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Hay posibilidad de que en un futuro puedan venir nuevos equipos partners para esta entrega, como paso con la SS Lazio. A estos se los conoce como equipos partner. De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre.

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The letters 'B' and 'S' before the dollar amounts at the top of the ticket represent the words 'Big' and 'Small'. The second ticket is from the old Bukit Timah racecourse in Singapore. Admission tickets to the racecourse were sold from an adapted Racecourse Totalisators machine. The same machines were used by Gippsland Regional Totalisators in Victoria in the 's. Kranji has since replaced Bukit Timah as Singapore's racecourse. And Chris wrote the following about the J22 and J25 terminals in Australia: The J25 was capable of a greater variety of betting options than other Australian terminals.

The system kept being reprogrammed to meet the demands of the high end punters. In the end there was no limit to the number of selections that could be included in a multiple trifecta. The development of one and two selection roving banker trifectas was a game changer. It was way ahead of the capability of Sydney's AWA system.

But the J25 did have one serious weakness. The robust J22 tickets were read more quickly than the thinner J25 ones. There were also fewer retries or manual keying payouts required with the J Yes, as implied by Chris' first paragraph above, ATL produced Lottery systems during the computer era. Webmasters comment: I recall a trip to Singapore to assist with a Totalisator demonstration to be conducted on Digital Equipment Corporation's premises. We organised a taxi on the day of the demonstration, the Research and Development Manager, Phil White sat in the front and the Marketing Manager John Pickering and myself sat in the back.

This was met by silence and an expressionless face. The taxi driver could not speak English and did not recognise the suburb. He tried neighbouring suburbs and roads near the destination without any response. He remembered a large hospital across the road from our destination however after naming it, the driver's expressionless face and silence persisted. Surprisingly the name Ferrari did not solicit any recognition. The taxi driver's head swung around, his eyes ablaze he exclaimed "Ah you want go Digital"!

I don't think John or I had laughed so much in a very long time. Both Clubs installed their systems late in Each Club has installed the PDP 11 Computer Totalisator System which is handling its present totalisator turnover speedily and reliably. A new betting Pool was introduced with the installation of their computer totes.

Betting requirements are 14 starters, Win , Place , Quinella and Doubles. The computer systems at San Lazaro and Santa Ana have both been expanded since their initial installation. Both clubs have a projected plan of growth which is ideally catered for by the modular expansion concept of the A. Both clubs are associates of A. L from as far back as when the company installed the first totalisator equipment in the Philippines.

New equipment was installed at both Courses soon after the war ended, as popularity of racing widened, the equipment of the club has been continually updated to handle new pools and increased betting turnover. With the installation of computer totes, the clubs have further expanded their facilities and are both in a unique position to meet the growing demands of the Philippines racing public.

Webmaster's note - May , I have just returned from an installation in Manila, where I heard the following story from John Pickering. During the Japanese occupation, he was released from internment during the week ends, so that he could operate the totalisator system. He lived the rest of his life in the Philippines, never returning to live in Australia. He did visit the Johnson family in Sydney after WW2. He was virtually adopted by the Manila Jockey Club, which looked after him in his old age and treated him like a member of their family until he passed away.

Evidently the needs for a tote transcend the dictates of war! Nice to hear that Doug's efforts were both appreciated and rewarded by the jockey club. On 26th December , John Pickering wrote: I met Doug in Manila a few times and in fact, I went to his house during one visit for a baked leg of lamb dinner.

On 27th December , Neville Mitchell wrote the following memory of Doug Nichol: In Manilla I was shown the spare parts stores at one of the clubs, I was told that it had been set up by Doug Nichol many years before. Every spare part was located in large drawers that had separators to isolate each part and make location very easy it also allowed for instant check on what had been used and needed replacing.

There are strings of unexpected events recorded in his documentation of these globe trotting projects. Following are three comments extracted from Rex's documentation of this project in Manila, which took place in A unique method of cabling was adopted, a wire cage hanging from the ceiling was used to prevent rats from gnawing the plastic. Only time will tell if this way prevents the problem from recurring. A priest was coming to bless the Totalisator.

The system was live with several of the cabinet drawers open. I was astounded, he was actually splashing holy water into the electronics. Nothing blew up! General knowledge of electronics and in particular computers did not exist during this era.

I had a similar situation in Brisbane, on a race-day when the minicomputer based totalisator system was in operation and reaching temperatures where component failures could be expected. This was due to a struggling air conditioning system and the ATL branch manager started repeatedly shouting hose it down! Rex's third comment follows: The supply voltage in Manila is always fickle and failed on race day.

I had placed the Standby Generator close to the Totalisator room. I was aware it would be noisy and had an exhaust enclosure fitted with egg cartons on the side walls to minimise the noise. I am unsure why there was considerable smoke being generated and it lay in a dormant cloud, indicative of oil in the diesel possibly.

It needed further study. Nevertheless it was another successful day. Melbourne Extract from ATL booklet The Computer Tote Melbourne , Australia's financial capital and home of its richest horse race, the Melbourne Cup , is the first city in the southern Hemisphere to have its racecourses, tracks and paceways served by a mobile computer totalisator system. L has designed a comprehensive Mobile Computer Unit which handles the complete on-course betting operations of the seven turf, trotting and greyhound venues which serve the Melbourne metropolitan area.

Like A. L's PDP 11 fixed totalisator installations, described herein on other pages, the mobile computer tote unit will be capable of meeting future growth requirements of the network of racing clubs it will serve. The revolutionary new mobile and interchangeable electronic totalisator system for Melbourne comprises 2 Mobile Computer Units, each van being identical and containing 2 computers.

As well as providing increased benefits for existing Pools the new computer tote enables the introduction of automated Trio betting to Australian racetracks. Trio is the selection of the first three horses in one race. Each mobile unit is capable of providing betting accommodation for Win , Place , Quinella , Doubles and Trio for up to 24 starters. A smaller version of the mobile computer tote unit has been successfully introduced to the Hawke Bay circuit in New Zealand.

In the Club moved to its present site and an additional property was purchased in the late 's to add to the existing area. Mornington is some odd miles from Melbourne and is situated on the shores of Port Phillip Bay. The army occupied the course in at the outbreak of World War 2 to use as a signals depot and handed it back to the club in Ansett called a meeting at the Federal Hotel, Melbourne to reform the club and the first race meeting was held on 4th December, At this meeting Sir Reginald was appointed as Chairman of the Club, a position he still holds.

The Club now claims to have the best country Racecourse in Victoria and it is renowned for its beautiful lawns and gardens and shady trees that give a lovely picnic feeling which adds to the days outing. The years feature race is the Mornington Cup run in February over 2, metres. Trio, Doubles and Quinella are sold at the red windows and Win and Place - Doubles and Quinellas at the green windows. The Club has the largest membership of any country club in Victoria.

The highlight of a recent meeting held on the 18th January was the visit of the champion racehorse Reckless. Sydney races. Since the Club has run steeplechases over the unique figure 8 course where the horses race across the centre of the course. Extracts from Sandown Park - Tote Topics Autumn It is interesting to interview the only lady manager of a greyhound racing club in Australia and maybe world wide. Mrs Marg Scarlett has all the enthusiasm and energy to run and promote the sport. The Club's Contest Conditions Were As Follows - If you are young and in love and wish to become engaged to the girl of your dreams, then you are eligible to enter.

One lucky couple will become the 'Sandown Sweethearts' ATL also installed automatic turnstiles at Sandown Park which were first used on Thursday 6th January, and have proved to be a great success now that patrons have become familiar with the token system. Colour racing action is displayed throughout the course, featuring instant replays and direct colour telecast of all ten Adelaide greyhound races.

Country and Interstate - Sandown is the only track where you can bet on Shepparton, Warrnambool, Adelaide and Brisbane greyhounds every Thursday night. It introduced greyhound racing in the state of Western Australia in a very special way No bookmakers. It is the first major track in Australia to be designed exclusively for greyhound racing in conjunction with a computer totalisator operation. The Cannington central racetrack, newest showplace of Australian greyhound racing, provides modern and unique facilities for the public.

One special feature is the " showcase " computer room , designed to give the public a view of the computer totalisator system in operation. Another feature is the impressive computer-controlled lampbox indicator which will show up to the minute odds, results and dividends within viewing distance of almost every part of the track. The Cannington computer tote will cater for ten starters, Win , Place and Quinella. The system involves the use of A. Following are some extracts: I stumbled across your totalisator website today and found it fascinating.

I've worked for Greyhounds WA since the late s. For the last 20 years or so my office has been and I quote the " showcase " computer room you mention in your article. To be honest the roller door hardly ever goes up these days, but I'm happy to report the BCU Multiplexer still clicks over on every race work wouldn't be the same without the clack-clack-clack-clack of pulling relays! Graeme Collins is retired now but I still see him all the time and he frequently comes in to do the odd job here and there.

The 3-story indicator board is still alive. I've got my eyes on the jarrah floorboards that have been drying nicely for the last 40 years. Also, the twin power supplies for the indicator board and the control panel in the Judges Room are still functioning Unfortunately the fate of the indicator board is sealed as the Cannington venue is due to be demolished in July next year.

We are moving to new premises behind the current indicator board location ie. In December I visited my eldest son in Perth. I visited the Cannington Greyhound track. We did some serious reminiscing. It was interesting to find that, despite the fact that we had not worked for the same organisation for over a quarter of a century, our opinions regarding the industry were so perfectly aligned.

So says the "Sunday Independent" in December A two year tax free government loan and the recent introduction of Trifecta betting has ensured the club will be able to pay its own way. The Canning Greyhound Association is looking for a solid base - a gradual improvement based on a long-term future. With this in mind the centre oval has been prepared and leased on the W. Rugby Football League where matches will be played each Sunday during the season.

It opened the gate to the rainbow which has attracted thousands of punters, big and small, to a form of novelty betting unequalled in the State. The Managing Secretary Mr. Lew Dorsa is most enthusiastic about the development of this project and judging by the crowds at each meeting it really fulfils an entertainment gap.

With a ten race program starting with the first race at 7. Visitors marvel at the magnificent appointments in the stand and the club claims to have the finest illuminated track in Australia specifically designed and built for dog racing. The Grandstand has a capacity for 5, people, three modern fast-food outlets, a capacity, fully tiered a la carte restaurant, an excellent committee room with private bar and a pleasure-land for children.

The Julius Tote Indicator at Trentham The old Julius tote barometer odds indicators and grand total indicators are still looking good on the side of this tote building at Trentham Racecourse Wellington in the above photograph taken in September These were part of the Julius tote mentioned in this article. New Zealand will complete the circuit and next year the A.

The objectives of the gathering are to create better understanding and exchange of information and experiences relative to all phases of horse racing. The Seventh A. It was a very colourful occasion with many visitors dressed in their national costume. Air Force, the band of which played the appropriate national anthems.

Crowley Chairman of the A. He admitted that this was an extreme case and stressed that it was important to limit the number of owners in order to control the legal side of owning and racing a race horse. To conclude the session a short film was shown on Totalisator installations around the world. This film was made available to A. Sydney Australia. Saturday 20th January was the day that most delegates had been eagerly awaiting, it was the first day of the Wellington Cup Carnival at Trentham Racecourse and the first opportunity for most delegates to experience horse racing in N.

Trentham Racecourse is one of the five principal N. The first race was due to start at The racecourse was bathed in sunshine and everything was in favour for a pleasant day at the races. The totalisator is the only legal form of betting on racecourses in N. The first totalisator at Trentham was installed in by A. Sydney and while the equipment has been updated over the years there is still equipment in use today which was manufactured over thirty years ago and all the present day equipment which was manufactured by A.

Delegates interested in the totalisator were taken on a tour of inspection but while the equipment was a real eyecatcher, especially in the machine room, it was not entirely new to the majority because similar equipment is installed on their own racecourses. To get back to the race meeting, the main race of the day was the Wellington Cup but to the 7th A. One interesting point about the meeting was that immediately the horses passed the winning post the dividends appeared on the infield indicator and on investigation it was found that it is permissible to display this information before the official results are declared.

During the year ended These racing clubs use equipment manufactured by A. Their equipment was manufactured and installed in under the supervision of Sir George Julius, the founder of Automatic Totalisators Ltd. I remember Alexandra Park. Regarding the people Ian recalls, I too keep in touch with Mervyn Smith and Roger Penwarden who after a recent move after retirement, we live close to. The others I have seen at the annual reunion dinners in Sydney, some every year. Then worked for TAB until retirement.

Mervyn Smith was my immediate superior in Wanganui and then Auckland and we still visit each other when either family "crosses the ditch". This system is still in operation at Alexandra Park where I regularly do really basic maintenance ie Lamp replacement and relay adjustment when necessary. The interesting point is that it's still working and recently had its 50th birthday.

I hope this doesn't cause Murphy's Rule to action as any major problems to cabling, equipment or interface will probably cause the death of it! Some names on your contact list still ring a bell with me. William Johnson is probably the "Bill Johnson" I stayed with in Sydney once, while on a computer course. In July Durban's first race meeting was held, and the population was agog with excitement.

Ropes and flags indicated the finishing straight and the rest of the course was marked with flags. Wagons out-spanned along the make-shift course and the ladies in all their finery watched from there. The judges' stand was an inverted packing case and a bugler of the Sherwood Foresters sounded the start of each race, while other soldiers were ordered to keep the finish clear of dogs.

As time went by, the organisation of these primitive meetings steadily improved and in the lease of the race course was bought by the Grand Stand Company. The Company improved the course and erected a grandstand which was used for many years. The Annual subscription fee was fixed at 5 guineas, a fee which remains unchanged today. The Turf Club held its first meeting in July, By early this century membership was steadily increasing and the July Handicap was becoming recognised as the premier turf event in South Africa.

The Club held 24 meetings a year and the future of racing in Durban seemed assured. The War Years During the War, special meetings were held for the benefit of War funds and the relief of distress in Britain, France and Belgium. In a fund was established to provide financial assistance to members and others who enlisted in the forces.

At the same time the Stewards inaugurated a voluntary 2. This money, plus sums voted from the Club funds, was donated to patriotic funds and charities. A similar pattern was followed during when the entire profits were donated by the Stewards to the war effort. In the Durban Club accepted the offer of the loan of a tent for the races. Over the years the 'tent' became an institution, and graduated to a marquee, then a canvas-covered structure, a light wooden frame building, and ultimately the substantial brick structure which was built in Greyville, the Durban Turf Club's course, is situated almost in the centre of the city.

The track is pear shaped, covering a distance of one and three-quarter miles with an average width of 90 feet. The course is bisected by a main traffic highway which passes under the track at two points through bridged subways. Within its perimeter is the Royal Durban Golf course, of international standard. A permanent field staff of 78 maintains the track and grounds, and on race day this staff is considerably augmented by gate attendants, security officers, car park supervisors and other part-time employees.

The Totalisator Totalisator betting on the course itself is completely mechanised. There are win and place ticket machines and more than 50 doubles-dupla machines. Nine races are run during meetings. There are win-and-place pools on all races; two daily doubles on the third and fourth races and the seventh and eighth ; dupla pools on four races the first, fifth, sixth and ninth ; a jackpot betting on winners of the last four races ; and a place accumulator betting on winners of the last four races ; and a place accumulator betting on placed horses in the last seven races.

Since this has been controlled by the Natal Totalisator Agency Board, whose members represent the Province's three racing clubs and the Natal Provincial Administration. There are branches or agencies throughout Natal which accept all types of betting operated on the racecourses, but their doors must be closed one hour before the starting time of the first race of the day.

Off-Course totalisator investments are included in the pools at the different racecourses, so that all totalisator investors receive the same dividends whether they are bet on course or off. The Winter Season is the zenith of racing in Natal and from the end of May to early August the best horses in the country come to Durban to compete for the attractive prize money offered by the club.

The Great Winter Meeting - the most important of the three winter meetings is held in July each year. The highlight of this is the July Handicap, which has become a national event. The whole country becomes caught up in 'July Fever' and Durban is crammed with visitors from all over South Africa who come specially for the meeting.

The July Handicap was first run in over one mile for a stake of sovereigns. Today the race is run over a distance of m, for a stake of R75,, a special Totalisator condition applicable to this race only. Dividend will be paid on horse placed 4th if 12 or more horses weigh-out. In 18 starters accepted for this race. Campion Assistant Secretary was very helpful to the editor in supplying the detail as outlined. He also expressed his Club's satisfaction with all the ATL equipment and their service.

Webmasters Note: This is not part of the Tote Topics article presented above, however it relates to Durban, the subject of this article. Bill Johnson, an ex-Automatic Totalisators Limited. Engineer and Manager, whose father another Bill Johnson also worked for Automatic Totalisators Limited, sent me an email in December and commented: Don Hardy and my father were on the Durban installation in I am not aware of others there.

As this article refers to the tote being completely mechanised, this installation Bill refers to is probably the Julius Tote in operation at the time the comment referring to completely mechanised totalisator betting was made. Chris Robertson, the most totalisator industry knowledgeable high value punter I have met, provided the following South African ATL system ticket images as an adjunct to the above article. The middle ticket is from Durban, the subject of this article.

Chris Robertson's tickets from South Africa Chris Robertson wrote about the tickets above: The stake on each ticket is in Rand, signified by the letter R. The ticket in the middle is from an ATL J18 machine. The first ticket is from a J The third is the only example I have of a win bet from a J10 machine. This particular J10 machine was otherwise used to sell the swinger duet or any two in Australia. The bottom ticket is a J25 off course TAB ticket.

Some notes on South African tote betting: The place tote pays on four placegetters in fields of sixteen or more. There was no quinella or exacta betting; the swinger or dupla were sold instead. Doubles paid on two winners or either winner and the second horse in the other leg. There was a four race Jackpot bet, as well as s seven race place accumulator. These last two pools were clearly the most popular bet types available.

They were sold from separate windows to all other bet types. As is the practice in France, stablemates were coupled on the win tote, jackpot and place accumulator. This is no longer the case in South Africa, though in France this still occurs. Chris mentions the J25 off-course TAB ticket above.

This has triggered a significant memory recall in me. This was a project that had major resources dedicated to it and the software involvement in the project continued over many years well above and beyond what would be regarded as maintenance programming. I recall years of visiting the factory and seeing Malcolm Richardson, who was a well-liked programmer and project manager, racing around tending to the needs of this project. He usually appeared hurried, in a lather of sweat, with his shirt hanging out, as if he had been dealing with a group of alligators and gave the impression that he could not afford much time before getting back to the fray.

Actually, I know that feeling all too well and now see being free of this condition as a wonderful part of retirement! Chris' J25 ticket at the bottom of the image above, was produced by Malcolm's system. Turffontein - Extracts from Tote Topics Autumn History of Turffontein Racecourse - South Africa Torffontein's history dates back to the discovery of gold on the Witwatersrand and the pioneers who flocked there in to grab their share of the yellow harvest.

Ingrained in these rough and ready men was a love of gambling, and most preferred to be on a running horse rather than the turn of a card. So in the first Johannesburg Summer Handicap forerunner of the Holiday Inns R, was staged with the start near where Motortown is today.

The finish was in the vicinity of today's intersection of Eloff and Commissioner Streets. The race was won by 'Haco' and ridden by Bundy, some of the bets which were held by 'stakeholders' were laid and paid in gold dust or nuggets. The Stewards of the newly formed Johannesburg Turf Club were far sighted enough to realise that the venue for their first races couldn't last very long - the mining settlement of Johannesburg was growing rapidly - so they leased a portion of the farm Turffontein for 3, pounds a year, and in laid the foundation of the original Turffontein Grandstand which still stands today, but will be demolished when Section 3 of the New Complex is built.

The Club wasted no time in turning the bare veld into a racecourse and had it ready for the next Johannesburg Summer Handicap. Turffontein has been the home of the race right up to when the name was changed and it became the 'Holiday Inns', the richest horse-race in South Africa.

The first two years at Turffontein were expensive ones for the Johannesburg Turf Club, and it found itself deep in the red. But somehow the stewards bailed it out and nine years later it was making good money. Then came the South African War and the Club closed until it ended in As Johannesburg grew into a city, Turffontein expanded again and again to cater for the increasing number of racegoers.

Then in the Johannesburg Turf Club created racing history by installing the first automatic tote in the country. It gave good service until the new computerised totalisator was installed by ATL and commissioned during October Christie said he was very proud of their new ATL Computerised totalisator and it was proving a great boom to punters.

Rhodesia Gets a Tote The old tote was not discarded but moved to the Mashonaland Turf Club in Rhodesia and it is now giving good service to the punters there. When pony and galloway racing came to an end in South Africa in , the Johannesburg Pony and Galloway Club which had conducted race meetings, and been associated with Turffontein since , changed its name to the Transvaal Racing Club.

The following relates to the Turffontein Race Club: I am unsure why I was asked to call in at Turffontein it may have been due to a design feature I had just created. It was thought that the J10 and J8 Ticket machines were causing switch bounce which placed multiple bets into Scanners.

As a result I derived a small circuit to inhibit the Scanner input for a set time after the initial input. I do recall being in the Club Secretary's Office when a horse ambled in through the open French windows; walked around the desk; located an apple in a coat pocket on the hat stand; ate the apple and wandered back out to the track.

I said Nothing! This email has particular interest to me. Following are extracts from Ian's email. I saw your web site when researching my old workplace at Turffontein race course in Sth Africa. I was the tote engineer there from its installation in the early 's until I left about 5 years later. I was hired into the job as I was a telecommunications engineer with experience in electromechanical switching.

The old tote was a Siemens system build with uni-selectors. The club at that time had decided to do a major upgrade under the watch of Sandy Christie and this included a new grandstand and tote complex. We had a project engineer from Meadowbank come over to Sth Africa, Fred Escort, who was in fact English and was taunted greatly by his Oz counterparts. The ATL person that sticks out in my mind most is Colin Thomas a key programmer that also came over to set up and commission the system.

I believe I did see a reference to Colin in one of your ATL documents, but have now failed to find it. He was a bright skinny energetic person as I recall. I have many stories to tell of these early days but one stands out. As mentioned in your history of Turffontein, they have had an annual Holiday Inns handicap.

This I guess was the equivalent of the Melbourne cup at the time. As it was race 5 on the card, we took early bets on the race from Race 1 at special dedicated windows. When betting opened on Race 5 the idea was that the collected pool would be added to the current race betting and we would continue selling from there.

This was not to be as the PDP 11 simply crashed and stopped all bets across the track. I recall vividly the CEO, Sandy Christie coming into the computer room ashen faced and pleaded for us to "do something". In the end we simply dropped the power to the infield odd indicator, stopped the feeds to the race TV screens and reset the computer from scratch to reopen betting.

We took all bets on the race but did not show any odds as the computer was now incorrect. We managed to pay out at race end, by the skills of a clever auditor we had on track two were on track every race day to audit the tote. With a bit of thumb sucking and pencil chewing he came up with the payout figures for each horse at race end. This bomb out, caused Colin to come back over to Sth Africa to do a post mortem. Seems that despite our rigorous pre race testing, we could never have found the fault as it was some kind of buffer overflow due to the high volume of betting Finally the reference in your notes to "Tote to Rhodesia" was correct as the outgoing engineer, Jimmy recovered all of the two motion stuff and the in track indicator flaps and had them shipped to Salisbury now Harare.

I often wonder what happened to all of the people of that time. I am now retired and live in Hong Kong. I do love to visit Happy Valley on a Wed night to see the races under lights. That ends Ian's email. Ian mentions an on-line drama with the tote. Any veteran of tote engineering and probably more broadly development of and the early operational period of, real time computer systems, that involve the emotive entity called money, have a rendition of hair raising experiences.

Ian mentions a buffer overflow. I have contended with multiple problems in this category. We had rigorous software testing programs, however it appears that no matter how intense the testing, some bugs always seem to slip through. I recall a crash of a critical tote application during a tote operation with a VAX based tote. I was convinced it was a hardware problem as the software had been stable and operational for many years.

The following crash analysis I conducted, after eliminating any possible hardware cause, led me to a software bug which really surprised me. The detection of the software bug was made straight forward, as our branch was also maintaining the software as well, so I was amazed to find this software bug. This bug lay dormant several years, waiting for the set of circumstances to arise that resulted in its existence being demonstrated.

I have just had a typical demonstration of what I mentioned above about tote veteran horror stories. Apart from filling in some gaps in memory, he offered the following recollection of an on-line tote problem: The episode of estimating the dividend on a fouled up tote, reminds me of a night at Bankstown Trots.

I was working the doubles system all was running ok then I noticed that the paper tape was not incrementing and there was now a large "Slot" cut across the paper tape, I stopped the machine repaired the broken increment pawl and restarted betting, The three elderly guys in charge of the meeting estimated the dividend based on previous knowledge.

On wash up we were only down by 5 cents per payout. Following are some more extracts from Ian's second email. A bit of background re Turffontein. We did not have a full complement of TIM's and so shared them with the nearby track at Germiston. They raced Wednesday and we did Saturdays. So Thursday was fit-out day of the J18's and on Monday they were loaded onto the truck for the return journey to Germiston.

The photo on your web site of the Singapore installation is pretty much a carbon copy of Turffontein from what I can judge from the photo. As tote engineer, I had no involvement with the payout and cash side of the operations. This fell to the tote manager who handled all cash, balances and fraud issues. Although we did get consulted in fraud matters to ascertain the validity of the ticket in question.

On that topic we did learn a valuable lesson regarding security of TIM's. Initially to save time on a Saturday morning the mechanics preloaded the TIM's with the "paper of the day" and set up the 5 letter drum codes in the TIM's all ready for Race 1 on Saturday. Over time we noticed leakage, for which we could not account, as the tickets that were presented were all real and valid. However they all came from a set of TIM's in the members area we believed.

It was a while before we latched onto an old guy who used to walk his dog at the track and would often nod and say hello on the way past. It turned out that he was making a detour through the selling hall in the members and had learned how to open and "turnover" a TIM to produce a ticket for every horse in Race 1 as the paper and drums were all pre loaded.

When we stopped the practice of Friday afternoon pre-loads, it stopped. A security lesson for us as we were much too slack in our machine and booth security between race days Quarterly was a publication of Autotote Limited. This American company used to be a subsidiary of Automatic Totalisators Ltd. I well remember the J25 terminals at the Brisbane metropolitan tracks, which are mentioned in this article.

I visited Autotote in Philadelphia in At that time Autotote impressed me more like a sister company than a subsidiary. It is interesting how we shared technology. Automatic Totalisators reviewed the Autotote and VOTS systems to determine which to base their future tote systems on. They chose the Autotote system and this became the basis for the Automatic Totalisators Ltd's Atlas system.

I think the fact that it was written in Pascal was significant. The terminal that handled both types of wagering transactions was the J, forerunner to the new J terminal. It read a bettor-marked IBM card, printed a bet verification and serial number on the card and cashed by reading a machine readable serial number.

The terminal had no keyboard or display for corrections and required the bettors to use special pencils. Two red lights indicated a card incorrectly marked, while two white lights and the sound of the impact printer indicated a bet accepted by the system. Alongside the Js were J sell-only keyboard terminals, designed to handle 24 starter multi-value, multi -pool betting.

Neither terminal has seen service in the United Sates, and while they were ahead of their time, both have now given way to the new technology embodied in the J The system and terminals, however, are very effectively handling the wagering at Bahrenfeld and are, in part, responsible for the growth of the sport in Hamburg. In Northern Germany, there were sufficient numbers of people involved with equestrian sport to foster racing competition.

While horses in hilly Rhineland districts and mountainous Bavaria were used almost exclusively as farm animals, it was in the plains of coastal Germany and Schleswig-Holstein that horses were bred for sport. It is here that the Trakehner, Holstein, Hanoverian, and Schleswig strains evolved, breeds that still dominate world class dressage and three-day event competitions.

Still, trotting enjoyed little support from horse show circles. We had to attract people - especially young people - who would otherwise spend an afternoon off from work sailing, at a soccer match, or going for a picnic , says Berndt Jaenecke, a former journalist who now directs the promotional activities of the Bahrenfeld track. The way to achieve this was through intensified public relations activities, updating and standardizing the racing regulations, and the adoption of the most modern, effective, electronic totalisator techniques.

Many of the people you see here today - maybe half of them - would have had no interest in trotting five years ago , observes Jaenecke, and the electronic totalisator has played an important role - not only in making the track operation more efficient, but throughout our promotional efforts. The techniques noted by the promotions manager at Bahrenfeld would be cited by track managers throughout America as indispensable to a successful racing operation whether in New York City or Warsaw, Kentucky, and they have achieved dramatic results within a context that is vastly different from the structure of horse racing in this country.

Postscript: Further to my comments at the top of this article regarding ATL dividing the planet into two regions I have just discovered these addresses that define the division. Although this took place four years before I joined Automatic Totalisators Limited I came to know Bill well and although we worked in different branches, I always enjoyed his company and valued his advice. Like my father, Bill was a Yorkshireman and uncannily, I could not tell him apart from my father when talking to him on the phone.

Mariendorf Trabrennbahn Germany - Autotote system I do not have any tickets from Bahrenfeld, the subject of the previous article, however Chris Robertson has provided the following tickets from Mariendorf Trabrennbahn which had an Autotote system installed in Mariendorf is in Berlin, which is not far from Bahrenfeld in neighbouring Hamburg. Chris Robertson's tickets from Mariendorf Chris Robertson wrote the following about the tickets above: Mariendorf trots in West Berlin.

Unfortunately the German tickets have not aged well, probably a paper quality issue. This is a problem generally with thermal printing. Something to be said for the old ways. First ticket is a four horse win bet. Middle ticket is a trifecta 9 on top, with 1 and 2 in both underneath positions. Third ticket is an exacta. From memory DM2. Advertising on the ticket reverse just to let you know you are in the decadent capitalist sector of the city, not the Democratic sector.

I note that these tickets have a feature that I attempted to implement in Brisbane but never succeeded. The tickets have advertising on them. It has Punched Paperetape, Telex, FAX and cash register rolls, thermal paper rolls, copypaper, carbon paper, different paper forms, as well as computer labels, ink ribbons toner and floppy disks. As Chris points out, the advertisement is on the back of the ticket and consequently reads backwards when viewed from the front.

As the advertisement is not lined up with each ticket, I think the advertisement is originally printed on the back of the whole ticket paper roll and not printed at the time of issue. I was interested in this trotting track because of the totalisator history connection with the company called Atusa, renamed Autotote.

Conscious of my never having used German in earnest before, I was very pleased to find that I managed to convey my peculiar interest in totalisator history to a couple of managers who worked for the trotting club. I started by explaining that I am a foreigner from Australia and am interested in Totalisator History and worked for Automatic Totalisators Limited and that an American subsidiary company of ours installed a tote system on their trotting track in the decade starting I was surprised to find that they were very enthusiastic about their history including that of their totalisator systems.

The first indication that we were on the same wavelength came when one of them mentioned Sportech, the company that as of the time of writing owns Autotote. It is curious how some things are constant. The local club management, despite being on the opposite side of the world and speaking a different language and having a different culture, were very busy grappling with the daily requirements of running a race club, performing the exact same functions as I had witnessed over decades in Australia.

It was amazing that they managed to weave our surprise visit into their busy schedule. They informed us that coincidentally, they were in the process of documenting and presenting the history of their club, Mariendorf Berliner Trabrenn-Verein e. They said it was a pity we had not been there the day before when the track was operating, as I could have met the tote engineer. We were asked if we could come in on Saturday but I said we were going to Hungary early in the morning at which point, the apparently senior manager, went away and said he was going to make a phone call.

He returned shortly after, saying that he had spoken to the engineer and that he was coming in to talk to me and we would meet him in about 15 minutes. The manager I spoke most with was Norbert, who spoke to us whilst juggling other work with his colleague running around to take more of the workload. Norbert told us that Mariendorf Trabrennbahn was the first track in Germany to have lighting and conduct night trotting meetings.

It quickly became apparent that they knew a lot more about the history of their totalisator than I expected. They knew the company name Autotote and knew that it had installed a system at their track and informed me that it commenced operation in When the Tote Engineer arrived, he introduced himself as Axel and said it is interesting to meet me.

After a short conversation, he astounded me by stating that it is good, that what he had been told was true, that I could speak such good German. If anything, I was expecting a mutual feeling that communication was difficult, as I had never been engaged in anything of a technical nature in German and knew practically nothing of the grammar.

I must thank my U3A German class that Narelle and I have been attending recently, for improving on my German language memories of an eight year old. Axel told me that he could give me some old J25 terminals if I wanted them! I knew the Australian J25s very well as my department maintained them for many years.

I replied that I had enough with the J22 and J18 terminals that I already had on display in our shed at home. Axel also said that it was a pity that I had not come earlier as he had just been through a major clean-up, discarding nostalgic old tickets and documentation relating to the Autotote system.

Despite this, he performed a quick search for some nostalgia whilst we were there but he could not find anything. He said he would conduct a more extensive search for information about the system and try and find some old betting tickets which he will send if he finds anything.

Axel's next revelation was totally unexpected. When I mentioned Autotote again, Axel replied that the old Autotote system was still in operation! Thirty two years is a good lifespan for a computer tote system! I had an amazing revelation when the managers showed me some of their club history and I saw a photo of a trotter pulling a sleigh behind it in the snow.

It dawned on me that this is probably how they race in winter. It seems obvious now, however I had never wondered what happens to trotting events during winter in countries where it snows. I asked if they regularly operated sleighs during winter and the reply was "of course". We were told we could wander around the track and facilities all we like and take whatever photographs we wish, which we did.

Whilst walking around the track we took some snaps of the Tims and I noticed they have a Scientific Games emblem. Scientific Games is a company that Autotote bought and used their name, probably for the same reason we changed our name to ATL, to divest ourselves of the implied limitation of producing systems only for the racing industry, which was not the case.

We parted company, vowing to communicate further on the Internet once their busy period was over in October and we were back at home in Australia. It is curious to note that Mariendorf commenced trotting operations in , the same year George Julius' automatic totalisator invention went into operation at Ellerslie in New Zealand. I have placed a link to the Berliner Trabrenn-Verein in the links page of this website. Norbert said he would read this Totalisator History website when he has time and asked if he could link to it, which received an enthusiastic "of course.

At the time this article was written this system had Ticket Issuing Machines. Happy Valley is controlled by a race club that is rather special. The profits from the racecourse are given to the various charities in this teeming city. Happy Valley as a result helps build schools, hospitals and other utilities which benefit the general public in Hong Kong.

A Totalisator System that would be efficient in handling the betting and return sound profits to the race club therefore had marked significance for ATL who won the contract. The installation was designed to do the same job as its big brother in Aqueduct, only on a more compact scale, but with inbuilt capacity to handle the Club's future requirements for many years to come.

Happy Valley has been so called for a long time. I can attest to the Hong Kong Jockey Club's community projects. I lived in Hong Kong for five years as a schoolboy. I returned to Hong Kong for a holiday and a trip down memory lane in after assisting with an installation in Kota Kinabalu. I recall being surprised to see a massive skyscraper being built with a large banner on the side with the words "Another Hong Kong Jockey Club Community Project" Following is an image of the Happy Valley PDP8 totalisator system, the photo taken in the Meadowbank factory during its development.

Bob Plemel standing in the photo, was the longest serving and most productive engineering manager I knew at ATL. He was a major mentor to me. Note that the doors visible on the upper parts of the equipment racks in the image above, are removed in the image below during the development phase, to gain access to the backplane wiring panels.

Bob Plemel commented on the Tote Control Console or TCC, shown on the far right of the above image with the right hand end of the panel not in view. I remember that in Hong Kong they were mounted in a custom made teak wood desk - very posh for a tote. The Happy Valley system being developed Chris Robertson wrote the following about his experience in Hong Kong when he purchased the ticket shown below, at Sha Tin racecourse: The Hong Kong ticket below is from a J22 machine.

It was a smorgasbord for a tote groupie like myself. I was like a kid let loose in a lolly shop. The list of what I wished I had kept is as long as the Flemington straight. Chris Robertson's ticket from Hong Kong Unfortunately the word happy, as used in the title of the above article, could not be associated with ATL's following, much later system, for the Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club to be installed at their new racetrack at Sha Tin.

The smorgasbord Chris refers to above, was probably, significantly due to the failure of this project. It failed due to inability to deliver on time. Chris Robertson's ticket above was produced after the failure of the Sha Tin project. The anecdote is pertinent as it demonstrates a principle that permeates through this industry, of having to meet deadlines.

I have just mentioned a major setback within Automatic Totalisators above, regarding failure to meet a deadline for a major project in Hong Kong and this anecdote demonstrates that other companies felt this pressure as well. I have disguised the name of the company in Stuart's anecdote in case anyone attributes any negativity to it, which in no way is the intention. Actually I find it quite recognisable in my field of experience, ironic with a humorous element to it and it has a happy ending.

Another aspect I find attractive about this anecdote is that it brings to mind the axiom It's an ill wind that does not blow anyone any good. See where we operate. By Racing. For Racing. Learn more. Current Opportunities at britbet Each year our team of oncourse operators, offers pool betting at over 1, racing fixtures which host around 5 million customers. View all our current vacancies.

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T20 bettingadvice Where a withdrawal is to be made using a credit card, We may request a certified copy of that credit card front and back. Chris Tote betting vouchers philippines ticket above was produced after the tote betting vouchers philippines of the Sha Tin project. But, viewed in the modern sense, the first race for the English Derby took place at Epsom in May,which was only eight years before the establishment of Sydney and thirty years before the first Hyde Park meeting in Sydney. Notices for withdrawals must be made on the Site only. If any of your details have changed, you must contact us immediately If you are aware the information provided at registration is incorrect, You must tell Us immediately or immediately amend Your information.
Ian bettinger san francisco bay area We only ever send marketing messages to tote betting vouchers philippines if you have given us your explicit consent to receive such messages. We also use segmentation to split our players into groups based on their gaming behaviour. When the outcome of a Game You take part in is determined, or when we confirm the result of an event, any winnings will be made available to you in Your Account. What documentation is required. When odds change for selections already added to the Bet Slip. I'm now the manager at Atlantic City. Automated decision making and profiling.
Napoli inter milan betting websites Do you seek a golden future? All withdrawals take between 1 and 5 banking days once all documentation has been verified. Language: English. Over time we noticed leakage, for which tote betting vouchers philippines could not account, as the tickets that were presented were all real and valid. It cut down the number of machines and operators required to service a meeting; as well as providing bettors the opportunity to place all their bets at the one window. Betting Rules. My job was to get people to write articles and then have it produced.

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See where we operate. By Racing. For Racing. Learn more. Current Opportunities at britbet Each year our team of oncourse operators, offers pool betting at over 1, racing fixtures which host around 5 million customers. View all our current vacancies.

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The Stewards of the newly formed Johannesburg Turf Club were far sighted enough to realise that the venue for their first races couldn't last very long - the mining settlement of Johannesburg was growing rapidly - so they leased a portion of the farm Turffontein for 3, pounds a year, and in laid the foundation of the original Turffontein Grandstand which still stands today, but will be demolished when Section 3 of the New Complex is built.

The Club wasted no time in turning the bare veld into a racecourse and had it ready for the next Johannesburg Summer Handicap. Turffontein has been the home of the race right up to when the name was changed and it became the 'Holiday Inns', the richest horse-race in South Africa. The first two years at Turffontein were expensive ones for the Johannesburg Turf Club, and it found itself deep in the red.

But somehow the stewards bailed it out and nine years later it was making good money. Then came the South African War and the Club closed until it ended in As Johannesburg grew into a city, Turffontein expanded again and again to cater for the increasing number of racegoers. Then in the Johannesburg Turf Club created racing history by installing the first automatic tote in the country. It gave good service until the new computerised totalisator was installed by ATL and commissioned during October Christie said he was very proud of their new ATL Computerised totalisator and it was proving a great boom to punters.

Rhodesia Gets a Tote The old tote was not discarded but moved to the Mashonaland Turf Club in Rhodesia and it is now giving good service to the punters there. When pony and galloway racing came to an end in South Africa in , the Johannesburg Pony and Galloway Club which had conducted race meetings, and been associated with Turffontein since , changed its name to the Transvaal Racing Club.

The following relates to the Turffontein Race Club: I am unsure why I was asked to call in at Turffontein it may have been due to a design feature I had just created. It was thought that the J10 and J8 Ticket machines were causing switch bounce which placed multiple bets into Scanners. As a result I derived a small circuit to inhibit the Scanner input for a set time after the initial input. I do recall being in the Club Secretary's Office when a horse ambled in through the open French windows; walked around the desk; located an apple in a coat pocket on the hat stand; ate the apple and wandered back out to the track.

I said Nothing! This email has particular interest to me. Following are extracts from Ian's email. I saw your web site when researching my old workplace at Turffontein race course in Sth Africa. I was the tote engineer there from its installation in the early 's until I left about 5 years later.

I was hired into the job as I was a telecommunications engineer with experience in electromechanical switching. The old tote was a Siemens system build with uni-selectors. The club at that time had decided to do a major upgrade under the watch of Sandy Christie and this included a new grandstand and tote complex. We had a project engineer from Meadowbank come over to Sth Africa, Fred Escort, who was in fact English and was taunted greatly by his Oz counterparts.

The ATL person that sticks out in my mind most is Colin Thomas a key programmer that also came over to set up and commission the system. I believe I did see a reference to Colin in one of your ATL documents, but have now failed to find it. He was a bright skinny energetic person as I recall. I have many stories to tell of these early days but one stands out. As mentioned in your history of Turffontein, they have had an annual Holiday Inns handicap.

This I guess was the equivalent of the Melbourne cup at the time. As it was race 5 on the card, we took early bets on the race from Race 1 at special dedicated windows. When betting opened on Race 5 the idea was that the collected pool would be added to the current race betting and we would continue selling from there. This was not to be as the PDP 11 simply crashed and stopped all bets across the track. I recall vividly the CEO, Sandy Christie coming into the computer room ashen faced and pleaded for us to "do something".

In the end we simply dropped the power to the infield odd indicator, stopped the feeds to the race TV screens and reset the computer from scratch to reopen betting. We took all bets on the race but did not show any odds as the computer was now incorrect. We managed to pay out at race end, by the skills of a clever auditor we had on track two were on track every race day to audit the tote.

With a bit of thumb sucking and pencil chewing he came up with the payout figures for each horse at race end. This bomb out, caused Colin to come back over to Sth Africa to do a post mortem. Seems that despite our rigorous pre race testing, we could never have found the fault as it was some kind of buffer overflow due to the high volume of betting Finally the reference in your notes to "Tote to Rhodesia" was correct as the outgoing engineer, Jimmy recovered all of the two motion stuff and the in track indicator flaps and had them shipped to Salisbury now Harare.

I often wonder what happened to all of the people of that time. I am now retired and live in Hong Kong. I do love to visit Happy Valley on a Wed night to see the races under lights. That ends Ian's email. Ian mentions an on-line drama with the tote. Any veteran of tote engineering and probably more broadly development of and the early operational period of, real time computer systems, that involve the emotive entity called money, have a rendition of hair raising experiences.

Ian mentions a buffer overflow. I have contended with multiple problems in this category. We had rigorous software testing programs, however it appears that no matter how intense the testing, some bugs always seem to slip through. I recall a crash of a critical tote application during a tote operation with a VAX based tote.

I was convinced it was a hardware problem as the software had been stable and operational for many years. The following crash analysis I conducted, after eliminating any possible hardware cause, led me to a software bug which really surprised me. The detection of the software bug was made straight forward, as our branch was also maintaining the software as well, so I was amazed to find this software bug.

This bug lay dormant several years, waiting for the set of circumstances to arise that resulted in its existence being demonstrated. I have just had a typical demonstration of what I mentioned above about tote veteran horror stories. Apart from filling in some gaps in memory, he offered the following recollection of an on-line tote problem: The episode of estimating the dividend on a fouled up tote, reminds me of a night at Bankstown Trots.

I was working the doubles system all was running ok then I noticed that the paper tape was not incrementing and there was now a large "Slot" cut across the paper tape, I stopped the machine repaired the broken increment pawl and restarted betting, The three elderly guys in charge of the meeting estimated the dividend based on previous knowledge. On wash up we were only down by 5 cents per payout. Following are some more extracts from Ian's second email. A bit of background re Turffontein.

We did not have a full complement of TIM's and so shared them with the nearby track at Germiston. They raced Wednesday and we did Saturdays. So Thursday was fit-out day of the J18's and on Monday they were loaded onto the truck for the return journey to Germiston. The photo on your web site of the Singapore installation is pretty much a carbon copy of Turffontein from what I can judge from the photo. As tote engineer, I had no involvement with the payout and cash side of the operations.

This fell to the tote manager who handled all cash, balances and fraud issues. Although we did get consulted in fraud matters to ascertain the validity of the ticket in question. On that topic we did learn a valuable lesson regarding security of TIM's. Initially to save time on a Saturday morning the mechanics preloaded the TIM's with the "paper of the day" and set up the 5 letter drum codes in the TIM's all ready for Race 1 on Saturday.

Over time we noticed leakage, for which we could not account, as the tickets that were presented were all real and valid. However they all came from a set of TIM's in the members area we believed. It was a while before we latched onto an old guy who used to walk his dog at the track and would often nod and say hello on the way past. It turned out that he was making a detour through the selling hall in the members and had learned how to open and "turnover" a TIM to produce a ticket for every horse in Race 1 as the paper and drums were all pre loaded.

When we stopped the practice of Friday afternoon pre-loads, it stopped. A security lesson for us as we were much too slack in our machine and booth security between race days Quarterly was a publication of Autotote Limited. This American company used to be a subsidiary of Automatic Totalisators Ltd. I well remember the J25 terminals at the Brisbane metropolitan tracks, which are mentioned in this article.

I visited Autotote in Philadelphia in At that time Autotote impressed me more like a sister company than a subsidiary. It is interesting how we shared technology. Automatic Totalisators reviewed the Autotote and VOTS systems to determine which to base their future tote systems on.

They chose the Autotote system and this became the basis for the Automatic Totalisators Ltd's Atlas system. I think the fact that it was written in Pascal was significant. The terminal that handled both types of wagering transactions was the J, forerunner to the new J terminal. It read a bettor-marked IBM card, printed a bet verification and serial number on the card and cashed by reading a machine readable serial number.

The terminal had no keyboard or display for corrections and required the bettors to use special pencils. Two red lights indicated a card incorrectly marked, while two white lights and the sound of the impact printer indicated a bet accepted by the system.

Alongside the Js were J sell-only keyboard terminals, designed to handle 24 starter multi-value, multi -pool betting. Neither terminal has seen service in the United Sates, and while they were ahead of their time, both have now given way to the new technology embodied in the J The system and terminals, however, are very effectively handling the wagering at Bahrenfeld and are, in part, responsible for the growth of the sport in Hamburg. In Northern Germany, there were sufficient numbers of people involved with equestrian sport to foster racing competition.

While horses in hilly Rhineland districts and mountainous Bavaria were used almost exclusively as farm animals, it was in the plains of coastal Germany and Schleswig-Holstein that horses were bred for sport. It is here that the Trakehner, Holstein, Hanoverian, and Schleswig strains evolved, breeds that still dominate world class dressage and three-day event competitions. Still, trotting enjoyed little support from horse show circles. We had to attract people - especially young people - who would otherwise spend an afternoon off from work sailing, at a soccer match, or going for a picnic , says Berndt Jaenecke, a former journalist who now directs the promotional activities of the Bahrenfeld track.

The way to achieve this was through intensified public relations activities, updating and standardizing the racing regulations, and the adoption of the most modern, effective, electronic totalisator techniques. Many of the people you see here today - maybe half of them - would have had no interest in trotting five years ago , observes Jaenecke, and the electronic totalisator has played an important role - not only in making the track operation more efficient, but throughout our promotional efforts.

The techniques noted by the promotions manager at Bahrenfeld would be cited by track managers throughout America as indispensable to a successful racing operation whether in New York City or Warsaw, Kentucky, and they have achieved dramatic results within a context that is vastly different from the structure of horse racing in this country. Postscript: Further to my comments at the top of this article regarding ATL dividing the planet into two regions I have just discovered these addresses that define the division.

Although this took place four years before I joined Automatic Totalisators Limited I came to know Bill well and although we worked in different branches, I always enjoyed his company and valued his advice. Like my father, Bill was a Yorkshireman and uncannily, I could not tell him apart from my father when talking to him on the phone. Mariendorf Trabrennbahn Germany - Autotote system I do not have any tickets from Bahrenfeld, the subject of the previous article, however Chris Robertson has provided the following tickets from Mariendorf Trabrennbahn which had an Autotote system installed in Mariendorf is in Berlin, which is not far from Bahrenfeld in neighbouring Hamburg.

Chris Robertson's tickets from Mariendorf Chris Robertson wrote the following about the tickets above: Mariendorf trots in West Berlin. Unfortunately the German tickets have not aged well, probably a paper quality issue.

This is a problem generally with thermal printing. Something to be said for the old ways. First ticket is a four horse win bet. Middle ticket is a trifecta 9 on top, with 1 and 2 in both underneath positions. Third ticket is an exacta. From memory DM2. Advertising on the ticket reverse just to let you know you are in the decadent capitalist sector of the city, not the Democratic sector. I note that these tickets have a feature that I attempted to implement in Brisbane but never succeeded.

The tickets have advertising on them. It has Punched Paperetape, Telex, FAX and cash register rolls, thermal paper rolls, copypaper, carbon paper, different paper forms, as well as computer labels, ink ribbons toner and floppy disks. As Chris points out, the advertisement is on the back of the ticket and consequently reads backwards when viewed from the front. As the advertisement is not lined up with each ticket, I think the advertisement is originally printed on the back of the whole ticket paper roll and not printed at the time of issue.

I was interested in this trotting track because of the totalisator history connection with the company called Atusa, renamed Autotote. Conscious of my never having used German in earnest before, I was very pleased to find that I managed to convey my peculiar interest in totalisator history to a couple of managers who worked for the trotting club. I started by explaining that I am a foreigner from Australia and am interested in Totalisator History and worked for Automatic Totalisators Limited and that an American subsidiary company of ours installed a tote system on their trotting track in the decade starting I was surprised to find that they were very enthusiastic about their history including that of their totalisator systems.

The first indication that we were on the same wavelength came when one of them mentioned Sportech, the company that as of the time of writing owns Autotote. It is curious how some things are constant. The local club management, despite being on the opposite side of the world and speaking a different language and having a different culture, were very busy grappling with the daily requirements of running a race club, performing the exact same functions as I had witnessed over decades in Australia.

It was amazing that they managed to weave our surprise visit into their busy schedule. They informed us that coincidentally, they were in the process of documenting and presenting the history of their club, Mariendorf Berliner Trabrenn-Verein e. They said it was a pity we had not been there the day before when the track was operating, as I could have met the tote engineer. We were asked if we could come in on Saturday but I said we were going to Hungary early in the morning at which point, the apparently senior manager, went away and said he was going to make a phone call.

He returned shortly after, saying that he had spoken to the engineer and that he was coming in to talk to me and we would meet him in about 15 minutes. The manager I spoke most with was Norbert, who spoke to us whilst juggling other work with his colleague running around to take more of the workload.

Norbert told us that Mariendorf Trabrennbahn was the first track in Germany to have lighting and conduct night trotting meetings. It quickly became apparent that they knew a lot more about the history of their totalisator than I expected. They knew the company name Autotote and knew that it had installed a system at their track and informed me that it commenced operation in When the Tote Engineer arrived, he introduced himself as Axel and said it is interesting to meet me.

After a short conversation, he astounded me by stating that it is good, that what he had been told was true, that I could speak such good German. If anything, I was expecting a mutual feeling that communication was difficult, as I had never been engaged in anything of a technical nature in German and knew practically nothing of the grammar.

I must thank my U3A German class that Narelle and I have been attending recently, for improving on my German language memories of an eight year old. Axel told me that he could give me some old J25 terminals if I wanted them! I knew the Australian J25s very well as my department maintained them for many years. I replied that I had enough with the J22 and J18 terminals that I already had on display in our shed at home.

Axel also said that it was a pity that I had not come earlier as he had just been through a major clean-up, discarding nostalgic old tickets and documentation relating to the Autotote system. Despite this, he performed a quick search for some nostalgia whilst we were there but he could not find anything. He said he would conduct a more extensive search for information about the system and try and find some old betting tickets which he will send if he finds anything.

Axel's next revelation was totally unexpected. When I mentioned Autotote again, Axel replied that the old Autotote system was still in operation! Thirty two years is a good lifespan for a computer tote system! I had an amazing revelation when the managers showed me some of their club history and I saw a photo of a trotter pulling a sleigh behind it in the snow.

It dawned on me that this is probably how they race in winter. It seems obvious now, however I had never wondered what happens to trotting events during winter in countries where it snows. I asked if they regularly operated sleighs during winter and the reply was "of course". We were told we could wander around the track and facilities all we like and take whatever photographs we wish, which we did.

Whilst walking around the track we took some snaps of the Tims and I noticed they have a Scientific Games emblem. Scientific Games is a company that Autotote bought and used their name, probably for the same reason we changed our name to ATL, to divest ourselves of the implied limitation of producing systems only for the racing industry, which was not the case.

We parted company, vowing to communicate further on the Internet once their busy period was over in October and we were back at home in Australia. It is curious to note that Mariendorf commenced trotting operations in , the same year George Julius' automatic totalisator invention went into operation at Ellerslie in New Zealand. I have placed a link to the Berliner Trabrenn-Verein in the links page of this website.

Norbert said he would read this Totalisator History website when he has time and asked if he could link to it, which received an enthusiastic "of course. At the time this article was written this system had Ticket Issuing Machines. Happy Valley is controlled by a race club that is rather special. The profits from the racecourse are given to the various charities in this teeming city.

Happy Valley as a result helps build schools, hospitals and other utilities which benefit the general public in Hong Kong. A Totalisator System that would be efficient in handling the betting and return sound profits to the race club therefore had marked significance for ATL who won the contract.

The installation was designed to do the same job as its big brother in Aqueduct, only on a more compact scale, but with inbuilt capacity to handle the Club's future requirements for many years to come. Happy Valley has been so called for a long time. I can attest to the Hong Kong Jockey Club's community projects. I lived in Hong Kong for five years as a schoolboy. I returned to Hong Kong for a holiday and a trip down memory lane in after assisting with an installation in Kota Kinabalu.

I recall being surprised to see a massive skyscraper being built with a large banner on the side with the words "Another Hong Kong Jockey Club Community Project" Following is an image of the Happy Valley PDP8 totalisator system, the photo taken in the Meadowbank factory during its development. Bob Plemel standing in the photo, was the longest serving and most productive engineering manager I knew at ATL. He was a major mentor to me. Note that the doors visible on the upper parts of the equipment racks in the image above, are removed in the image below during the development phase, to gain access to the backplane wiring panels.

Bob Plemel commented on the Tote Control Console or TCC, shown on the far right of the above image with the right hand end of the panel not in view. I remember that in Hong Kong they were mounted in a custom made teak wood desk - very posh for a tote.

The Happy Valley system being developed Chris Robertson wrote the following about his experience in Hong Kong when he purchased the ticket shown below, at Sha Tin racecourse: The Hong Kong ticket below is from a J22 machine. It was a smorgasbord for a tote groupie like myself. I was like a kid let loose in a lolly shop. The list of what I wished I had kept is as long as the Flemington straight.

Chris Robertson's ticket from Hong Kong Unfortunately the word happy, as used in the title of the above article, could not be associated with ATL's following, much later system, for the Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club to be installed at their new racetrack at Sha Tin. The smorgasbord Chris refers to above, was probably, significantly due to the failure of this project.

It failed due to inability to deliver on time. Chris Robertson's ticket above was produced after the failure of the Sha Tin project. The anecdote is pertinent as it demonstrates a principle that permeates through this industry, of having to meet deadlines. I have just mentioned a major setback within Automatic Totalisators above, regarding failure to meet a deadline for a major project in Hong Kong and this anecdote demonstrates that other companies felt this pressure as well.

I have disguised the name of the company in Stuart's anecdote in case anyone attributes any negativity to it, which in no way is the intention. Actually I find it quite recognisable in my field of experience, ironic with a humorous element to it and it has a happy ending. Another aspect I find attractive about this anecdote is that it brings to mind the axiom It's an ill wind that does not blow anyone any good. Charlie Eastham came to Hong Kong with the first XZC tote in around , great story there: Charlie spent most of his early career on dog totes in London, this would have been post war.

As usual the tote didn't work properly when it left the factory in UK, this would have been around Charlie was told to sort it out when he got to Hong Kong as the tote had to be on a certain ship to make the first race day. The ship was due to take 8 weeks or so to reach Hong Kong.

Charlie, a junior engineer, nervously flew to Hong Kong a few weeks later, with 2 weeks to go, dreading the task of making the beast work. Well, as soon as he arrived he got word that the ship had hit a mine and sank, much to Charlie's relief.

XZC got the insurance money for a full working tote and a year to sort out all the problems. On top of that Charlie got a week or so in HK before heading home. We spoke of Stuart Smith and Charlie Eastham. It is now and I have informed Stuart Smith about this. Stuart sent several photos of the ATL computer system at Happy Valley with some reminiscences of his own. Bob Plemel replied to this in the following email extract. Again I have disguised the name of the company that supplied the totalisator on the ship that sunk.

The new totalisator that was supplied by this company operated successfully for the best part of 20 years and was then replaced by the new ATL computer based totalisator. Great pictures. Brings back many memories of long ago. I knew Charlie Eastham and Bill Pannel very well. A lot of beers and a lot of tall tales were told with Charlie and Bill. Charlie was quite a character. Last I heard, he had gone back to England and bought a pub. I heard he passed away a few years ago.

Not sure were Bill is as I have lost touch with him. It is interesting to read this very early view of digital computers and the comparison with electromechanical systems. I have often wondered why documentation of these early computer totes refer to printing the odds and pool figures at regular intervals however I never thought that this was a means of data recovery as indicted in this article.

With the rapid progress of these systems to handling many venues and far more diverse pools with increased runner combinations, this option would have quickly been rendered impracticable. The above image is not exactly the same as the one in this article however it is one of the triplex PDP8 totes and looks so similar it could come from the same negative. The chair looks the same and is in the exact same position in both photographs. The differences are the colour and the advertisement on this photograph.

The image in the magazine is monochrome and where this article refers to dark doors this should be translated to brown in the photo above. I did receive a quip from a non technical manager once that in his opinion, my philosophy required backups of the backups for the backup. Reliability with a Capital R or The Check On The Check Electronic Totalisators are so different from other types that it is not possible to apply to them the usual reliability criteria.

We must, therefore, be very clear what we require in this line because the way in which it is achieved is so utterly different. Ideally no equipment of any description should ever go wrong or give any trouble. This can never be completely achieved in practice, but with some types of equipment which are well designed and manufactured this ideal can be very closely approached.

ATL Totalisator equipment is a case in point where the fault rate is extremely low. It is thus able to provide unfailing service to the punter and ensure that the owner and operator do not lose money. To achieve these ends, two things must be done. Firstly, as mentioned above, the equipment must be designed and made as well as is humanly possible to reduce the fault rate to the absolute minimum.

Secondly, precautions must be taken in the design so that the vital race information can never be lost, come what may. Let us look at these two points in turn and see how they are carried out both with electromechanical and electronic totalisators. Excellence of mechanical design and manufacture of electromechanical equipment results in a low incidence of faults and also long life. To see that this is so it is only necessary to consider the ATL installations which are still giving excellent service after twenty, thirty and even more years of continuous work.

There are many of them spread throughout the world. With electronic equipment, which is made by the large specialist manufacturers, it is, first of all, necessary to select the best available. If the overall reliability must be improved further, and this is frequently the case, then duplication and possibly triplication of the equipment is the answer. As well as providing extra equipment against the possibility of malfunction, the duplicate can provide another check against miscalculation or misreading of data.

By these means it is possible to produce an almost negligible fault rate. However, the financial consequences of any fault can be extremely serious and the second precaution mentioned above must be taken, to ensure that the pool information can never, never, never be lost. With electromechanical totalisators there are always several points from which the initial pool information may be independently obtained to check results, or in case of need. These points are all mechanical, such as counters, and virtually the only thing which could cause the loss of all information would be an atomic bomb!

With Electronic Totalisators the same type of counters are not used. The information is stored in the magnetic core memory of the computers and one cannot look at it and see what is there. However, an integral portion of any Electronic Totalisator is a high speed printer and in normal use the updated odds and pool figures are printed out at frequent intervals, normally between 30 and 90 seconds.

Printed information, which can never be significantly in error, is thus always available. Additional records may be made which are quite independent of the pools accumulated in the machine memory. The most usual type of these is a magnetic tape containing details of all bets.

However, it takes some time to use such records which are mainly useful as a long term backup. It is also possible, as with other types of totalisator, to reconstruct the pools from the machine counters and the odds, but again this takes some time. Hence it can be seen that the principle of The Check on the Check , i.

Due to the different type of equipment, the way in which it has been done is quite different but the result is just the same in completely protecting the punter and the operator against all possible types of equipment faults. Maintenance With an Electronic Totalisator all the equipment outside the machine room is familiar, and normal maintenance techniques apply.

In the machine room, however, fresh techniques are required on equipment which is similar to many computer installations. Personnel to handle this equipment must still, of course, be thoroughly steeped in tote philosophy. So a new member has been added to the team. He is thoroughly versed in the micro and integrated circuits of modern electronics as well as knowing the effects of the remainder of the totalisator equipment on them.

The other items in the machine room, which are not shown in the photograph, are the two high speed printers, the Teletypes and the computer room indicator. On the left of the picture are three Scanners followed by two Board Control Units with the two Totalisator Control Consoles on the desk in front of them. Of the remaining five cabinets, the three with dark doors house the computers and the other two the extended memories and the high speed readers and punches.

The electronic totalisator system referred to here is the same as the one in the photograph in the Electronics Totalisators III article above. Harold Park has now closed and its operations moved to Menangle Park. ATL electronic totalisator system is the pacemaker at Harold Park Harold Park Paceway has been host to many great trotters including Cardigan Bay, who won a million dollars in Australasia and the United States, and Lucky Creed who won 23 successive events.

Their performances will be talked about at Harold Park for as long as people remember the time Dan Patch broke the two minute barrier for a mile at Yonkers. And that will be forever. ATL did the job, its tenth successful Electronic installation since Aqueduct. This year there will be 89 race meetings at Harold Park, 47 of them for trotters and 42 for greyhounds.

All will attract huge crowds, for this racecourse is the most important venue of its kind in Australia. The N. Trotting Club, the company controlling Harold Park, at the moment can boast of having the most modern Totalisator facilities anywhere in the trotting world. Chris purchased these tickets at Harold Park in and This system was later upgraded to a PDP11 based totalisator system which I have done maintenance work on at Harold Park.

Having mentioned Harold Park is closed and moved to Menangle Park, following are extracts from a Tote Topics Magazine Spring article, titled Manangle Park: "Throughout the world there would be few lighted Trotting Tracks equal to Menangle park" Thus reported the panel of nine electrical engineers and architects from the Illuminating Engineering Society of Australia who awarded the Meritorious Lighting Award for to the Menangle Park Trotting Track.

The layman can readily see the merit of this outstanding illumination - a brilliantly lit track, no glare for spectators or drivers, no overhead wires, no shadows day or night. A really remarkable achievement. Located only 40 miles from Sydney, in historic surrounding on the beautiful Nepean River, Menangle Park is renowned for its picnic atmosphere, extensive lawns, cleanliness, car parking facilities, strong betting ring and exciting racing.

During World War II the racecourse was converted into an airfield, with a bitumen landing strip running right down the centre. Webmaster's comment: as a pilot, I find this very interesting! Horse racing was not resumed after the war, and in the acre property was bought by the NSW Trotting Club because in line with world pattern the race tracks of large cities are well away from the city itself.

Trotting Club predicts an exciting future for Menangle Park. It seems certain that it will share the progress and prosperity of the fast growing Campbelltown and Camden districts now that the electric train service has been extended to Campbelltown.

ATL installed the Totalisator for the first meeting in September, and recently updated the service to the punter by adding the Trifecta on course for every race. Today the Trifecta pool dominates all the pools thus proving its popularity. The average attendance for the 20 meetings per year is A permanent staff of 5 keep the area and facilities in first class order but on race day casual labour is about William Johnson recalls these systems I have included an email from William Johnson written in for two reasons.

First, the systems of this era were based on PDP-8 computers and William mentions them here. Second he mentions several installations of this era that have articles presented here. He mentions Harold Park, which appears under the previous heading and Wentworth Park which appears below. William also mentions Hong Kong and there is a segment on Happy Valley above, which is the system William would have worked on. Finally William mentions Indonesia which is probably the Djakarta system which appears under the next heading.

William had a long career with ATL in engineering and managerial roles. I worked on Melbourne doubles installation 's, Caracas installation for three years and left to work in Kuala Lumpur, Penang and Ipoh between Kuala Lumpur had the drum adders also used as totals displays for the public until a new mechanical totalisator arrived for installation.

It was first installed under the grandstand but rainwater problems caused it to be moved to the ground floor above. This was done with local staff between meetings. One year after my return I worked as an electrical inspector under Colin Holz. From memory my brother Jeff did some programming for the PDP-8 and went to Indonesia for the installation. Later on, he introduced the internet to the Australian public in Perth, his children's school.

Djakarta uses versatile electronic totalisator systems with complete satisfaction Following is an extract from a company booklet ATL International Name in Totalisator Betting Systems. The electronic totalisator system referred to here is another PDP8 installation like the ones above and was probably written in The racecourse and the greyhound racetrack in Djakarta are the newest in Asia.

The Djakarta Canidrome commenced greyhound racing in ATL's totalisator installations will be adequate for many years to come to handle a growing volume of racing business in the fast developing Indonesian capital. At Wentworth Park in Sydney you rub shoulders with many of the top greyhounds in the Southern Hemisphere.

Greyhounds in the same mould as Zoom Top, Roman Earl and Black Top who re-wrote its track records with incredible performances. This year 1, greyhounds will jump from the starting boxes at Wentworth Park. They will all be trying to break records, but few will succeed. Records are anything but fragile at Wentworth Park, being made as they were by real champions. ATL installed its latest equipment at Wentworth Park in The two-computer system, with two scanners, 90 ticket issuing machines and indicator board, form part of the Electronic Totalisator System which processes the on course and off course investments on each race quicker than the judge can post the winner's number.

ATL fields only one candidate against its speed. They dead-heat in the systems race it services. Tote Topics No. Attendance figures have risen and betting turnover records have been made and broken with the rise in on-course and off-course investment. National Coursing Association Limited.

Greyhound meetings at Wentworth Park are now directly televised on Saturday evening in prime time by one of Sydney's major television channels. These telecasts, the streamlined betting system and the excellent amenities provided by the N.

National Coursing Association Limited is one of Australia's oldest sporting bodies. The Association, formed in , has conducted greyhound racing continuously during the past 76 years and is now recognised as one of the most progressive greyhound racing control bodies in the world. Wentworth Park is therefore the only racing association in Australia which can boast of having its Totalisator System and Indicator under electronic control.

The Wentworth Park Trust controls general public and sporting facilities at Wentworth Park which also contains one of the State's top Soccer fields and is the venue for first grade matches in this popular football code. Other sporting fixtures, notably the annual 'Highland Gathering' of Sydney's Scottish community also take place at Wentworth Park. Main features of Electronic System Twin computers combine on-course and off-course investments at Wentworth Park.

Closed circuit television is used to transmit Odds, Results and Dividends information throughout the Course for both public and internal use. As an added feature, the running of each race is videotaped and played back to the patrons on monitors 2 minutes after the greyhounds have crossed the finish line.

High speed Line Printers record the information stored in the computers. This information is available for checking and for record purposes at any time. Logging Teleprinters record all instructions given to the computers and type out data as specified by the program.

Instructions not taken care of by the program are keyed into the Totalisator Control Console which serves as an input device. Calculations of Odds and Dividends are made by the computer under program control. Five selling divisions equipped with type J11 single value Win, Place and Quinella Ticket Issuing Machines serve the betting needs of the public. Both types of machine are fast lightweight press button units designed to efficiently and speedily handle business at the selling windows.

A new grandstand with many special design features is envisaged in future plans for Wentworth Park. ATL shares with the Wentworth Park Trust and the National Coursing Association their enthusiastic anticipation of this plan becoming a reality, thus providing another facet to the modern facilities offered at this internationally-known greyhound race track. Jai Alai - Tote Topics No.

First it gives an introduction to a fast and interesting game that many may not be aware of. Second it provides a history of this game that has ancient origins. Third, as the first sentence indicates, it is, at the time, the only sport on which totalisator betting is legal and is probably the seed that led to the extensive sports betting industry present in the early new millennium.

Fourth it demonstrates the application of a tote to something other than the well known three, Gallops, Trots and Dogs. Fifth, it introduces the Big Q and the requirements for building a Fronton which are quite interesting. Finally and far from least it refers to Automatic Totalisators U. It later changed its name to Autotote which was a name it became popularly known as in America. The subsidiary was later sold and it became a sister company, sharing technology and products and regions of the planet were agreed upon for each to service.

Jai Alai pronounced Hi Li is reputed to be the fastest ball game in the world and the only sport in which totalisator wagering on the skill of human beings is legal. The Origins of Jai Alai are said to date back to the Babylonians and Mayan Indians but the game as it is known today began some five hundred years ago in the Basque Provinces in Spain - the Pyranees mountains and surrounding foothills, traditional dividing line between France and Spain. The Basque peasants found recreation on Sunday by hurling a ball against the wall of the village church and the game developed until matches were arranged between the best players of each town.

The spectators cheered and drank the local wine at the contests and Sunday became fiesta time, in Basque tongue it was called jai-alai which means, 'happy holiday'. The game passed the church wall stage at the beginning of the last century and the first Fronton - building where Jai Alai is played - was built at Eibar, Spain in However, over the years as with all sports, radical changes have been made in the type of equipment and the structure of the Fronton which has resulted in a faster and more skilful game.

The playing court of the game 'Cancha' is feet long by 40 feet wide and the front wall is 44 feet high, constructed out of 12" thick granite blocks each weighing about 10 tons. The patrons are protected from the ball by wire mesh and every part of the game is visible from all seats in the Fronton. The game is easy to understand because it is regulated by the shortest set of rules governing a game involving the throwing of a ball.

The ball or Pelota is hurled against the front wall of the playing court by players who wear wicker baskets 'Cestas' which are made to their specifications. The size of the cesta may vary depending on whether the player is playing back court or front court. Singles and Doubles game, as in tennis, are played and the players - pairs for doubles - in each game play in rotation to a predetermined number of points. A point is won when the opposition cannot return the ball to the front wall.

Basically the rules are: The Pelotas' service bounce must be between two designated lines on the court floor for it to be good. The pelota must be caught by the opposing player after not more than one bounce on the floor. The pelota need not bounce at all and it can bounce off the walls as many times as a player can negotiate. The catching and throwing of the pelota must be one completely integrated and continuous motion. This is an oversimplified explanation of a game that incorporates the finesse of a tennis placement, is faster than handball, requires the exact timing of golf and must be seen to realise the thrills it can elicit.

The controlled speed of Jai Alai is really beautiful to watch. While some type of wagering would take place in most countries, betting would not be on the same scale as it is in Florida, U. In Florida - only state to legalise betting on Jai Alai - there are six Frontons and because of the rewards and conditions most players whether from the Basque country, Mexico or anywhere else want to play there. We have covered all these pools with the exception of the Big Q in previous issues of Tote Topics.

The Big Q is picking two consecutive winning quinellas. It is an entirely individual form of wagering. The bettor selects a quinella choice in one game and if a winner, must exchange the ticket at no additional cost for a quinella combination in the second game. Indication is provided to allow the public to follow the trend of betting throughout the entire betting period.

The maximum number of post positions - starters as in racing - is eight and for ease of identification each number has a colour and players wear a coloured shirt to match the appropriate post position. The points score, results and dividends for all pools are also displayed on the same indicator which is positioned above the court and is clearly visible from all seats in the Fronton.

Although Jai Alai is related to racing by way of its totalisator betting nature, the sport is different in many ways. It has been said a different type of people watch Jai Alai and generally the fan is not a gambler; he or she is looking for an evening of entertainment and the per capita figures bear this out. Big money is not bet at jai Alai because there is a handicapping problem and this is the reason for the tote turnover being almost entirely Quinella, Perfecta and other combination pools.

The player' manager and match maker, who holds a position similar to that of a racing secretary in horse racing has the difficult task of assigning the players to post positions and games for the evenings programme. The leading players are assigned the higher number, the more difficult post positions, thus the players in the lower number positions have an advantage as they have the earliest opportunity to serve or receive and can attempt to amass points. Handicapping is difficult due to the type of information available.

Information such as blood line for horses and greyhounds is pertinent in racing but of course has no relevance in professional athletic competition. Therefore the only information used by the handicapper in Jai Alai is the player's past record which is not conclusive by any means. A strict control is maintained over all players to ensure that they must play to win at all times and Frontons maintain a world-wide investigation service and each candidate is thoroughly screened and investigated, not only as to his ability but as to character and reputation before a contract is offered.

The success of any totalisator betting sport, including horse and greyhound racing and Jai Alai depends on public conviction that the game is fair. The thrilling Basque game has proved this by its incredible acceptance in Florida, U. The writer of the above article has signed J.

John wrote the following: Tote Topics was one of my responsibilities and the article on Jai Alai was written by me. My job was to get people to write articles and then have it produced. I had very little budget so it was a low cost production.

It was sent by mail to all our clients. I have included the following image as Dania Fronton is mentioned in the article above. Additionally it shows what Jai Alai being played looks like. Ted Taylor from London was my boss. I cut my teeth on the J8. I'm now the manager at Atlantic City. At the time we were still owned by Premier Equipment. Some Listed Installations As this chapter has turned out to be a travelogue of ATL's global exploits it left me thinking that I would like to find articles relating to some other interesting countries where ATL had customers.

Apart from the locations covered on this page, there are other pages in this website dedicated to the United States, Caracas representing South America and Harringay representing England so I was satisfied with them. I have been unable to find anything on some countries I find interesting like Ireland and India. Failing finding any specific articles I have presented a list of customers in these countries that are not mentioned elsewhere on this site. I have also included some of the small list entries of interest.

It illustrates the diverse regions of our planet from whence ATL's customers came. It is also interesting to note that of all countries in this document, New Zealand has the greatest number of installations with list entries. I do not know what year this document was produced however I will hazard a guess at late s. An interesting place to watch the J8 in action was at Ireland's greyhound tracks. The machines were configured to sell win, place and forecast exacta at all windows.

This could be done because, as in the U. The first six positions on the dial's arc were occupied by the numbers 1 through 6, and the next fifteen by the various possible combinations, starting with , , , , , , and so on. If the customer wanted a forecast with the higher number winning, the button was depressed in the 'place' mode. A boxed combination was sold as an 'each way' bet. This was way back in I still have the J8 forecast tickets. My J8 Ticket Issuing Machine pamphlet gives the following information regarding pools.

The doubles application requires 64 permutations, so there must have been some trick to being able to handle all those, especially as you can't reverse , , and so on. The Irish greyhound application of the machine is beyond the manufacturer's stated expectations of its capability. It would be interesting to know where the idea to sell singles and combinations at the same time came from. It cut down the number of machines and operators required to service a meeting; as well as providing bettors the opportunity to place all their bets at the one window.

No doubt this meant increased betting handle. The paper used does not look like normal ATL ticket paper. There is no mention of the company's name, no paper code and none of the coloured zig-zag lines. Paper colour was changed each race.

These settings can be accessed and changed at any time. Even if you do not consent to marketing messages, you may still receive the ad-hoc service emails from BetGold. These messages are so that we can inform you of changes to Terms and Conditions, Privacy Policy, any other important policy or anything that may impact the service or products we are able to provide to you.

As a licensed entity, we have significant responsibilities in relation to responsible gambling. To assist, we utilise a system which flags patterns or behaviours exhibited by a player that could indicate problem gambling. When the system flags a player, our Customer Team review the account. They may then decide to contact a player to discuss their usage on the site and provide appropriate information in relation to problem gambling.

We also use segmentation to split our players into groups based on their gaming behaviour. We do this to help us understand how people use the product and to help us develop our marketing approach, including bonus offerings and promotions. If you are unhappy with how your information has been handled by BetGold the first thing you can do is raise this with our Customer Service either via live chat or by emailing suporte betgold. You can do this by sending an email to dpo betgold. The DPO will then look into your complaint and investigate whether your information has been handled appropriately and in line with this privacy notice, our legal obligations and our internal policies and procedures.

If you wish to see our full Betting Rules please click the link. Deposits are instant and BetGold do not charge for using this method. Enter your card details, deposit amount and select Deposit. Once complete, the amount will be instantly credited to your BetGold account. The card holders name must match the name registered on your BetGold account.

Card deposits will appear on your bank statement as payments to LG Trading Ltd. Some deposits may be processed via Mastercard SecureCode or Verified by Visa which are an extra level of protection used when making payments from your card. This may require you to enter a PIN number or password to approve the payment. This service is quick, easy and free to set up. Neteller is a secure and fast way to deposit funds to your BetGold account via an eWallet using your Debit or Credit card, bank transfer and many other types of deposit methods.

Deposits are instant and BetGold does not charge for using this method. To transfer funds, click on the red Deposit button and select Neteller as your deposit method. On the first deposit you make you will be required to enter your digit Neteller account number or Neteller email address and 6 digit Neteller secure ID, as well as your deposit amount. After selecting Deposit, the amount will be instantly credited to your BetGold account.

When you have made a deposit, your digit Neteller account number or Neteller email address will be stored on your account, you will not be required to enter this again. The name and email address you have registered with Neteller must match exactly the name and email address registered on your BetGold account. To open a Neteller account or for further information, please visit www.

Neteller is not available for German players. Skrill is a fast and secure method of funding your BetGold account via an eWallet. To transfer funds to your BetGold account, click on the red Deposit button and select Skrill as your deposit method. Enter your deposit amount and select the Deposit button. You will then be directed to the Skrill website where you will need to log into your personal account and confirm your payment.

Skrill has a 'Remember me' option that will allow you to complete online purchases easier and faster but keeping your personal and financial information secure. When making your deposit you may select to stay logged in for future deposits on the same browser and device by clicking the 'Remember me' tick-box. Once you opt-in to stay connected, you will no longer need to login to your Skrill account when making subsequent deposits.

This is instead of having to re-enter your Skrill account details each time you deposit. See Skrill 1-Tap for further information. The name and email address you have registered with Skrill must match exactly the name and email address registered on your BetGold account. To open a Skrill account and for further information about using this depositing method, please visit www.

Paysafecard is a secure and fast way deposit funds to your BetGold account. My Paysafecard is an online payments account which will store all of your paysafecard vouchers. The combined value of your paysafecard vouchers can then be used to deposit quickly and safely by simply entering your my paysafecard username and password.

To make a deposit via your my paysafecard account, you will need to click on the red Deposit button and select Paysafecard as your deposit method. Enter your deposit amount and select Deposit. You will then be directed to the paysafecard website where you will need to enter your my paysafecard account details and confirm your payment. Once complete, the amount will be credited to your BetGold account. To locate your nearest outlet, or for further information about My Paysafecard, please visit www.

To transfer funds to your BetGold account, click on the red Deposit button and select ecoPayz as your deposit method. You will then be directed to the ecoPayz website where you will need to log into your personal account and confirm your payment. The name and email address you have registered with ecoPayz must match exactly the name and email address registered on your BetGold account. Trustly is a fast, simple and secure method of funding your BetGold account.

To transfer funds into your BetGold account click on the red deposit button and select Trustly as your deposit method. Log into your online bank account and confirm the deposit. The funds will then be transferred into your BetGold account.

AstroPay Card is a fast and secure method of funding your BetGold account via a virtual prepaid card. Deposits are instant and BetGold apply no charges for using this method. To transfer funds, click on Deposit and select AstroPay Card from the list of available payment methods.

After selecting Deposit the amount will be instantly credited to your BetGold account. The name registered on your AstroPay Card account must match the name registered on your BetGold account. To purchase an AstroPay Card or for further information, please visit www. Neteller is a fast and secure method of funding your BetGold account via an eWallet using your Debit or Credit card, bank transfer and many other deposit options.

To transfer funds, click on Deposit and select Neteller from the list of available payment methods. On your first deposit you will be required to enter your 12 digit Neteller account number or Neteller email address and 6 digit Neteller secure ID, in addition to your deposit amount. When you have made a deposit, your 12 digit Neteller account number or Neteller email address will be stored on your account, therefore you will not be required to enter this again.

The name and email address you have registered with Neteller must match the name and email address registered on your BetGold account. To transfer funds, click on Deposit and select Skrill from the list of available payment methods. You will then be directed to the Skrill website where you will need to log into your account and confirm your payment.

Skrill also offers a 'Remember me' feature which allows you to complete online purchases easier and faster while keeping your personal and financial information secured. Once you opt-in to stay connected, you will not need to login to your Skrill account when making subsequent deposits.

The name and email address you have registered with Skrill must match the name and email address registered on your BetGold account. To open a Skrill account or for further information, please visit www. Ecopayz is a global online payment provider, that allows you to send, receive and spend money in a safe, flexible and convenient way. Opening up a new account is quite easy and shouldn't take more than a couple of minutes.

You simply need to enter www. You have to fill in your personal information name, address etc. You can easily top up your eco account through a credit or debit card, a local bank deposit or an online bank payment. Enter your deposit amount, CPF and select Deposit. You will then be issued with a ticket which you can use to complete your payment via your online banking, over-the-counter at any Brazilian bank or via an ATM, Post Office, Lottery Kiosk or Retailer who accepts Boleto payments.

When transferring funds via online banking, the name registered to your bank account must match the name registered on your BetGold account. Banco do Brasil is a fast and secure method of funding your BetGold account using your online banking. This payment method is available to customers in Brazil. Deposits are processed quickly and BetGold apply no charges for using this method. To transfer funds, click on Deposit and select Banco do Brasil from the list of available payment methods.

Enter your deposit amount, your CPF and select Deposit. If you are using a web browser to deposit you will then be transferred to your bank's website in order to log into your account and confirm your payment. Once complete, the amount will be credited to your BetGold account upon receipt.

If you are using a mobile device to deposit, you will be provided with the recipient bank details and a reference number. Click Perform Transfer to be directed to the Banco do Brasil website in order to make your payment using the bank details provided. The name registered on your bank account must match the name registered on your BetGold account. Bradesco is a fast and secure method of funding your BetGold account using your online banking. To transfer funds, click on Deposit and select Bradesco from the list of available payment methods.

Click Perform Transfer to be directed to the Bradesco website in order to make your payment using the bank details provided. You will then be transferred to your bank's website in order to log into your account and confirm your payment. Caixa is a fast and secure method of funding your BetGold account using your online banking. To transfer funds, click on Deposit and select Caixa from the list of available payment methods.

You will then be provided with the recipient bank details which should be used to make your deposit. Click the Transfer button in order to be directed to the Caixa website to log into your online banking and submit your payment. Santander is a fast and secure method of funding your BetGold account using your online banking. To transfer funds, click on Deposit and select Santander from the list of available payment methods.

Click the Transfer button in order to be directed to the Santander website to log into your online banking and submit your payment. Pay4Fun has recently been established as the leading payment e-wallet in Brazil. Pay4Fun connects customers, merchants and local banking services together in the most efficient and cost effective manner so everyone can benefit.

To make a deposit on the BetGold website go to deposit and select Pay4Fun from the list of avaialble payment methods. BetGold apply no charges for using this method. One of the coolest features of Ecopayz is the easy-to-use ecovoucher. Like the name implies, it is a voucher, similar to a paysafecard, that is used to quickly fund your bookmaker account. Simply find a retailer and buy one with no added charges. Upon hitting the confirm button, your balance will be credited with the chosen amount.

Innovapay wallet is an e-money transfer service used to transfer funds to and from merchants. Innovapay pin is a prepaid online payment method based on vouchers with a 16 digit PIN code customers can only purchase vouchers from their Inovapay wallet. Purchase online at your favourites international websites, using your preferred local payment methods in your currency. For more information and to register go to www. VCreditos is an intuitive, agile and secure platform for transferring credits on the best sites on the market.

Deposit quickly and securely through your preferred bank or Neteller. Transfer to your favorite website with just one click and earn additional credits for each transfer. Redeem your credits without additional fees, quickly and safely. To deposit from a bank to VC is immediate but may take up to 30 mins for confirmation. MuchBetter is a revolutionary award winning payment app. The eWallet lets you store, send and move money securely and quickly. If you have deposited by Credit or Debit Card, all withdrawals will be processed to the same card where possible.

BetGold do not charge for using this withdrawal method. Card withdrawals will appear on your bank statement as receipts from LG Trading Ltd. Fill in the details and click Withdraw. Where we are unable to withdraw back to your Card, funds will be returned to you via Fast Bank Transfer to the name registered on your BetGold account.

Where a Fast Bank Transfer withdrawal is necessary, you will be prompted to submit your bank details when clicking Withdraw. Please refer to the Fast Bank Transfer section for further information. If you have deposited by Neteller, all withdrawals will be processed to the same Neteller account.

In order to request a withdrawal, select Withdraw from the user menu at the top right of the screen and then select Neteller as your withdrawal method. Once funds have been withdrawn to your Neteller account, funds can be cashed out via Bank Wire, Cheque or onto a Neteller Prepaid Mastercard. If you have deposited by Skrill, all withdrawals will be processed to the same Skrill account. In order to request a withdrawal, select Withdraw from the user menu at the top right of the screen and then select Skrill as your withdrawal method.

Once funds have been withdrawn to your Skrill account, funds can be cashed out via Bank Wire or onto a Skrill Prepaid Mastercard. If you have deposited funds via a My Paysafecard account, you can withdraw via Wire Transfer. Alternatively, withdrawals can be processed back to your my paysafecard account. In order to request a withdrawal, select Withdraw from the user menu at the top right of the screen and then select Paysafecard as your withdrawal method.

In order for your withdrawal to be successful, the name and email address on your BetGold account must match the details on your My Paysafecard account. Ensure that your withdrawal amount is within the limits available on your My Paysafecard account or verify your My Paysafecard account to benefit from increased limits.

Where you have used your My Paysafecard account to make a deposit, BetGold reserves the right to refund all withdrawals back to your My Paysafecard account. If you have deposited by ecoPayz, all withdrawals will be processed to the same ecoPayz account.

In order to request a withdrawal, select Withdraw from the user menu at the top right of the screen and then select ecoPayz as your withdrawal method. If you have deposited by Trustly, all withdrawals will be processed to the same Trustly account. In order to request a withdrawal, select Withdraw from the user menu at the top right of the screen and then select Trustly as your withdrawal method. Choose a payment method and click Withdraw. BetGold will not apply any charges for withdrawals made by Neteller.

Once funds have been withdrawn to your Neteller account, funds can be cashed out via Bank Wire, Cheque or paid in some countries onto a Neteller Prepaid Mastercard. In order to request a withdrawal by Neteller, select the Services menu and select Withdraw. If using mobile, this can be located via the Bank section available in the top right hand corner of the screen.

BetGold will not apply any charges for withdrawals made by Skrill. The funds will be credited to you within 24 hours of your withdrawal request. Once funds have been withdrawn to your Skrill account, funds can be cashed out via Bank Wire or in some countries paid onto a Skrill Prepaid Mastercard. In order to request a withdrawal by Skrill, select the Services menu and select Withdraw.

Withdrawals are available through your bank account, or by sending money to your Ecocard. You can also create a virtual variant of the Ecopayz card, for online purchases, for a one time charge of 1. Make withdrawals with VCreditos through your preferred bank or Neteller.

Convert your credits instantly with clear and competitive rates. For more information go to www. Users can withdraw funds transferring their balance to their own bank accounts. Make withdrawals with MuchBetter through the www. For futher information visit www. If you have deposited via bank transfer, all withdrawals will be processed by bank transfer.

Withdrawals will be credited to your account within working days of your withdrawal request. Where your deposit payment method does not support withdrawals, the funds will be processed to you by bank transfer. These will be issued in the name as registered on your betgold account. Where a bank transfer withdrawal is necessary, you will be prompted to submit your bank details when clicking Withdraw on the Services menu.

The text on your bank statement may display the sender of the bank transfer as one of the following:. Click www. In the pop up please enter the following details:. If you do need to change that or other details, please contact customer service. You will be asked to confirm that you have read and understood the terms and conditions, privacy policy, responsible gaming and betting rules. Click on www. A couple of questions will need to be answered, such as the email address that was used at registration and date of birth.

If the email address has been changed please contact customer services. The email will contain your username and a link to click to help you reset your password. The new password that is being created will need the following:. If you have forgotten your user information, please contact support through our live chat, or alternatively please send an email to suporte betgold.

This can be caused by an error, but make sure the following has been completed:. If you have not received the email, please contact customer support. Once logged into your account, you will be able to enjoy playing our large variety of games and bet on sports. You will be able to:. The username cannot be change d once it has been chosen during the registration process.

It is also not possible to open another account in your name as policy dictates that it is only one account per customer. Players who have multiple accounts will not be granted bonuses and the duplicate accounts will be closed. Apart from your contact number, your personal information can only be changed by customer support.

If you believe that any of your personal information is incorrect or out of date, please contact suporte betgold. It is very important to make sure your account is secure and safe. Ensure that you:. In the very unlikely scenario that your expectations have not been met, please feel free to register a complaint.

Please do so by emailing suporte betgold. Screenshots and any documentation will help speed up this process. This will then be dealt with in a timely manner. You will need to be logged into your account on the website to be able to make the deposit.

Your balance is displayed in the top right of the page after you have logged in. Please look at our payment page for more details about the limits and supported currencies. Deposits on the site are promptly dealt with except boleto that CAN take working days.

Therefore, the balance in your account will be updated immediately once the transaction has gone through. We will not make any commission on any payments. Some providers may charge a currency exchange commission or a transfer commission. If the account is not registered to you, you will not be allowed to deposit as the account holder must match the account.

Any attempts to use a 3rd party payment method will be cancelled, even if the owner has given permission. This could be for several reasons, including reaching your deposit limit for your account, the details that have been entered are incorrect or there might not be enough funds in the account that is being used to deposit. Please check your payment method for sufficient funds. If you believe you have made a deposit in error, please contact suporte betgold.

More than one deposit method can be used to deposit into your account as long as the accounts are all registered in your name. The username and currency that are chosen at the registration cannot be changed. Some details that have been entered can only be changed by contacting suporte betgold. Conformation will be asked that the terms and conditions have been read and understood as well as privacy policy, responsible gaming and the betting rules.

You are required, as a licensing condition to bet on all reputable online gaming sites, to provide certain details and may be asked to provide further proof of identity to complete the registration process. All personal data is kept securely and has strict safeguards to protect it. Check that you are registering an account that is not listed in our excluded territories on our terms and conditions page. Only one account is allowed per person.

You are only allowed one account per person. Any additional accounts will be closed immediately. Any additional funds in secondary accounts may not be returned. This cannot be done. You need to register an account before placing any bets or claiming any bonuses. We are required under our licencing conditions and other regulations to ensure that we satisfy ourselves with the source of funds being deposited through our website.

Documentation is required so we can verify that the person playing is the person who they say they are. This is for your protection. If documentation is not provided when asked for the account will be suspended. We may request to know additional information on the source of the funds deposited and ask for suitable documentation as proof.

These could include a recent pay slip, bank statement, or other proof of income. These will be regarded as strictly confidential and will be in accordance with all applicable customer data protection legislation. If any problems are encounter while uploading documents, please contact Betgold Support. If you are experiencing any technical issues, please provide as as much of this information as you can to help us identify any potential problems.

We may ask for any of the following:. Once you have all this information forward it toss suporte betgold. Additional verification is required periodically to show source of funds. These may include pay slips bank statements etc. All documents that are required must be valid at the time of sending, in colour, legible, unedited and complete to show the whole document.

They can also be sent to suporte betgold. You must be logged into your account. Once in the withdrawal page it will show you the methods that are available to you to withdraw. Select your preferred method and choose the amount you want to withdraw and personal details that are asked for by each individual withdrawal method.

Note any additional or outstanding KYC documentation will be required to complete the withdrawal. Failure to provide will cause a delay to your withdrawal. All withdrawals will be processed back to the method that the deposit was made, for instance the Account Pay4Fun used for a deposit will be the same one that the withdrawal is sent to. All withdrawals take between 1 and 5 banking days once all documentation has been verified. Free bets cannot be withdrawn and can only be used to place bets.

The minimum stake is 10 cents. The maximum depends on which sport and types of bet are being used to bet with. This happens when the stake is below the minimum stake or above the maximum stake. Bets are normally settled within minutes of the result being published. Bets on tournaments eg the football World Cup, Wimbledon Championships etc are settled at the end of the tournament or once the result is published.

If you think your bet has been settled with the incorrect outcome, confirm the result then check in the betting rules to certify that the bets should be settled as you believe a win. Once you can confirm this contact suporte betgold. Bets can be cancelled or voided according to betting rules of the sport in question or with the general betting rules.

If this has happened contact suporte betgold. This can be accessed by clicking your name in the top right once you are logged in. At BetGold, we believe that customers come first as without customers we have no business. This is why we have a dedicated team of professional support agents ready to answer any questions or inquiries you might have. The BetGoldcustomer service team will reply to you as soon as possible.

If you have any questions or concerns, please feel free to contact us via the LiveChat feature. Alternatively, send us an email at suporte betgold. BetGold is a creative and ethical iGaming operator. We use next-generation technology, design flair and premium customer service to showcase to our players the best experience on the market. BetGold has offices across the world and is made up of a team of skilled and dedicated individuals with extensive experience, with the sole aim of offering its customers the best possible experiences in online gaming.

We have worked hard to create a product that maintains the highest technological and security standards, alongside the most varied range of betting markets, the best odds and the latest games. We hope it will be an exciting ride though the BetGold site. We know how important customers are, therefore, we have a friendly customer service team that is on-hand to help you with all your requirements. We want to provide you with a quality and fair service.

The dedicated customer service team are committed to ensuring that our players enjoy their stay at BetGold. There are many reasons to make BetGold your favourite online gaming site these include huge coverage of sports and events, live in-play betting, a breath taking range of slots, cutting edge live casino, fantastic promotions, fully secure and protected payments and withdrawals and of course a totally responsible attitude to gaming.

If you have any questions, concerns or suggestions for improvements then please feel free to contact our support team via the live chat facility. Alternatively, you can contact us at suporte betgold. Do you seek a golden future?

Here at BetGold we are always prospecting for bright, ambitious and talented people from all backgrounds and from a range of different sectors. Diversity and experience from other industries will help us and our existing employees grow. We judge everyone on their individual merits and what they canbring to our organisation to help push us forward to be the go-to place for gaming. We are a genuinely global company operating in different markets, which is why we have a genuinely international team with a cosmopolitan outlook.

We are a fast-growing and well-funded company always looking for the best talent to join us, making this an exciting, even thrilling place to work. We look after our staff very well, not only in renumeration but with a number of team evenings throughout the year and many more fun times away from the office.

You will find us a fun, friendly team who believe in working hard with a smile on our faces. If you would like to be part of a great, winning team in anything from customer service to marketing, tech support to finance, compliance to sports book management, bright people are always welcome.

If you want to strike gold today, please send your CV with a covering letter tocareers betgold. Join now. Personal Information. Language: English. American Decimal Fractional. Odds: Decimal. Feb 6 Sat, Today's Events.

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Hungary - NB I 4. Italy - Serie A2 3. Romania - Nationala 2. Slovenia - 1. SKL 3. Slovakia - Extraliga 1. Serbia - First League 2. The names may be a little scary for beginners as they mean much simple things, the Spread and Money Line are two distinct systems of betting in the match result — i. Spread System If you are familiar with Football Soccer Betting then this will maybe be easy to understand — Spread is just a handicap. If you are unfamiliar with a Handicap System, consider two teams, team A and team b, the team b is the underdog.

This means that if team A wins by a difference of 3 or more points, they are the winners of the spread scenario. If team B loses by a difference of 2 points or win the match, they win in that scenario. In sum, the odds are usually spread equally, and the change is the amount of points that a team will be handicapped positively or negatively.

On the other hand the underdog will have major odds that can pay lots of money in exchange of a very small amount of money. Only Regular Time Counts All the bets above described apply only to the regular time of the match. That is also why at times the option to bet on a draw is available although it is not possible to have a draw in a basketball match — it means as of the last regular quarter there was no victorious team and there was extra time.

Place Your Bet If you are used to Football betting but is interesting in expanding the markets in which you bet, Basketball may be an interesting option — there is a lot of information about top leagues like NBA and the Spanish League, and the NBB is growing a lot these days which means media coverage and team news are becoming widely available too. Learn about all major sports betting markets at Betgold and allow yourself to take a chance!

Game Odds. Betting Slip. Bet Slip Your bet slip is empty. Click on any price to add a bet. When odds change for selections already added to the Bet Slip. Accept all odds changes. Accept only better odds. Do not accept any.

Single Combo System Teaser. Retain Selection. Number of bets 0 Stake 0. Odds have changed, please accept. Place Bets. Accept Changes. Clear all. Off On Show only Cash Out bets. YourBet Add two or more selections to place YourBet 1.

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