighting the German courts for the freedom to continue featuring bookmaker Bwin on their shirts, as Germany and France take action against online gamers.

The latest amendment of the ITG states that. New online sportsbook laws are expected in the near future in Germany, as this law is only temporary: the expiration date is set to be on 20 June The situation is not that strict in France, however. International bookmakers are allowed to enter the French market, thanks to the Law No. With the recent banning of tobacco sponsorship [17] and the significant commercial budgets available to the gaming industry, sponsorship by car manufacturers, alcoholic drinks, soft drinks and fast-food marketers is being rapidly replaced by sponsorship from gaming companies in the Far East and Europe.

This system includes new provisions for regulating the advertising of gambling products. These provisions of the Act came into effect in September It is an offence to advertise in the UK, gambling that physically takes place in a non- European Economic Area EEA or, in the case of gambling by remote means, gambling that is not regulated by the gambling laws of an EEA state.

The Gambling Commission is the body that makes sure all sites and operators follow the new restrictions. In addition to the Gambling Act of , according to the new gambling bill, online gambling sites are only allowed to offer services within the United Kingdom, if they are registered at the UK Gambling Commission. The situation is more confused in the United States, which has attempted to restrict operators of foreign gambling websites accessing their domestic market.

These horses are separated into two categories, trotters and pacers. Pacers move the legs on each side of their body in tandem, while trotters move their diagonal legs together. The latter are typically faster than the former due to the gaits used. This could cause the loss of a race or even a disqualification. Ridden trot races are more common in places such as Europe and New Zealand. These horses are trotters who race on the flat under saddle with a jockey on their backs. The length of an endurance race varies greatly.

Some are very short, only ten miles, while others can be up to one hundred miles. There are a few races that are even longer than one hundred miles and last multiple days. Contemporary organized endurance racing began in California around , and the first race marked the beginning of the Tevis Cup [25] This race was a one-hundred-mile, one-day-long ride starting in Squaw Valley , Placer County , and ending in Auburn. Founded in , the American Endurance Ride Conference was the United States' first national endurance riding association.

In most horse races, entry is restricted to certain breeds; that is, the horse must have a sire father and a dam mother who are studbook-approved individuals of whatever breed is racing. The exception to this is in Quarter Horse racing, where an Appendix Quarter Horse may be considered eligible to race against standard Quarter Horses.

The designation of "Appendix" refers to the addendum section, or Appendix, of the Official Quarter Horse registry. An Appendix Quarter Horse is a horse that has either one Quarter Horse parent and one parent of any other eligible breed such as Thoroughbred, the most common Appendix cross , two parents that are registered Appendix Quarter Horses, or one parent that is a Quarter Horse and one parent that is an Appendix Quarter Horse.

AQHA also issues a "Racing Register of Merit", which allows a horse to race on Quarter Horse tracks, but not be considered a Quarter Horse for breeding purposes unless other requirements are met. A stallion who has won many races may be put up to stud when he is retired. Artificial insemination and embryo transfer technology allowed only in some breeds has brought changes to the traditions and ease of breeding.

Pedigrees of stallions are recorded in various books and websites, such as Weatherbys Stallion Book , the Australian Stud Book and Thoroughbred Heritage. There are three founding sires that all Thoroughbreds can trace back to in the male line: the Darley Arabian , the Godolphin Arabian , and the Byerley Turk , named after their respective owners Thomas Darley , Lord Godolphin, and Captain Robert Byerly. They were taken to England, where they were mated with mares from English and imported bloodlines.

Thoroughbreds range in height, which is measured in hands a hand being four inches. Some are as small as 15 hands while others are over Thoroughbreds can travel medium distances at fast paces, requiring a balance between speed and endurance. Artificial insemination, cloning and embryo transfer are not allowed in the Thoroughbred breed. The standardbred is a breed of horse used for a variety of purposes, but they are largely bred for harness racing.

They are descended from thoroughbreds, morgans, and extinct breeds. Standardbreds are typically docile and easy to handle. They do not spook easily and are quite versatile in what they can do. They can be jumpers, dressage, and pleasure riding horses. The Arabian horse was developed by the Bedouin people of the Middle East specifically for stamina over long distances, so they could outrun their enemies. It was not until that the Arabian was introduced into the United States.

Until the formation of the Arabian Horse Registry of America in , Arabians were recorded with the Jockey Club in a separate subsection from Thoroughbreds. Arabians must be able to withstand traveling long distances at a moderate pace. They have an abundance of type I muscle fibers , enabling their muscles to work for extended periods of time. Also, the muscles of the Arabian are not nearly as massive as those of the Quarter Horse, which allow it to travel longer distances at quicker speeds.

The Arabian is primarily used today in endurance racing but is also raced over traditional race tracks in many countries. The ancestors of the Quarter Horse were prevalent in America in the early 17th century. These horses were a blend of Colonial Spanish horses crossed with English horses that were brought over in the s. The native horse and the English horse were bred together, resulting in a compact, muscular horse. At this time, they were mainly used for chores such as plowing and cattle work.

The American Quarter Horse was not recognized as an official breed until the formation of the American Quarter Horse Association in In order to be successful in racing, Quarter Horses need to be able to propel themselves forward at extremely fast sprinter speed. The Quarter Horse has much larger hind limb muscles than the Arabian, which make it less suitable for endurance racing. When Quarter Horse racing began, it was very expensive to lay a full mile of track so it was agreed that a straight track of four hundred meters, or one-quarter of a mile, would be laid instead.

There is less jockeying for position, as turns are rare, and many races end with several contestants grouped together at the wire. The track surface is similar to that of Thoroughbred racing and usually consists of dirt. Muscles are bundles of contractile fibers that are attached to bones by tendons. These bundles have different types of fibers within them, and horses have adapted over the years to produce different amounts of these fibers.

Type I muscle fibers are adapted for aerobic exercise and rely on the presence of oxygen. They are slow-twitch fibers. They allow muscles to work for longer periods of time resulting in greater endurance. Type II muscles are adapted for anaerobic exercise because they can function in the absence of oxygen. Type II-a fibers are intermediate, representing a balance between the fast-twitch fibers and the slow-twitch fibers. They allow the muscles to generate both speed and endurance. This type of fiber allows them to propel themselves forward at great speeds and maintain it for an extended distance.

Type II-b fibers are fast-twitch fibers. These fibers allow muscles to contract quickly, resulting in a great deal of power and speed. The conditioning program for the horses varies depending on the race length. Genetics, training, age, and skeletal soundness are all factors that contribute to a horse's performance. A horse's fitness plan must be coordinated properly in order to prevent injury or lameness.

If these are to occur, they may negatively affect a horse's willingness to learn. Because the skeletal system does not reach full maturity until the horse is at least four years of age, young racehorses often suffer injuries. In the United States, Thoroughbred flat races are run on surfaces of either dirt, synthetic or turf.

Other tracks offer Quarter Horse racing and Standardbred racing, on combinations of these three types of racing surfaces. Racing of other breeds, such as Arabian horse racing, is found on a limited basis. American Thoroughbred races are run at a wide variety of distances, most commonly from 5 to 12 furlongs 0.

The South Westbury section is still known as Salisbury. The first record of quarter-mile length races dated back to in Henrico County , Virginia. Each race consisted of only two horses, and they raced down the village streets and lanes. The Quarter Horse received its name from the length of the race. The American Stud Book was started in , prompting the beginning of organized horse racing in the United States. There were tracks operating in the United States by ; and in , the American Jockey Club was formed.

Belmont Park is located at the western edge of the Hempstead Plains. Its mile-and-a-half main track is the largest dirt Thoroughbred racecourse in the world, and it has the sport's largest grandstand. One of the latest major horse track opened in the United States was the Meadowlands Racetrack , opened in for Thoroughbred racing.

It is the home of the Meadowlands Cup. Other more recently opened tracks include Remington Park , Oklahoma City , opened in , and Lone Star Park in the Dallas—Fort Worth Metroplex , opened in ; the latter track hosted the prestigious Breeders' Cup series of races in The Hall of Fame honors remarkable horses, jockeys , owners, and trainers. They are all held early in the year, throughout May and the beginning of June. In recent years the Breeders' Cup races, run at the end of the year, have challenged the Triple Crown events as determiners of the three-year-old champion.

The Breeders' Cup is normally held at a different track every year; however, the and editions were both held at Churchill Downs, and , and races were held at Santa Anita Park. Keeneland , in Lexington, Kentucky, hosted the Breeders' Cup. The corresponding Standardbred event is the Breeders Crown. American betting on horse racing is sanctioned and regulated by the state where the race is located.

A takeout, or "take", is removed from each betting pool and distributed according to state law, among the state, race track and horsemen. A variety of factors affect takeout, namely location and the type of wager that is placed. Advanced Deposit Wagering is a form of gambling on the outcome of horse races in which the bettor must fund his or her account before being allowed to place bets.

ADW is often conducted online or by phone. In contrast to ADW, credit shops allow wagers without advance funding; accounts are settled at month-end. Racetrack owners, horse trainers and state governments sometimes receive a cut of ADW revenues. The most famous horse from Canada is generally considered to be Northern Dancer , who after winning the Kentucky Derby , Preakness and Queen's Plate in went on to become the most successful Thoroughbred sire of the twentieth century; his two-minute-flat Derby was the fastest on record until Secretariat in The only challenger to his title of greatest Canadian horse would be his son Nijinsky II , who is the last horse to win the English Triple Crown.

It is the only race track in North America which stages Thoroughbred and Standardbred harness meetings on the same day. There are 15 racecourses in the Czech Republic, most notably Pardubice Racecourse, where the country's most famous race, the Velka Pardubicka steeplechase , has been run since The Czech horse racing season usually starts at the beginning of April and ends sometime in November. Racing takes place mostly at weekends and there is usually one meeting on a Saturday and one on Sunday.

France has a major horse racing industry. Besides Longchamp, France's other premier flat racecourses include Chantilly and Deauville. There is also a smaller but nevertheless important jumps racing sector, with Auteil Racecourse being the best known. The sport's governing body is France Galop.

Horse racing in Great Britain is predominantly thoroughbred flat and jumps racing. It was in Great Britain in the 17th to 19th centuries that many of the sport's rules and regulations were established. The name " Derby " has since become synonymous with great races all over the world, and as such has been borrowed many times in races abroad. The Grand National is the most prominent race in British culture , watched by many people who do not normally watch or bet on horse racing at other times of the year.

The sport is regulated by the British Horseracing Authority. Despite having an ancient tradition with well-documented history, all racetracks in Greece have ceased operation due to the Greek government-debt crisis. Hungary has a long-standing horse racing tradition. The first horse racing in Pest was noted June 6, Foremost of these is Kincsem , foaled in and the most successful Thoroughbred racehorse ever, having won 54 races in 54 starts.

The country also produced Overdose , a horse who won his first 12 races, including group races in Germany and Italy, and finished fourth in the King's Stand Stakes at Royal Ascot. Ireland has a rich history of horse racing; point to pointing originated there, and even today, jump racing is more popular than racing on the flat. As a result, every year Irish horse racing fans travel in huge numbers to the highlight event of the National Hunt calendar, the Cheltenham Festival , and in recent years Irish owned or bred horses have dominated the event.

In recent years, [ when? In the six runnings of the Epsom Derby between and , Irish horses filled 20 of the first 30 placings, winning the race 5 times. Historically, Italy has been one of the leading European horse racing nations, albeit some respects behind Great Britain, Ireland, and France in size and prestige.

The late Italian horse breeder Federico Tesio was particularly notable. In recent years, however, the sport in the country has suffered a major funding crisis, culminating in its expulsion from the European Pattern. In Wassenaar in the Hague there is a grass course at Duindigt.

The industry was severely limited during the Communist era, when gambling, the major source of funding, was made illegal. Harness racing also known as trotting , is a popular sport in Sweden, with significant amounts of money wagered annually. Horse racing in Australia was founded during the early years of settlement and the industry has grown to be among the top three leading Thoroughbred racing nations of the world. In country racing, records indicate that Goulburn commenced racing in In Australia, the most famous racehorse was Phar Lap bred in New Zealand , who raced from to Phar Lap carried 9 st 12 lb In — the mare Makybe Diva bred in Great Britain became the only racehorse to ever win the Melbourne Cup three times, let alone in consecutive years.

In harness racing , Cane Smoke had wins, including 34 in a single season, Paleface Adios became a household name during the s, while Cardigan Bay , a pacing horse from New Zealand, enjoyed great success at the highest levels of American harness racing in the s.

More recently, Blacks A Fake has won four Inter Dominion Championships, making him the only horse to complete this feat in Australasia's premier harness race. In all endurance events, there are rigorous vet checks, conducted before, during and after the competition, in which the horses' welfare is of the utmost concern. Horse racing is a significant part of the New Zealand economy which in generated 1. More than 40, people were involved in some capacity in the New Zealand racing industry in In , more than one million people attended race meetings in New Zealand.

Racecourses are situated in 59 locations throughout New Zealand. During the —09 racing season 19 New Zealand bred horses won 22 Group One races around the world. The most famous New Zealand standardbred horse is probably Cardigan Bay. The Champ de Mars is situated on a prestigious avenue in Port Louis , the capital city and is the oldest racecourse in the southern hemisphere. The Mauritius Turf Club is the second oldest active turf club in the world.

Undeniably, racing is one of the most popular sports in Mauritius now attracting regular crowds of 20, people or more to the only racecourse of the island. A high level of professionalism has been attained in the organization of races over the last decades preserving the unique electrifying ambiance prevailing on race days at the Champ de Mars.

Most of the horses are imported from South Africa but some are also acquired from Australia, the United Kingdom and France. Horse racing is a popular sport in South Africa that can be traced back to The first recorded race club meeting took place five years later in The premier event, which attracts 50, people to Durban, is the Durban July Handicap , which has been run since at Greyville Racecourse. It is the largest and most prestigious event on the continent, with betting running into the hundreds of millions of Rands.

Horse racing in one form or another has been a part of Chinese culture for millennia. Horse racing was a popular pastime for the aristocracy at least by the Zhou Dynasty — 4th century B. General Tian Ji 's strategem for a horse race remains perhaps the best-known story about horse racing in that period. In the 18th and 19th centuries, horse racing and equestrian sports in China was dominated by Mongol influences.

Thoroughbred horse racing came to China with British settlements in the middle s and most notably centered around the treaty ports, including the two major race courses in Shanghai , the Shanghai Racecourse and the International Recreation Grounds in Kiang-wan , and the racecourses of Tianjin.

See below. Horse racing was banned in the Republic of China from , and the People's Republic of China maintained the ban after , although allowances were made for ethnic minority peoples for whom horse sports are a cultural tradition. The longer race led to deaths and injuries to participating horses in both and the 11th National Games in Also, with the entry into the sport of Han majority provinces such as Hubei , which are better funded and used Western, rather than traditional, breeding and training techniques, meant that the original purpose of the event to foster traditional horse racing for groups like the Mongols was at risk of being usurped.

At the National Games, Hubei won both the gold and silver medals, with Inner Mongolia winning bronze. As a result of these factors, the event was abolished for the 12th National Games in Club horse racing reappeared on a small scale in the s. In , the China Speed Horse Race Open in Wuhan was organized as the qualification round for the speed horse race event at the National Games the next year, but was also seen by commentators as a step towards legalizing both horse racing and gambling on the races.

Almost all Chinese trainers and jockeys stabled in Wuhan. However, with the demise of the event at the National Games and the government not relenting from the ban on commercial racing, various racecourses built in recent years are all in a state of disuse: The Nanjing Racecourse, which previously hosted National Games equestrian events, is now used as a car park; [77] the Beijing Jockey Club was shut down in The racecourse in Inner Mongolia has not been active after Horse racing eventually returned to mainland China on the year as the one-day, five-card event for foreign horses, trainers and jockeys.

The British tradition of horse racing left its mark with the creation of one of the most important entertainment and gambling institutions in Hong Kong. Established as the Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club in , the non-profit organization conducts nearly races every season at the two race tracks: in Happy Valley and Sha Tin. All horses are imported since there is no breeding operation.

Off-track betting is available from overseas bookmakers. In the s, the Hong Kong Jockey Club had race meetings for visitors already. Visitors were divided into public and member. The charges for these two types of visitors are different. It donates all its profits to the Hong Kong government, charities and public institutions. In economic terms, the Hong Kong Jockey Club is an old-fashioned government-protected monopoly; all other forms of gambling are illegal in this industry.

Sweepstakes were introduced in Hong Kong during the s. Special Cash Sweeps were at first drawn twice a year, and increased to three times a year later given its popularity. It carried the highest prize money amongst three types of sweepstakes.

The Last Race Sweep commanded higher prize money then Ordinary Cash Sweeps, which were drawn for almost every race and therefore carried the lowest prize money. Sweepstakes could be purchased either at sweepstakes stations or from sweepstakes vendor throughout Hong Kong.

With different number print on each sweepstake, one sweepstake is drawn and assigned, for each horse participating in the race, and the sweepstake attached to the winning horse would win the first prize. Likewise, the number of the first runner-up and second runner-up would win the second and third prize, respectively, with the rest winning consolation prizes.

With introduction of new bet types in horse racing and the launch of Mark Six lottery in the s, the club finally stop selling sweepstakes in Jockey Club of Macau was established for harness racing. It started to conduct horse races in India's first racecourse was set up in Madras in Today India has nine racetracks operated by seven racing authorities. Between them they conduct more than 21, horse races a year. The JRA is responsible for 'Chuo Keiba' meaning 'central horse racing' , taking place on the ten main Japanese tracks.

Racing in Japan is mainly flat racing , but Japan also has jump racing and a sled-pulling race known as Ban'ei also called Draft Racing.

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This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Which Bookie. Retrieved Categories : Horse racing Wagering Gambling stubs. Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from September All articles needing additional references All stub articles. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file.

Download as PDF Printable version. Add links. This gambling -related article is a stub. In a sense, a win bet can be thought of as a specific type of wheel bet. Vertical bets are spread over different races. A daily double is an exotic wager placed on the winner of two consecutive races. Picking the winner of three, four, five or six straight races is referred to as a pick-3 , pick-4 , pick-5 and pick-6 respectively.

In addition to traditional betting with a bookmaker, punters bettors are able to both back and lay money on an online betting exchange. Punters who lay the odds are in effect acting as a bookmaker. The odds of a horse are set by the market conditions of the betting exchange which is dictated to by the activity of the members.

By the late 19th century over tracks were in operation in the country but those opposed to gambling caused the banning of bookmakers and horse racing at the beginning of the next century. In pari-mutuel tote betting was introduced, helping the industry to prosper and that has continued to be the case to the present day. Pari-mutuel betting is currently legal in 32 US states. Due to new legislation horse race betting in the US could change significantly in the near future.

Hong Kong generates the largest horse racing revenue in the world and is home to some of the largest horse betting circles including the Hong Kong Jockey Club founded in Betting on horse racing is ingrained in local culture and is seen as an investment.

The revenue the club generate from various wagers makes it the largest taxpayer for the government. A government survey in found that nearly one million Australians 5. Horse race betting in New South Wales NSW is conducted by bookmakers at race meetings and via telephone and Tabcorp tote betting at racecourses and through various retail outlets including the internet. Betting on horse racing in the UK is wide and varied. In there were 8. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Main article: Glossary of bets offered by UK bookmakers. Anderson; Ian S. Blackshaw; Robert C. Siekmann; Janwillem Soek 28 October Sports Betting: Law and Policy. National Thoroughbred Racing Association. Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved The Art of Manliness. Win So Much Money at the Racetrack". Raceform Limited. South China Morning Post.

Australian Institute of Family Studies. Australian Gambling Research Centre See: Gambling games. Gambling mathematics Mathematics of bookmaking Poker probability. See: Gambling terminology. Casino game Game of chance Game of skill List of bets Problem gambling.

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In the United Kingdom, Ireland, [1] Australia and New Zealand, a betting shop is a shop away from a racecourse "off-course" where one can legally place bets in person with a licensed bookmaker.

Horse betting uk wiki Methuen Publishing. Main article: Problem gambling. If these are to occur, they may negatively affect a horse's willingness to learn. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Horse races vary widely in format and many countries have developed their own particular traditions around the sport.
Quadrella betting calculator paddy Main article: List of British racecourses. The introduction horse betting uk wiki special excursion trains meant that all classes of society could attend the new racecourses opening across the country. Hockey tips betting are three founding sires that all Thoroughbreds can trace back to in the male line: the Darley Arabianthe Godolphin Arabianand the Byerley Turknamed after their respective owners Thomas DarleyLord Godolphin, and Captain Robert Byerly. There are over 1, betting shops located in London. In — the mare Makybe Diva bred in Great Britain became the only racehorse to ever win the Melbourne Cup three times, let alone in consecutive years.
Melbourne cup betting specials at pizza Founded inthe American Endurance Ride Conference was the United States' first national endurance riding association. Under their auspices horse betting online in ny magazine Derby horse betting uk wiki Oaks were established at Epsominspired by the St Leger and the growing popularity of shorter races, for younger horses. Unlike card games, there were no angry losers. Local elites were often hostile, because of distrust of the government and concerns about the immorality of gambling. Within and only within the turf clubs, betting on horse racing is a legal form of gambling. Other countrywide lotteries do exist, but work by dividing the prizes and stakes strictly on a geographical basis into small areas and thus technically not becoming a national lottery.
Motor sport betting Races were horse betting uk wiki generally for mature horses, and were typically run in matches, or in best-of-three heats over long distances. Under the Betting Levy Act the board was reconstituted as the Horserace Totalisator Board the Totewith responsibility for the redistribution of funds to racing transferred to the Horserace Betting Levy Board. Established as the Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club inthe non-profit organization conducts nearly races every season at the two race tracks: in Happy Valley and Sha Tin. Betting is taxed under the authority of various acts of Parliament. Hungary has a long-standing horse racing tradition. Bookmakers Near Me.
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Horse racing has a long and distinguished history and has been practised in civilisations across the world since ancient times. Chariot racing was one of the most popular ancient Greek , Roman and Byzantine sports.

Both chariot and mounted horse racing were events in the ancient Greek Olympics by BC [6] and were important in the other Panhellenic Games. It continued although chariot racing was often dangerous to both driver and horse, which frequently suffered serious injury and even death.

In the Roman Empire , chariot and mounted horse racing were major industries. In later times, Thoroughbred racing became, and remains, popular with aristocrats and royalty of British society, earning it the title "Sport of Kings". Historically, equestrians honed their skills through games and races. Equestrian sports provided entertainment for crowds and displayed the excellent horsemanship needed in battle. Horse racing of all types evolved from impromptu competitions between riders or drivers.

The various forms of competition, requiring demanding and specialized skills from both horse and rider, resulted in the systematic development of specialized breeds and equipment for each sport. The popularity of equestrian sports through the centuries has resulted in the preservation of skills that would otherwise have disappeared after horses stopped being used in combat.

In Britain, horse racing became well-established in the 18th century. It continued to grow in popularity throughout the 18th and beyond. King Charles II reigned to was an avid sportsman who gave Newmarket its prominence. By the Jockey Club was formed to control the Newmarket races, set the rules of the game, prevent dishonesty, and making for a level field. The five classic races began with the St Leger Stakes in The system was complete in with five annual races.

The system of wagering was essential to the funding and the growth of the industry, and all classes participated from the poor to royalty. High society was in control, and they made a special effort to keep the riff-raff out and the criminal element away from the wagering.

With real money at stake, the system needed skilled jockeys, trainers, grooms, and experts at breeding, thereby opening new prestigious careers for working-class rural men. Every young ambitious stable boy could dream of making it big. Horse racing is one of the few sports that has continued during the COVID crisis, [13] with Australian and Hong Kong the two main racing jurisdictions to carry on, albeit with no crowds.

Different breeds of horses have developed that excel in each of the specific disciplines. Light cold blood horses, such as Finnhorses and Scandinavian coldblood trotter are also used in harness racing within their respective geographical areas. There also are races for ponies: both flat and jump [16] and harness racing. Flat racing is the most common form of racing seen worldwide. Flat racing tracks are typically oval in shape and are generally level, although in Great Britain and Ireland there is much greater variation, including a figure of eight tracks like Windsor and tracks with often severe gradients and changes of camber, such as Epsom Racecourse.

Track surfaces vary, with turf most common in Europe and dirt more common in North America and Asia. Newly designed synthetic surfaces, such as Polytrack or Tapeta , are seen at some tracks. Short races are generally referred to as "sprints", while longer races are known as "routes" in the United States or "staying races" in Europe. Although fast acceleration "a turn of foot" is usually required to win either type of race, in general sprints are seen as a test of speed, while long-distance races are seen as a test of stamina.

The most prestigious flat races in the world, such as the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe , Melbourne Cup , Japan Cup , Epsom Derby , Kentucky Derby and Dubai World Cup , are run over distances in the middle of this range and are seen as tests of both speed and stamina to some extent. In the most prestigious races, horses are generally allocated the same weight to carry for fairness, with allowances given to younger horses and female horses running against males.

These races are called conditions races and offer the biggest purses. There is another category of races called handicap races where each horse is assigned a different weight to carry based on its ability. Jump or jumps racing in Great Britain and Ireland is known as National Hunt racing although, confusingly, National Hunt racing also includes flat races taking place at jumps meetings; these are known as National Hunt flat races.

Jump racing can be subdivided into steeplechasing and hurdling , according to the type and size of obstacles being jumped. The word "steeplechasing" can also refer collectively to any type of jump race in certain racing jurisdictions, particularly in the United States. Typically, horses progress to bigger obstacles and longer distances as they get older, so that a European jumps horse will tend to start in National Hunt flat races as a juvenile, move on to hurdling after a year or so, and then, if thought capable, move on to steeplechasing.

A type of racing where horses go around a track while pulling a sulky and a driver behind them. In this sport, Standardbreds are used. These horses are separated into two categories, trotters and pacers. Pacers move the legs on each side of their body in tandem, while trotters move their diagonal legs together. The latter are typically faster than the former due to the gaits used. This could cause the loss of a race or even a disqualification.

Ridden trot races are more common in places such as Europe and New Zealand. These horses are trotters who race on the flat under saddle with a jockey on their backs. The length of an endurance race varies greatly. Some are very short, only ten miles, while others can be up to one hundred miles. There are a few races that are even longer than one hundred miles and last multiple days. Contemporary organized endurance racing began in California around , and the first race marked the beginning of the Tevis Cup [25] This race was a one-hundred-mile, one-day-long ride starting in Squaw Valley , Placer County , and ending in Auburn.

Founded in , the American Endurance Ride Conference was the United States' first national endurance riding association. In most horse races, entry is restricted to certain breeds; that is, the horse must have a sire father and a dam mother who are studbook-approved individuals of whatever breed is racing. The exception to this is in Quarter Horse racing, where an Appendix Quarter Horse may be considered eligible to race against standard Quarter Horses.

The designation of "Appendix" refers to the addendum section, or Appendix, of the Official Quarter Horse registry. An Appendix Quarter Horse is a horse that has either one Quarter Horse parent and one parent of any other eligible breed such as Thoroughbred, the most common Appendix cross , two parents that are registered Appendix Quarter Horses, or one parent that is a Quarter Horse and one parent that is an Appendix Quarter Horse. AQHA also issues a "Racing Register of Merit", which allows a horse to race on Quarter Horse tracks, but not be considered a Quarter Horse for breeding purposes unless other requirements are met.

A stallion who has won many races may be put up to stud when he is retired. Artificial insemination and embryo transfer technology allowed only in some breeds has brought changes to the traditions and ease of breeding. Pedigrees of stallions are recorded in various books and websites, such as Weatherbys Stallion Book , the Australian Stud Book and Thoroughbred Heritage. There are three founding sires that all Thoroughbreds can trace back to in the male line: the Darley Arabian , the Godolphin Arabian , and the Byerley Turk , named after their respective owners Thomas Darley , Lord Godolphin, and Captain Robert Byerly.

They were taken to England, where they were mated with mares from English and imported bloodlines. Thoroughbreds range in height, which is measured in hands a hand being four inches. Some are as small as 15 hands while others are over Thoroughbreds can travel medium distances at fast paces, requiring a balance between speed and endurance.

Artificial insemination, cloning and embryo transfer are not allowed in the Thoroughbred breed. The standardbred is a breed of horse used for a variety of purposes, but they are largely bred for harness racing. They are descended from thoroughbreds, morgans, and extinct breeds. Standardbreds are typically docile and easy to handle. They do not spook easily and are quite versatile in what they can do.

They can be jumpers, dressage, and pleasure riding horses. The Arabian horse was developed by the Bedouin people of the Middle East specifically for stamina over long distances, so they could outrun their enemies. It was not until that the Arabian was introduced into the United States.

Until the formation of the Arabian Horse Registry of America in , Arabians were recorded with the Jockey Club in a separate subsection from Thoroughbreds. Arabians must be able to withstand traveling long distances at a moderate pace. They have an abundance of type I muscle fibers , enabling their muscles to work for extended periods of time. Also, the muscles of the Arabian are not nearly as massive as those of the Quarter Horse, which allow it to travel longer distances at quicker speeds.

The Arabian is primarily used today in endurance racing but is also raced over traditional race tracks in many countries. The ancestors of the Quarter Horse were prevalent in America in the early 17th century. These horses were a blend of Colonial Spanish horses crossed with English horses that were brought over in the s. The native horse and the English horse were bred together, resulting in a compact, muscular horse. At this time, they were mainly used for chores such as plowing and cattle work.

The American Quarter Horse was not recognized as an official breed until the formation of the American Quarter Horse Association in In order to be successful in racing, Quarter Horses need to be able to propel themselves forward at extremely fast sprinter speed. The Quarter Horse has much larger hind limb muscles than the Arabian, which make it less suitable for endurance racing.

When Quarter Horse racing began, it was very expensive to lay a full mile of track so it was agreed that a straight track of four hundred meters, or one-quarter of a mile, would be laid instead. There is less jockeying for position, as turns are rare, and many races end with several contestants grouped together at the wire.

The track surface is similar to that of Thoroughbred racing and usually consists of dirt. Muscles are bundles of contractile fibers that are attached to bones by tendons. These bundles have different types of fibers within them, and horses have adapted over the years to produce different amounts of these fibers. Type I muscle fibers are adapted for aerobic exercise and rely on the presence of oxygen. They are slow-twitch fibers. They allow muscles to work for longer periods of time resulting in greater endurance.

Type II muscles are adapted for anaerobic exercise because they can function in the absence of oxygen. Type II-a fibers are intermediate, representing a balance between the fast-twitch fibers and the slow-twitch fibers. They allow the muscles to generate both speed and endurance. This type of fiber allows them to propel themselves forward at great speeds and maintain it for an extended distance.

Type II-b fibers are fast-twitch fibers. These fibers allow muscles to contract quickly, resulting in a great deal of power and speed. The conditioning program for the horses varies depending on the race length. Genetics, training, age, and skeletal soundness are all factors that contribute to a horse's performance. A horse's fitness plan must be coordinated properly in order to prevent injury or lameness. If these are to occur, they may negatively affect a horse's willingness to learn.

Because the skeletal system does not reach full maturity until the horse is at least four years of age, young racehorses often suffer injuries. In the United States, Thoroughbred flat races are run on surfaces of either dirt, synthetic or turf. Other tracks offer Quarter Horse racing and Standardbred racing, on combinations of these three types of racing surfaces. Racing of other breeds, such as Arabian horse racing, is found on a limited basis.

American Thoroughbred races are run at a wide variety of distances, most commonly from 5 to 12 furlongs 0. The South Westbury section is still known as Salisbury. The first record of quarter-mile length races dated back to in Henrico County , Virginia. Each race consisted of only two horses, and they raced down the village streets and lanes. The Quarter Horse received its name from the length of the race. The American Stud Book was started in , prompting the beginning of organized horse racing in the United States.

There were tracks operating in the United States by ; and in , the American Jockey Club was formed. Belmont Park is located at the western edge of the Hempstead Plains. Its mile-and-a-half main track is the largest dirt Thoroughbred racecourse in the world, and it has the sport's largest grandstand.

One of the latest major horse track opened in the United States was the Meadowlands Racetrack , opened in for Thoroughbred racing. It is the home of the Meadowlands Cup. Other more recently opened tracks include Remington Park , Oklahoma City , opened in , and Lone Star Park in the Dallas—Fort Worth Metroplex , opened in ; the latter track hosted the prestigious Breeders' Cup series of races in The Hall of Fame honors remarkable horses, jockeys , owners, and trainers. They are all held early in the year, throughout May and the beginning of June.

In recent years the Breeders' Cup races, run at the end of the year, have challenged the Triple Crown events as determiners of the three-year-old champion. The Breeders' Cup is normally held at a different track every year; however, the and editions were both held at Churchill Downs, and , and races were held at Santa Anita Park. Keeneland , in Lexington, Kentucky, hosted the Breeders' Cup. The corresponding Standardbred event is the Breeders Crown. American betting on horse racing is sanctioned and regulated by the state where the race is located.

A takeout, or "take", is removed from each betting pool and distributed according to state law, among the state, race track and horsemen. A variety of factors affect takeout, namely location and the type of wager that is placed. Advanced Deposit Wagering is a form of gambling on the outcome of horse races in which the bettor must fund his or her account before being allowed to place bets.

ADW is often conducted online or by phone. In contrast to ADW, credit shops allow wagers without advance funding; accounts are settled at month-end. Racetrack owners, horse trainers and state governments sometimes receive a cut of ADW revenues.

The most famous horse from Canada is generally considered to be Northern Dancer , who after winning the Kentucky Derby , Preakness and Queen's Plate in went on to become the most successful Thoroughbred sire of the twentieth century; his two-minute-flat Derby was the fastest on record until Secretariat in The only challenger to his title of greatest Canadian horse would be his son Nijinsky II , who is the last horse to win the English Triple Crown.

It is the only race track in North America which stages Thoroughbred and Standardbred harness meetings on the same day. There are 15 racecourses in the Czech Republic, most notably Pardubice Racecourse, where the country's most famous race, the Velka Pardubicka steeplechase , has been run since The Czech horse racing season usually starts at the beginning of April and ends sometime in November.

Racing takes place mostly at weekends and there is usually one meeting on a Saturday and one on Sunday. France has a major horse racing industry. Besides Longchamp, France's other premier flat racecourses include Chantilly and Deauville. There is also a smaller but nevertheless important jumps racing sector, with Auteil Racecourse being the best known.

The sport's governing body is France Galop. Horse racing in Great Britain is predominantly thoroughbred flat and jumps racing. It was in Great Britain in the 17th to 19th centuries that many of the sport's rules and regulations were established. The name " Derby " has since become synonymous with great races all over the world, and as such has been borrowed many times in races abroad.

The Grand National is the most prominent race in British culture , watched by many people who do not normally watch or bet on horse racing at other times of the year. The sport is regulated by the British Horseracing Authority. Despite having an ancient tradition with well-documented history, all racetracks in Greece have ceased operation due to the Greek government-debt crisis.

Hungary has a long-standing horse racing tradition. The first horse racing in Pest was noted June 6, Foremost of these is Kincsem , foaled in and the most successful Thoroughbred racehorse ever, having won 54 races in 54 starts. The country also produced Overdose , a horse who won his first 12 races, including group races in Germany and Italy, and finished fourth in the King's Stand Stakes at Royal Ascot. Ireland has a rich history of horse racing; point to pointing originated there, and even today, jump racing is more popular than racing on the flat.

As a result, every year Irish horse racing fans travel in huge numbers to the highlight event of the National Hunt calendar, the Cheltenham Festival , and in recent years Irish owned or bred horses have dominated the event. In recent years, [ when? In the six runnings of the Epsom Derby between and , Irish horses filled 20 of the first 30 placings, winning the race 5 times. Historically, Italy has been one of the leading European horse racing nations, albeit some respects behind Great Britain, Ireland, and France in size and prestige.

The late Italian horse breeder Federico Tesio was particularly notable. In recent years, however, the sport in the country has suffered a major funding crisis, culminating in its expulsion from the European Pattern. In Wassenaar in the Hague there is a grass course at Duindigt.

The industry was severely limited during the Communist era, when gambling, the major source of funding, was made illegal. Harness racing also known as trotting , is a popular sport in Sweden, with significant amounts of money wagered annually. Horse racing in Australia was founded during the early years of settlement and the industry has grown to be among the top three leading Thoroughbred racing nations of the world.

In country racing, records indicate that Goulburn commenced racing in In Australia, the most famous racehorse was Phar Lap bred in New Zealand , who raced from to Phar Lap carried 9 st 12 lb In — the mare Makybe Diva bred in Great Britain became the only racehorse to ever win the Melbourne Cup three times, let alone in consecutive years.

In harness racing , Cane Smoke had wins, including 34 in a single season, Paleface Adios became a household name during the s, while Cardigan Bay , a pacing horse from New Zealand, enjoyed great success at the highest levels of American harness racing in the s. More recently, Blacks A Fake has won four Inter Dominion Championships, making him the only horse to complete this feat in Australasia's premier harness race. In all endurance events, there are rigorous vet checks, conducted before, during and after the competition, in which the horses' welfare is of the utmost concern.

Horse racing is a significant part of the New Zealand economy which in generated 1. More than 40, people were involved in some capacity in the New Zealand racing industry in In , more than one million people attended race meetings in New Zealand. Racecourses are situated in 59 locations throughout New Zealand. During the —09 racing season 19 New Zealand bred horses won 22 Group One races around the world. The most famous New Zealand standardbred horse is probably Cardigan Bay. The Champ de Mars is situated on a prestigious avenue in Port Louis , the capital city and is the oldest racecourse in the southern hemisphere.

The Mauritius Turf Club is the second oldest active turf club in the world. Undeniably, racing is one of the most popular sports in Mauritius now attracting regular crowds of 20, people or more to the only racecourse of the island. A high level of professionalism has been attained in the organization of races over the last decades preserving the unique electrifying ambiance prevailing on race days at the Champ de Mars.

Most of the horses are imported from South Africa but some are also acquired from Australia, the United Kingdom and France. Horse racing is a popular sport in South Africa that can be traced back to The first recorded race club meeting took place five years later in The premier event, which attracts 50, people to Durban, is the Durban July Handicap , which has been run since at Greyville Racecourse.

It is the largest and most prestigious event on the continent, with betting running into the hundreds of millions of Rands. Whilst having plenty of options wager is wonderful for experienced punters, those new to online betting are sometimes unsure where to begin. Our assessment criteria for choosing the leaders in this field is two-fold. Firstly, we only chose from horse racing betting sites which hold a valid UK Gambling Commission licence, in addition to having a safe and secure site for punters, plus a good choice of payment options and fast withdrawals.

From the bookmakers left, we closely examined what exactly they offer the UK horse racing betting public. So, we looked at the welcome bonuses new customers receive, promotions, the range of markets on offer and the all-important odds they give us. From our comprehensive research, we are confident that our list provides you with the best horse racing betting sites in the UK.

Horse bettors that came from US or Australia should compare the dedicated bookmakers and offers. In the USA, there are specific bookmakers for betting, if you are looking for horse race betting in New Jersey you should have a look at our exclusive site. In Australia you can find some bookmakers that are also in the UK, but they have specific offers and terms and conditions. Each of the bookies on our list of the best horse racing betting sites have good welcome offers open to brand new customers from the UK.

The reason William Hill pipped our vote was because the qualifying bet at BetVictor is 2. This provides a good opportunity for both new and experienced punters to make some early profits if you back the right horses.

Based on horse racing coverage, we have given the best sportsbook title to Ladbrokes; however, both Coral and William Hill also deliver a very strong product in this area. At Ladbrokes, you can bet on all UK and Ireland races — as well as watch them all live, too. In terms of betting, Ladbrokes offers Tote betting Scoop 6, Jackpot, QuadPot and PlacePot as well as its own markets including; win, each way, forecast, tricast, to finish second and to finish third.

Ladbrokes win the day for the best horse racing betting sites mobile app. The app offers everything UK horse racing punters will ever need. It has the same excellent coverage that is found on the desktop platform, meaning you have access to both Tote and Ladbrokes betting markets, live streaming to your phone or tablet of every UK and Ireland horse race, form guides, expert tips and more.

To be honest, there is little to separate the top horse racing betting sites in terms of odds and with most of the top bookies offering the guaranteed best odds you can throw a blanket over the different odds from one bookmaker to another. Yes, it is if you choose a trusted and reputable bookmaker which holds an online gambling licence from a respected governing body.

This is why we recommend using the sites on this page; however, if you wish to join any other, please check its credentials beforehand. You are indeed able to set a betting limit. To do this contact customer support and they will direct you as to how to set this up on your account.

Australian punters love to wager on the Melbourne Cup, which takes place every year. You should definitely read up about Melbourne Cup betting. If you are looking for the list of all the UK events go in our the horse betting guide. What are the best horse racing betting sites in the UK?

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